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Literacy and Mothering: How Women’s Schooling Changes the Lives of the World's Children

Robert A. LeVine, Sarah LeVine, Beatrice Schnell-Anzola, Meredith L. Rowe, and Emily Dexter

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195309829
eISBN:
9780199932733
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309829.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Decades of research have shown that women’s school attainment is correlated with reduced child mortality and fertility in developing countries – without clarifying the processes involved. This book ... More


Mothers as Pupils in Health Care Settings

Robert A. Levine, Sarah E. Levine, Beatrice Schnell-Anzola, Meredith L. Rowe, and Emily Dexter

in Literacy and Mothering: How Women’s Schooling Changes the Lives of the World's Children

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195309829
eISBN:
9780199932733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309829.003.0046
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In this chapter the literacy-mediation hypothesis – that the acquisition of academic literacy influences health literacy and health navigation skills – is tested in the four-country data and the ... More


Barriers to Health Information and Building Solutions

Talya Miron-Shatz, Ingrid Mühlhauser, Bruce Bower, Michael Diefenbach, Ben Goldacre, Richard S. W. Smith, David Spiegelhalter, and Odette Wegwarth

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Most stakeholders in the health care system—doctors, patients, and policy makers—have not been taught to apply evidence-based information to the many decisions that must be made daily. Little ... More


Reading Disclosures

Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl E. Schneider

in More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161709
eISBN:
9781400850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161709.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter explains how literacy problems complicate the process involved in making informed decisions. Many people are unable to read many disclosures because they are not literate or numerate ... More


Understanding and Remembering

Leslie R. Martin, Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

in Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380408
eISBN:
9780199864454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter begins with an overview of the encoding, storage, and retrieval of memories. Important to the encoding process are attention, focus, understanding, and the agility of the working memory. ... More


What Is Needed for Better Health Care: Better Systems, Better Patients or Both?

Markus A. Feufel, Gerd Antes, Johann Steurer, Gerd Gigerenzer, J. A. Muir Gray, Marjukka Mäkelä, Albert G. Mulley, David E. Nelson, Jay Schulkin, Holger Schünemann, John E. Wennberg, and Claudia Wild

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Patients’ health illiteracy is, in part, a consequence of how the health care system has been set up. Conversely, the flaws of the health care system and the interest groups it caters to can only ... More


Launching the Century of the Patient

Gerd Gigerenzer and J. A. Muir Gray

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Efficient health care requires informed doctors and patients. The health care system inherited from the 20th century falls short on both counts. Many doctors and most patients do not understand the ... More


Health Research Agendas and Funding

David E. Nelson

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

There is a large range of national public funding support for health research across countries. By contrast, allocations for overall funding for health literacy and related research areas are ... More


Getting the outcome measure right

Richard F. Heller

in Evidence for Population Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529743
eISBN:
9780191723919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529743.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the individual and the population approaches to assessing health outcomes. Death, hospitalization, quality of life, cost, disability, inequality, and health literacy are ... More


Oral Health

Myron Allukian and Alice M. Horowitz

in Social Injustice and Public Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195171853
eISBN:
9780199865352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171853.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the impact of social injustice on oral health. It defines oral health and describes the oral disease epidemic. A box in the chapter describes social inequalities in oral health ... More


How Will Health Care Professionals and Patients Work Together in 2020?: A Manifesto for Change

Ralph Hertwig, Heather Buchan, David A. Davis, Wolfgang Gaissmaier, Martin Härter, Kai Kolpatzik, France Légaré, Norbert Schmacke, and Holger Wormer

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This report calls for a change in health care, while acknowledging that health care systems are highly complex systems for which there is no simple solution. The starting premise is that one needs to ... More


Challenges to Interpersonal Communication

Lisa I. Iezzoni and Bonnie L. O'Day

in More than Ramps: A Guide to Improving Health Care Quality and Access for People with Disabilities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172768
eISBN:
9780199865710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172768.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter starts by describing the importance of interpersonal communication and relationships between patients and clinicians for ensuring high quality health care, drawing upon numerous studies ... More


Health returns on education and educational systems

Johann Carstensen and Monika Jungbauer-Gans

in Education Systems and Inequalities: International Comparisons

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447326106
eISBN:
9781447326212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447326106.003.0015
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Empirical evidence shows that a correlation exists between several dimensions of social inequality and health. The central dimension of social inequality that influences most life chances is ... More


Shared decision making, health literacy, and patient empowerment

Marion McAllister

in Shared Decision Making in Health Care: Achieving evidence-based patient choice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198723448
eISBN:
9780191790096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723448.003.0036
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Shared decision making (SDM), health literacy, and patient empowerment are related, partially overlapping constructs, all associated with patient-centred care. SDM focuses on the communication and ... More


Making sense of numbers about health risks—The Facts Box

Michelle McDowell

in Shared Decision Making in Health Care: Achieving evidence-based patient choice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198723448
eISBN:
9780191790096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723448.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

People are frequently faced with the task of making a variety of health decisions, from decisions about preventative screening, to taking medications, or deciding whether or not to have a surgical ... More


My iPod, YouTube, and our playlists: Connections made in and beyond therapy

Carmen Cheong-Clinch

in Handbook of Music, Adolescents, and Wellbeing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198808992
eISBN:
9780191846694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808992.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter will outline young people’s music listening engagement, particularly those who have mental illness, who are often seen to be isolated and disengaged from school and everyday life. Their ... More


Flourishing and Positive Education

Jacolyn M. Norrish

in Positive Education: The Geelong Grammar School Journey

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198702580
eISBN:
9780191772283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702580.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

The Model of Positive Education is a flexible, science-informed framework for supporting the flourishing of students, staff, and school communities. This chapter explores the primary objective of ... More


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