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The policy context

Andrew Green

in An Introduction to Health Planning for Developing Health Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198571346
eISBN:
9780191724138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571346.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces some of the key policy themes that have been central to the health sector over the last twenty years. It begins by examining the policy of primary health care (PHC), which for ... More


The health system and external financing

Anna Vassall and Melisa Martínez-Álvarez

in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.003.0077
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Building stronger health systems and sectors in low-income countries will continue to require international finance for some time to come. However, despite the significant growth in development ... More


What is a ‘health system’?

Richard D. Smith and Kara Hanson

in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This volume considers the health sector to be made up of the set of actors and activities that are primarily aimed at improving/preserving health status, at an individual or a population level. In ... More


Planning for health

Andrew Green

in An Introduction to Health Planning for Developing Health Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198571346
eISBN:
9780191724138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571346.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter argues that in many countries the health services provided by agencies outside the State may be very significant. In addition, the role of agencies which may have an impact on health, ... More


Process Redesign and Changing Contexts of Health Care

Terry McNulty and Ewan Ferlie

in Reengineering Health Care: The Complexities of Organizational Transformation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269075
eISBN:
9780191699351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269075.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

Although individuals from agencies may have the best ideas for the betterment of the organization, agency-led approaches should be reinforced by the notions that organizations are contextually ... More


Revenue collection and pooling arrangements in financing

Di McIntyre and Joseph Kutzin

in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.003.0040
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on two of the key functions of a health sector financing system: revenue collection and fund pooling. It uses as its starting point the World Health Organization resolution ... More


Organization

Marc J. Roberts, William Hsiao, Peter Berman, and Michael R. Reich

in Getting Health Reform Right: A Guide to Improving Performance and Equity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195371505
eISBN:
9780199863839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371505.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers how government can influence the organization of the health-care delivery system. It begins by defining the meaning of “an organization”—as a provider of health-care ... More


Measuring and evaluating performance

Ellen Nolte and Martin McKee

in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.003.0031
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines some of the main conceptual issues and methodological challenges that underlie our understanding of, and approaches to, a measurement of the performance of health sectors. It ... More


Global health diplomacy: the ‘missing pillar’ of health system strengthening

Richard D. Smith and Kara Hanson

in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.003.0093
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the future of the health system strengthening movement. It draws from the previous chapters in the book, taking the framework from Chapter 1 as the starting point, and summarizes ... More


Getting Health Reform Right: A Guide to Improving Performance and Equity

Marc Roberts, William Hsiao, Peter Berman, and Michael Reich

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195371505
eISBN:
9780199863839
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371505.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book provides a framework for developing and analyzing health sector reforms, based on international experience. It offers practical guidance and stresses the need to take account of each ... More


The health system and global changes

Richard D. Smith

in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.003.0089
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter builds on Chapter 10 by adopting a broad perspective to consider how a nation's health system may be impacted upon by changes at the global level. It begins by delineating the boundaries ... More


Do health care systems contribute to inequalities?

David A. Leon and Gill Walt

in Poverty, Inequality, and Health: An International Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192631961
eISBN:
9780191723599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631961.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the role of health care systems in generating poverty and inequality. It argues that health care systems, as social institutions, are built out of the existing social structure ... More


Introduction

Marc J. Roberts, William Hsiao, Peter Berman, and Michael R. Reich

in Getting Health Reform Right: A Guide to Improving Performance and Equity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195371505
eISBN:
9780199863839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371505.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter discusses health sector reform. It argues that economic, social, and political forces, both inside and outside the health-care system, are causing widespread pressures to ... More


Goals for Evaluating Health Systems

Marc J. Roberts, William Hsiao, Peter Berman, and Michael R. Reich

in Getting Health Reform Right: A Guide to Improving Performance and Equity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195371505
eISBN:
9780199863839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371505.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents the case for judging a health sector's performance in terms of three performance goals: (1) the health status of the population; (2) the satisfaction citizens derive from the ... More


Human resources and the health sector

Barbara McPake

in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.003.0052
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The health workforce is the component of the health sector that determines the efficiency with which all others function. Conceived broadly to include all those who are ‘primarily engaged in actions ... More


Pharmaceuticals and the health sector

Prashant Yadav, Richard D. Smith, and Kara Hanson

in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.003.0061
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter consolidates existing knowledge around the role, structure, and improvement levers of pharmaceutical systems, and reviews issues facing the pharmaceutical component of health sectors in ... More


Planning human resources

Andrew Green

in An Introduction to Health Planning for Developing Health Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198571346
eISBN:
9780191724138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571346.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter introduces human resource planning and looks at its role in, and relationship to, the broader function of health planning. The two elements of supply and demand for staff are discussed ... More


Political Analysis and Strategies

Marc J. Roberts, William Hsiao, Peter Berman, and Michael R. Reich

in Getting Health Reform Right: A Guide to Improving Performance and Equity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195371505
eISBN:
9780199863839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371505.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter addresses the question of how health reformers should develop and carry out political strategies in order to improve the chances that their plan will be adopted and put into action. It ... More


From Diagnosis to Health-Sector Reform

Marc J. Roberts, William Hsiao, Peter Berman, and Michael R. Reich

in Getting Health Reform Right: A Guide to Improving Performance and Equity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195371505
eISBN:
9780199863839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371505.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Once health-sector reformers have decided which performance problems to focus on—that is, once they have decided on their strategic priorities—they have to go on to the next stages of the policy ... More


The Health-Reform Cycle

Marc J. Roberts, William Hsiao, Peter Berman, and Michael R. Reich

in Getting Health Reform Right: A Guide to Improving Performance and Equity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195371505
eISBN:
9780199863839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371505.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an introduction to the policy cycle for health-sector reform. It discusses the six stages of the process: problem definition, diagnosis, policy development, political decision, ... More


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