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The Variable Value of Life and Fairness to the Already Ill: Two Promising but Tenuous Arguments for Treatment’s Priority

Paul T. Menzel

in Prevention vs. Treatment: What's the Right Balance?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199837373
eISBN:
9780199919499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199837373.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

When prevention and treatment equally save real lives and avoid real suffering, their results appear to have equivalent value. This creates a strong initial case for a policy of priority equivalence ... More


Prevention vs. Cure: An Economist’s Perspective on the Right Balance

Louise B. Russell

in Prevention vs. Treatment: What's the Right Balance?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199837373
eISBN:
9780199919499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199837373.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Three questions are addressed in this chapter: Does prevention reduce medical costs? Does the U.S. spend too little on prevention? Should it spend more (and if so, on what)? Since much of the ... More


The World Health Organization between North and South

Nitsan Chorev

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450655
eISBN:
9780801463921
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450655.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Since 1948, the World Health Organization (WHO) has launched numerous programs aimed at improving health conditions around the globe. In setting global health priorities and carrying out initiatives, ... More


Saving People from the Harm of Death

Espen Gamlund and Carl Tollef Solberg (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many people believe that death is one of the worst things that can happen to us. At the same time, the incident of death cannot be experienced. This raises philosophical questions about how and to ... More


The Badness of Death for Us, the Worth in Us, and Priorities in Saving Lives

Samuel J. Kerstein

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Carl Tollef Solberg and Espen Gamlund suggest that in allocating scarce, life-saving resources we ought to consider how bad death would be for those who would die if left untreated. We have moral ... More


Epicurean Challenges to the Disvalue of Death

Carl Tollef Solberg

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In global health, several practices rely on the assumption that death has a disvalue for those who die. This includes the fact that we prioritize extending human lives rather than creating new ones, ... More


Age, Death, and the Allocation of Life-Saving Resources

Espen Gamlund

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Each year policymakers around the world must make hard decisions about how to allocate scarce health care resources. Given the scarcity of many life-saving interventions, making allocation decisions ... More


People Aren’t Replaceable: Why It’s Better to Extend Lives than to Create New Ones

Michelle Hutchinson

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to commonly used global health metrics such as the Quality-Adjusted Life Year (QALY), saving an infant’s life seems to be no better than letting that infant die and bringing into existence ... More


Deprivation and Identity

Jens Johansson

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Don Marquis famously argues that abortion is typically immoral because it deprives the fetus of a future like yours and mine. He bases his argument on “animalism,” the view that human persons are ... More


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