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Key concepts and definitions

Mitch Blair, Sarah Stewart-Brown, Tony Waterston, and Rachel Crowther

in Child Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199547500
eISBN:
9780191720123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547500.003.005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter presents a number of concepts from the fields of public health and child health that are useful in the exploration of child public health. The chapter is divided into four broad themes: ... More


Non-monetary effects and monetary benefits

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199237814
eISBN:
9780191717215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237814.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter deals with how to measure and value different degrees of health improvements — in health terms and in monetary terms. Beyond the valuation of improved health per se, the chapter ... More


The evolution of the public health function in England (2): 1997–2009

David J Hunter, Linda Marks, and Katherine E Smith

in The public health system in England

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424631
eISBN:
9781447303978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424631.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter reviews the policy and organisational changes that have occurred since 1997 following a change of government. New Labour sought to accord a high priority to the health of the public and ... More


Placing health: Neighbourhood renewal, health improvement and complexity

Tim Blackman

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346117
eISBN:
9781447302971
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346117.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Where people live matters to their health. Health-improvement strategies often target where people live, but do they work? This book tackles this question by exploring new theoretical, empirical, and ... More


Introduction

David J Hunter, Linda Marks, and Katherine E Smith

in The public health system in England

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424631
eISBN:
9781447303978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424631.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This book sets the scene for the series by comprehensively assessing and critiquing the current state of the public health system in England. It places contemporary challenges and concerns in their ... More


Conclusion: neighbourhoods in the wider picture

Tim Blackman

in Placing health: Neighbourhood renewal, health improvement and complexity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346117
eISBN:
9781447302971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346117.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the relation between neighbourhood renewal and health improvement. It highlights the potential of neighbourhoods as places for engagement for ... More


Prevention vs. Cure: An Economist’s Perspective on the Right Balance

Louise B. Russell

in Prevention vs. Treatment: What's the Right Balance?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199837373
eISBN:
9780199919499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199837373.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Three questions are addressed in this chapter: Does prevention reduce medical costs? Does the U.S. spend too little on prevention? Should it spend more (and if so, on what)? Since much of the ... More


Public Health: Three Key Domains

Julie Sin

in Commissioning and a Population Approach to Health Services Decision-Making

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198840732
eISBN:
9780191876400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198840732.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter is about the terminology and practice of the public health specialty to assist insight into its connections with health services for populations. Public health practice is about ... More


Health services for health promotion and disease prevention

Jenifer Smith and James Mapstone

in Healthcare Public Health: Improving health services through population science

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198837206
eISBN:
9780191873966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198837206.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

The importance of social and environmental factors in determining the health status of a population provides the context for the role of health services in health promotion and disease prevention. ... More


Hong Kong

C. K. Law and Paul S. F. Yip

in Suicide in Asia: Causes and Prevention

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099425
eISBN:
9789882207431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099425.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter examines changes in the profiles of completed suicides in Hong Kong and explores the association of suicide rates with changes in the socio-economic environment over the period ... More


Developing Plans for Change: A Framework for Designing a High-Value Health System

Rifat Atun

in Building a High-Value Health System

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780197528549
eISBN:
9780197528570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197528549.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Chapter 5 presents a semi-structured plan for each work group to produce one system intervention plan (SIP) for their country. Taking the components of their health system, its underlying system ... More


Testing the Change, Improving the Plan

Rifat Atun

in Building a High-Value Health System

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780197528549
eISBN:
9780197528570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197528549.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Chapter 6 introduces the students to a proprietary framework and tools to test, refine, and prepare each student’s system improvement plan (SIP) for implementation. The students revisit their country ... More


CityHealth: Policies for Today’s Urban Health Challenges

Brian C. Castrucci, Elizabeth A. Corcoran, Shelley L. Hearne, Katie Keith, Elizabeth Voyles, and Catherine Patterson

in Urban Health

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190915858
eISBN:
9780190915889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190915858.003.0032
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The De Beaumont Foundation CityHealth project aims to provide city leaders in the United States with both an assessment of their communities and with a package of policy solutions that they can use ... More


Electoral Competition, Polarization, and the Breakdown of Elite-Led Social Learning

Eric M. Patashnik, Alan S. Gerber, and Conor M. Dowling

in Unhealthy Politics: The Battle over Evidence-Based Medicine

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691203225
eISBN:
9780691208565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691203225.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter evaluates the politics of the Obama administration's effort to promote comparative effectiveness research (CER) as the scientific foundation of health care quality improvements and cost ... More


The Interpretive Framework and the Reform (as opposed to the Abolition) of Mental Health Law

Kay Wilson

in Mental Health Law: Abolish or Reform?

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780192843258
eISBN:
9780191925795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192843258.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

Having rejected the abolition of mental health law in Chapters 4 to 7, Chapter 8 explores the possibility of the reform of mental health law. It explains the Mental Capacity with Support and Support ... More


Computer- Based Assessment

Philip Schatz

in The Role of Technology in Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190234737
eISBN:
9780197559543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190234737.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, Virtual Reality

Since the 1950s, academic and researchers have examined artificial intelligence and the use of computers for assistance with, or automation of, data collection (Schatz & Browndyke, 2002). In the ... More


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