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Health Statistics: Shaping policy and practice to improve the population's health

Daniel J. Friedman, Edward L. Hunter, and R. Gibson Parrish (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149289
eISBN:
9780199865130
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Health statistics have been an essential tool for improving the health of populations for centuries. This book provides an account of the essential concepts and complex underpinnings of health ... More


Sinai’s Improving Community Health Survey:: Methodology and Key Findings

Ami M. Shah and Steven Whitman

in Urban Health: Combating Disparities with Local Data

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199731190
eISBN:
9780199866465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731190.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

In response to growing inequities in health, the Sinai Health System conducted a survey that has altered the way public health data are used in Chicago. The Sinai Urban Health Institute (SUHI), a ... More


Principles & Practice of Public Health Surveillance

Lisa M. Lee, Steven M. Teutsch, Stephen B. Thacker, and Michael E. St. Louis (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195372922
eISBN:
9780199866090
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372922.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

A focus on preparedness resulting from the bombing of the World Trade Center in 2001, advances in electronic and information technologies resulting in new ways of collecting and sharing health ... More


Recent Developments in Health Information: An International Perspective

Jennifer Zelmer, Shazeen Virani, and Jennifer Walker

in Health Statistics: Shaping policy and practice to improve the population's health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149289
eISBN:
9780199865130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview of the status of recent developments in health information at a national level in selected developed countries, including common strategies, trends, and future ... More


Identifiable Health Information and the Public's Health: Practice, Research, and Policy

James G. Hodge, Jr., Richard E. Hoffman, Deborah W. Tress, and Verla S. Neslund

in Law in Public Health Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301489
eISBN:
9780199863822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301489.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines some of the difficult issues at the intersection of public health, data uses, and individual interests. It describes some of the fundamental uses and disclosures of identifiable ... More


Urban Health: Combating Disparities with Local Data

Steven Whitman, Ami Shah, and Maureen Benjamins

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199731190
eISBN:
9780199866465
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731190.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The 1980s opened a discussion of the varying nature of health in different segments of the United States. Falling under the rubric of ‘health disparities’, a great deal of research has been published ... More


Communicating Data for Policy or Program Advocacy

David E. Nelson, Bradford W. Hesse, and Robert T. Croyle

in Making Data Talk: The Science and Practice of Translating Public Health Research and Surveillance Findings to Policy Makers, the Public, and the Press

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381535
eISBN:
9780199864782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381535.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Policies and programs impact the public's health. This chapter covers the selection and presentation of data for public health advocacy efforts for policies or programs, with policy or other decision ... More


Sources of Data on Disease Occurrence

Thomas D. Koepsell and Noel S. Weiss

in Epidemiologic Methods: Studying the Occurrence of Illness

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150780
eISBN:
9780199865161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150780.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Epidemiologists are often data scavengers. Using pre-existing data can allow a study to be done more cheaply, more quickly, and often on a larger scale than if new data collection were required. This ... More


Introduction

David E. Nelson, Bradford W. Hesse, and Robert T. Croyle

in Making Data Talk: The Science and Practice of Translating Public Health Research and Surveillance Findings to Policy Makers, the Public, and the Press

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381535
eISBN:
9780199864782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381535.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter provides an overview of challenges and opportunities faced by scientists and practitioners who want to communicate public health data or other scientific information to lay ... More


Communication Fundamentals

David E. Nelson, Bradford W. Hesse, and Robert T. Croyle

in Making Data Talk: The Science and Practice of Translating Public Health Research and Surveillance Findings to Policy Makers, the Public, and the Press

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381535
eISBN:
9780199864782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381535.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Providing large amounts of scientific data and expecting them to “speak for themselves” is wishful thinking: public health data selection and presentation requires careful consideration. This chapter ... More


Bodies in the Cloud: A Geography of Electronic Health Data

Nicholas Bauch

in Regulating the Cloud: Policy for Computing Infrastructure

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029407
eISBN:
9780262331166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029407.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

This chapter takes a geographical perspective on a medical biotechnology known as Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN). WBANs generate, transmit, store, and retrieve information about the biological ... More


Making Data Talk: The Science and Practice of Translating Public Health Research and Surveillance Findings to Policy Makers, the Public, and the Press

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381535
eISBN:
9780199864782
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381535.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book reviews the science and art of communicating data, that is, “the numbers” to lay audiences. It reviews the vast and varied literature on this topic to provide practical advice on whether, ... More


Conclusions and New Challenges

David E. Nelson, Bradford W. Hesse, and Robert T. Croyle

in Making Data Talk: The Science and Practice of Translating Public Health Research and Surveillance Findings to Policy Makers, the Public, and the Press

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381535
eISBN:
9780199864782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381535.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reflects on implications of previous chapters and identifies key challenges. Public health professionals may fail to recognize their own epistemology, i.e., their assumptions that ... More


Data sources and their utilization

Manolis Kogevinas

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Mortality statistics remain the most widely available health data sources. The availability of adequate mortality data in more than 100 countries is the most important achievement of that last fifty ... More


Communicative Processes and Maternal Behavior

Robert A. Levine, Sarah E. Levine, Beatrice Schnell-Anzola, Meredith L. Rowe, and Emily Dexter

in Literacy and Mothering: How Women’s Schooling Changes the Lives of the World's Children

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195309829
eISBN:
9780199932733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309829.003.0057
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter concludes the book by summarizing its theory and research findings and emphasizing the centrality of communicative processes in the effects of schooling on maternal behavior related to ... More


Exploring Temporal and Spatial Patterns in Public Health Surveillance Data

Owen Devine

in Monitoring the Health of Populations: Statistical Principles and Methods for Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195146493
eISBN:
9780199864928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146493.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a collection of easy-to-use, yet intuitively reasonable approaches for exploratory investigations of public health monitoring data. The focus is primarily on one- and ... More


Data on Health: What Do We Know, What Do We Need to Know, and Why Does it Matter

Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Yogan Pillay, and Timothy H. Holtz

in Textbook of Global Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199392285
eISBN:
9780199392315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199392285.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

What do health data tell us and why do they matter so much? While a political economy approach to health can help to identify the factors that affect health and health inequities in theoretical ... More


Information Security of Health Data: Electronic Health Information Security and Privacy

Sharona Hoffman and Andy Podgurski

in Harboring Data: Information Security, Law, and the Corporation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804760089
eISBN:
9780804772594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804760089.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter analyzes electronic health data security vulnerabilities and the legal framework that has been established to address them. It describes the wide-ranging threats to health information ... More


Use of record linkage in small-area studies

E. Pukkala

in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622358
eISBN:
9780191723636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622358.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses record linkage in small-area studies. Record linkage refers to the combination of data items, often from different files, for a certain unit of observation. In epidemiology, ... More


Measuring and Rewarding Performance: Imposing Change from above in the United Kingdom

Rebecca Kolins Givan

in The Challenge to Change: Reforming Health Care on the Front Line in the United States and the United Kingdom

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780801450051
eISBN:
9781501706028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450051.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter demonstrates that in both the United States and the United Kingdom, government and private entities such as the media distill various health care data into comparable information and use ... More


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