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Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

David Crawford, Robert W. Jeffery, Kylie Ball, and Johannes Brug (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Although recognized clinically for some time as an important condition that increases risk of ill-health in affected individuals, it is only recently that obesity had been recognized as a ... More


A More Equitable and Efficient Approach to Insuring the Uninsurable

Eric Helland and Jonathan Klick

in The Fragmentation of U.S. Health Care: Causes and Solutions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390131
eISBN:
9780199775934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390131.003.010
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter argues that although concern for individuals with relatively high expected health care costs may justify significant cross-subsidization on normative grounds, it makes sense as a matter ... More


Costs and discounting

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199237814
eISBN:
9780191717215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237814.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores the other two key parameters in the cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness formulae: how to measure costs and the principle of discounting. While cost calculations may sound like a ... More


Prevention vs. Cure: An Economist’s Perspective on the Right Balance

Louise B. Russell

in Prevention vs. Treatment: What's the Right Balance?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199837373
eISBN:
9780199919499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199837373.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Three questions are addressed in this chapter: Does prevention reduce medical costs? Does the U.S. spend too little on prevention? Should it spend more (and if so, on what)? Since much of the ... More


Financial Threats and Self-Undermining Rhetoric

Adam Seth Levine

in American Insecurity: Why Our Economic Fears Lead to Political Inaction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162966
eISBN:
9781400852130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162966.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter provides an overview of the book's main themes. This book examines the political consequences of threats to Americans' financial well-being and in particular why they might not motivate ... More


The Gordian Knot

David A. Shore and Eric D. Kupferberg

in High Stakes: The Critical Role of Stakeholders in Health Care

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195326253
eISBN:
9780199897285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326253.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter looks at the value in health care in the United States. Section 2.1 considers what we get for the dollars spent in the United States. Section 2.2 identifies the price inflators that are ... More


The Role of Technology in Expenditure Growth in Healthcare

Amitabh Chandra and Jonathan Holmes

in The Future of Healthcare Reform In the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226254951
eISBN:
9780226255002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226255002.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter presents a summary of the 2012 article “Technology Growth and Expenditure Growth in Health Care” by Amitabh Chandra and Jonathan Skinner. It addresses the fact that most of the growth in ... More


The Scientific Management of Life—and Death: Part I

Simon Head

in The New Ruthless Economy: Work and Power in the Digital Age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195179835
eISBN:
9780199850211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179835.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter examines the application of scientific management in the medical sector in the U.S. The decline of the old fee-for-service system of health insurance has set the scene for the rise of ... More


Working toward Better Health and Greater Satisfaction

David A. Shore and Eric D. Kupferberg

in High Stakes: The Critical Role of Stakeholders in Health Care

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195326253
eISBN:
9780199897285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326253.003.0039
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses how different purchasers have endeavored to hold down health-related expenses while purchasing health care access for their beneficiaries. It presents a case vignette about a ... More


Health economics and health promotion

Colin Palfrey

in The Future for Health Promotion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447341239
eISBN:
9781447341277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447341239.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the techniques used by health economists to evaluate the value for money of health promotion initiatives. It first provides an overview of concepts related to economics and ... More


Introduction: The History, Policies, and Structures That Shape Health Care Regulation

Robert I. Field

in Health Care Regulation in America: Complexity, Confrontation, and Compromise

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195159684
eISBN:
9780199864423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159684.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents background on the nature of health policy and the role of regulation in translating policy into action. It describes the fundamental policy goals of improving quality, enhancing ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


The Ethics of America's Health Care Debate

Tsung-mei Cheng and Uwe E. Reinhardt (eds)

in Uniting America: Restoring the Vital Center to American Democracy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300108569
eISBN:
9780300133189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300108569.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

American health policy is a paradox: it is extremely generous—as reflected by the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990—yet neglects hard-working, low-income families such as those of poorly paid ... More


Discussion

Amy Finkelstein, Kenneth J. Arrow, Jonathan Gruber, Joseph P. Newhouse, and Joseph E. Stiglitz

in Moral Hazard in Health Insurance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163804
eISBN:
9780231538688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163804.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

This chapter presents the discussion between the audience members and the lecturer Amy Finkelstein, and commentators Kenneth J. Arrow and Joseph E. Stiglitz. The audience members initially raised a ... More


Palliative care in hospitals

Amy S. Kelley, Daniel J. Fischberg, and R. Sean Morrison

in A Public Health Perspective on End of Life Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199599400
eISBN:
9780191739170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599400.003.0060
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter discusses hospital-based palliative care programmes. There are rapid advances in medical therapies and, partly as a result, meeting the care needs of patients in palliative care is ... More


The Promise of European Regulation of New Health Technologies in a Time of Ageing Populations

Amanda Warren‐Jones

in European Law and New Health Technologies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199659210
eISBN:
9780191748165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659210.003.0021
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Medical Law

This chapter emphasizes two aspects for discussions of health technologies: their contribution to the improvement of personal and public health and their growing importance in the cost determination ... More


Measuring and Modeling Health Care Costs

Ana Aizcorbe, Colin Baker, Ernst R. Berndt, and David M. Cutler (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226530857
eISBN:
9780226530994
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226530994.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

National statistical agencies keep good track of how medical care dollars are spent—how much is paid to hospitals, physicians’ offices, pharmaceutical companies, and the like. However, it has proven ... More


Health, Economic, and Social Consequences of Obesity

Melvin Delgado

in Social Justice and the Urban Obesity Crisis: Implications for Social Work

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160094
eISBN:
9780231534253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160094.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter examines the health, economic, and social consequences of obesity. Being overweight or obese carries multifaceted consequences, both obvious and hidden, for individuals, families, ... More


The Sources of Cost Difference in Health Insurance Plans: A Decomposition Analysis

Matthew Eichner, Mark McClellan, and David A. Wise (eds)

in Themes in the Economics of Aging

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226902845
eISBN:
9780226903330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226903330.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

Almost two-thirds of Americans under age sixty-five are covered by employer insurance plans. Like Medicare costs, employer medical costs have also risen quickly in recent years, and in many respects, ... More


Financing Medicare: A General Equilibrium Analysis

Orazio Attanasio, Sagiri Kitao, and Giovanni L. Violante

in Demography and the Economy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226754727
eISBN:
9780226754758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226754758.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter deals with the long-term financing of Medicare in the United States. The chapter provides a model that features employer-provided health insurance, Medicare for the elderly, and Social ... More


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