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Reflections on the UK legacy of health inequities research, from the perspective of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)

Johanna Hanefeld

in Health Inequalities: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198703358
eISBN:
9780191772603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703358.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reflects health inequities from the perspective of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). It highlights the difficulties facing those working with extremely limited (often unstable) ... More


Epidemiologic Theory Counts: Harm, Knowledge, Action, and the People’s Health

Nancy Krieger

in Epidemiology and the People’s Health: Theory and Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195383874
eISBN:
9780199893607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383874.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Chapter 8 analyzes how people's health has been harmed—or helped—depending on epidemiologic theory employed. For “harm,” case examples are: (1) hormone therapy, cardiovascular disease, and breast ... More


Introduction

TIMOTHY EVANS, MARGARET WHITEHEAD, FINN DIDERICHSEN, ABBAS BHUIYA, and MEG WIRTH

in Challenging Inequities in Health: From Ethics to Action

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195137408
eISBN:
9780199863983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137408.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter introduces the issue of unacceptable disparities in health that exist between different groups within societies: between poor, middle-income and rich groups, between urban and rural, and ... More


Social inequalities in health

Nancy Krieger

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199685004
eISBN:
9780191765315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685004.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Teaching about social inequalities in health is fundamental to epidemiology, substantively and methodologically. At issue is understanding how we embody inequity, what can be done to prevent this, ... More


Exploring A Sufficiency View of Health Equity1

Yukiko Asada

in Health Inequalities and Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780748646920
eISBN:
9780748676682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748646920.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

To determine which health inequalities are morally problematic – inequitable –, most serious philosophical investigation, to date, has focused on causes of health inequalities. An underlying premise ... More


An Ethnographic Evaluation of Post-Alma Ata Health System Reforms in Mongolia: Lessons for Addressing Health Inequities in Poor Communities

Craig R. Janes

in Anthropology and Public Health: Bridging Differences in Culture and Society

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195374643
eISBN:
9780199865390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374643.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Globally, post-Alma Ata health care system reforms have included reorganization of government health agencies, establishment of rationalized, evidence-based systems of care, implementation of user ... More


Urban Health Inequities

Ana V. Diez Roux

in Urban Public Health: A Research Toolkit for Practice and Impact

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190885304
eISBN:
9780190885335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190885304.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter introduces the concept of urban health inequities and reviews approaches to describing the magnitude of inequities. It highlights some of the dynamic processes that contribute to health ... More


Health Equity and the Societal Determinants of Health

Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Yogan Pillay, and Timothy H. Holtz

in Textbook of Global Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199392285
eISBN:
9780199392315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199392285.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Operationalizing our political economy of health framework, this chapter introduces the role of societal determinants and determination of health (SDOH) in producing health and disease at multiple, ... More


Ecosocial Theory of Disease Distribution: Embodying Societal & Ecologic Context

Nancy Krieger

in Epidemiology and the People’s Health: Theory and Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195383874
eISBN:
9780199893607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383874.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Chapter 7 introduces a newer variant of social epidemiologic theory: ecologically-informed approaches, especially the ecosocial theory of disease distribution, first proposed by this book's author in ... More


Bangladesh: An Intervention Study of Factors Underlying Increasing Equity in Child Survival

ABBAS BHUIYA, MUSHTAQUE CHOWDHURY, FARUQUE AHMED, and ALAYNE M. ADAMS

in Challenging Inequities in Health: From Ethics to Action

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195137408
eISBN:
9780199863983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137408.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the separate and joint health benefits arising from a rural development program designed to promote the rights and status of poor women, and a maternal child health program in ... More


Embodying (In)justice and Embodied Truths: Using Ecosocial Theory to Analyze Population Health Data

Nancy Krieger

in Ecosocial Theory, Embodied Truths, and the People's Health

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780197510728
eISBN:
9780197510759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510728.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Chapter 2 discusses application of ecosocial theory to analyze the health impacts of Jim Crow and its legal abolition, racialized and economic breast cancer inequities involving the breast cancer ... More


What Can a Commissioner Do About Health Inequalities?

Julie Sin

in Commissioning and a Population Approach to Health Services Decision-Making

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198840732
eISBN:
9780191876400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198840732.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter looks at the role of a health services commissioning function (or equivalent planning function) in addressing health inequalities of access and outcomes of services. Working definitions ... More


Epidemiology and the People’s Health: Theory and Context

Nancy Krieger

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195383874
eISBN:
9780199893607
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383874.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Epidemiology is often referred to as the science of public health. However, unlike other major sciences, its theoretical foundations are rarely articulated. While the idea of epidemiologic theory may ... More


Data on Health: What Do We Know, What Do We Need to Know, and Why Does it Matter

Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Yogan Pillay, and Timothy H. Holtz

in Textbook of Global Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199392285
eISBN:
9780199392315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199392285.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

What do health data tell us and why do they matter so much? While a political economy approach to health can help to identify the factors that affect health and health inequities in theoretical ... More


New Questions and Answers about Embodied Social Inequalities

Jason Beckfield

in Political Sociology and the People's Health

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190492472
eISBN:
9780190492502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190492472.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

How might the political-sociological concepts reviewed in Chapter 1 contribute to the distribution of population health? To connect the dots, the author begins this chapter with a reconsideration of ... More


Health Disparities: Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Class

Alison G.M. Brown and Sara C. Folta

in Food and Public Health: A Practical Introduction

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190626686
eISBN:
9780190626716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190626686.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Diet- and nutrition-related health disparities and inequities are a growing issue globally and nationally. This chapter explores how race, ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status influence ... More


Climate Change, Global Justice, and Health Inequities

Sharon Friel

in Climate Change and the People's Health

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190492731
eISBN:
9780190492762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190492731.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter explains the role of human activities in driving climate change, and some of its most significant impacts. It discusses justice issues raised by climate change, including causal ... More


It’s a Consumptagenic World: Producing Climate Change, Exacerbating Health Inequities

Sharon Friel

in Climate Change and the People's Health

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190492731
eISBN:
9780190492762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190492731.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter identifies a system in which some of the key drivers of health inequity fuel climate change, which in turn fuels further inequity. This process is based on excessive production and ... More


Unequal Opportunity: Health Disparities Affecting Gay and Bisexual Men in the United States

Richard J. Wolitski, Ron Stall, and Ronald O. Valdiserri (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301533
eISBN:
9780199863815
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301533.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Most public health students, academicians, and practitioners readily recognize the association between racial/ethnic minority status and the disproportionate burden of preventable disease in the ... More


Health Inequality, Health Inequity, and Health Spending

Anthony B. Atkinson

in Inequalities in Health: Concepts, Measures, and Ethics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199931392
eISBN:
9780199345731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931392.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Health inequalities are at the forefront of public debate in many countries, including the United States and the European Union. Governments have in recent years set in place programmes to tackle ... More


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