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Medical Drug Utilization Information Systems in the United States and Europe

Chrisanthi Avgerou

in Information Systems and Global Diversity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263424
eISBN:
9780191714252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263424.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter examines information systems for the use of medical drugs, known as drug utilization systems, also referred to as prescription systems in the UK. Since the 1980s, information systems in ... More


Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Richard D. Smith and Kara Hanson (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book outlines the key aspects and issues concerning health systems of low- and middle-income countries, recognizing the current global context within which these systems operate and the dynamics ... More


A New Global Health Actor? The OECD's Careful Guidance of National Health Care Systems 1

Alexandra Kaasch

in Mechanisms of OECD Governance: International Incentives for National Policy-Making?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199591145
eISBN:
9780191594601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591145.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Chapter 9 focuses on ideas about the organization of health systems as developed in and disseminated by the OECD Secretariat. Global health governance is characterized by an increasing number ... More


Curing Fragmentation With Integrated Delivery Systems: What They Do, What Has Blocked Them, Why We Need Them, and How to Get There From Here *

Alain Enthoven

in The Fragmentation of U.S. Health Care: Causes and Solutions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390131
eISBN:
9780199775934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390131.003.004
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter begins with a discussion of the fragmentation of health care delivery and its occurrence at two levels: with the individual patient, and at the community level. It then discusses ... More


Developing a district health care service

John Walley and Sarah Escott

in Public Health: An action guide to improving health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238934
eISBN:
9780191716621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238934.003.010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the benefits of a well-functioning district health system. It argues for a general approach to health needs assessment, selecting the best interventions, and planning and ... More


Ending the Specialty Hospital Wars: A Plea for Pilot Programs as Information-Forcing Regulatory Design

Frank Pasquale

in The Fragmentation of U.S. Health Care: Causes and Solutions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390131
eISBN:
9780199775934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390131.003.011
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter focuses on the need for more targeted assessment of the impact of market forces on communities. Pilot programs encourage experimentation in the delivery system without risking widespread ... More


Health policy and systems

Andrew Green

in Public Health: An action guide to improving health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238934
eISBN:
9780191716621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238934.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses some of the key policy issues related to health systems that public health managers face. This is important both in terms of understanding the ‘bigger picture’ and in seeing ... More


Human Service Organizations: Dead or Alive?

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Mental models are the largely unconscious ideas and beliefs that structure what we think about–and what we do not consider. Mental models represent mental short-cuts and limitations. This chapter ... More


What is a ‘health system’?

Richard D. Smith and Kara Hanson

in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This volume considers the health sector to be made up of the set of actors and activities that are primarily aimed at improving/preserving health status, at an individual or a population level. In ... More


Legal Remedies: Therapeutic Markets and the Judicialization of the Right to Health

João Biehl and Adriana Petryna

in When People Come First: Critical Studies in Global Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157382
eISBN:
9781400846801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157382.003.0016
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

In 1996, Brazil became the first developing country to adopt an official policy granting free access to antiretroviral drugs through its broad-reaching but ailing public health care system (SUS). In ... More


Health systems and institutions

Lucy Gilson

in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter adopts an institutional lens in considering both the nature of health systems and ways of strengthening them. First, it reviews five widely known health system conceptual frameworks, ... More


The public health system in England

David J. Hunter

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424631
eISBN:
9781447303978
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424631.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Health systems everywhere are experiencing rapid change in response to new threats to health, including from lifestyle diseases, risks of pandemic flu, and the global effects of climate change, but ... More


The Dangers of the Market Panacea

Mark Schlesinger

in Healthy, Wealthy, and Fair: Health Care and the Good Society

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195170665
eISBN:
9780199850204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170665.003.0024
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the emergence of market ideology and how it has reshaped understanding of the nature and import of inequality within the American health-care system. It describes four changes ... More


Health Care Systems

Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens, and Mahmoud F. Fathalla

in Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241323
eISBN:
9780191696909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241323.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defines a health care system as the mechanism in any society that transforms or metabolizes inputs of knowledge, and human and financial resources into outputs of services relevant to ... More


International Mobility of Health Professionals: Brain Drain or Brain Exchange?

Stephen Bach

in The International Mobility of Talent: Types, Causes, and Development Impact

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199532605
eISBN:
9780191714627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532605.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The consequences of health professional mobility have become a prominent public policy concern. This chapter considers trends in mobility amongst doctors and nurses and the consequences for health ... More


Why the United States Has No National Health Insurance and What Can Be Done About It

Jill Quadagno

in One Nation, Uninsured: Why the U.S. Has No National Health Insurance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160390
eISBN:
9780199944026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160390.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter presents an evaluation of the alternative explanations of the American case based on the historical evidence given, and analyzes the prospects of health care reform in the twentieth ... More


The health system and external financing

Anna Vassall and Melisa Martínez-Álvarez

in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.003.0077
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Building stronger health systems and sectors in low-income countries will continue to require international finance for some time to come. However, despite the significant growth in development ... More


User Charges for Health Care: A Review of the Underlying Theory and Assumptions

GERMANO MWABU

in Social Provision in Low-Income Countries: New Patterns and Emerging Trends

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242191
eISBN:
9780191697050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242191.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

Efficiency and equity have been the most controversial concerns in the health care financial system for a very long time, specifically in most low-income countries. Since there are informational and ... More


Medical Safety and Neuroergonomics

Matthew Rizzo, Sean McEvoy, and John Lee

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter considers how neuroergonomics—the study of the brain and behavior at work in healthy and impaired states—is relevant to assessments and interventions in patient safety at the levels of ... More


The policy context

Andrew Green

in An Introduction to Health Planning for Developing Health Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198571346
eISBN:
9780191724138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571346.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces some of the key policy themes that have been central to the health sector over the last twenty years. It begins by examining the policy of primary health care (PHC), which for ... More


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