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Organized Labor's Health Benefits

Jill Quadagno

in One Nation, Uninsured: Why the U.S. Has No National Health Insurance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160390
eISBN:
9780199944026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160390.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter studies trade unions and how they helped promote the emerging private health insurance system, showing that the trade unions also led the drive for Medicare and disability insurance. It ... More


Rx: Volunteer: A Prescription for Healthy Aging

Adam S. Hirschfelder and Sabrina L. Reilly

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter outlines one potentially useful yet, to date, virtually unexamined practical public health application of the research on the health benefits of volunteerism — the involvement of primary ... More


Close Relationships and Health Through the Lens of Selective Investment Theory

Stephanie L. Brown, R. Michael Brown, Ashley Schiavone, and Dylan M. Smith

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter reviews a program of research that was designed to explore the health benefits of helping or giving support to others. This work was inspired by a new evolutionary theory of altruism, ... More


Befriending Man's Best Friends: Does Altruism Toward Animals Promote Psychological and Physical Health?

Marivic Dizon, Lisa D. Butler, and Cheryl Koopman

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

In recent decades, researchers in the health and social science fields have begun investigating the psychological and physical health benefits of the human-animal bond, which can be described as a ... More


Estimating State and Local Government Pension and Retiree Health Care Liabilities

Stephen T. McElhaney

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Liabilities for pension and retiree health-care benefits provided by US state and local governments are causing concerns for taxpayers and for those holding government bonds. Many question whether ... More


Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Stephen G. Post (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Does a kindly, charitable interest in others have health benefits for the agent, particularly when coupled with helping behaviours? Although the answer remains unclear, researchers have established ... More


Essential Health Benefits and the Affordable Care Act: Law and Process

Nicholas Bagley and Helen Levy

in The Future of Healthcare Reform In the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226254951
eISBN:
9780226255002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226255002.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter explores the questions of whether the benchmark approach to determine essential health benefits under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) is a lawful exercise of the Department of Health and ... More


Should the Value of Future Health Benefits Be Time-Discounted?

Paul T. Menzel

in Prevention vs. Treatment: What's the Right Balance?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199837373
eISBN:
9780199919499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199837373.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter provides a comprehensive normative assessment of discounting future health benefits back to present value in the same manner and degree as monetary costs and benefits, a practice that ... More


How the Government Created Private Health Insurance

Robert I. Field

in Mother of Invention: How the Government Created "Free-Market" Health Care

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199746750
eISBN:
9780199354528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746750.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Private health insurance emerged from the efforts of hospitals and physicians to devise alternative payment arrangements during the Great Depression. Two federal policiesfostered its spread during ... More


Music, Subjective Wellbeing, and Health: The Role of Everyday Emotions

Daniel Västfjäll, Patrik N. Juslin, and Terry Hartig

in Music, Health, and Wellbeing

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199586974
eISBN:
9780191738357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586974.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter presents a novel approach to music and health that focuses on exploring health benefits within everyday life contexts, with particular consideration of possible underlying mechanisms. ... More


Principles of economic evaluation

Sarah Willis

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Economic evaluation is an explicit way of valuing an intervention in terms of its opportunity cost. It is a transparent framework that helps determine the relationship between outcomes, in terms of ... More


Second-Generation Laws: Protecting Human Nonuse Interests

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter reviews second-generation laws that protect the nonuse health benefits that humans experience when public environmental goods are not employed as a pollution sink; preserve natural ... More


Career and Work Performance

Maureen Duffy and Len Sperry

in Mobbing: Causes, Consequences, and Solutions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195380019
eISBN:
9780199932764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380019.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the impact of workplace mobbing on job performance. How mobbing can result in voluntary or involuntary loss of employment with associated losses of health and retirement ... More


Retirement Income: Risks and Strategies

Mark J. Warshawsky

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016933
eISBN:
9780262301596
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016933.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

As members of the baby boom generation head into retirement, they face an economic environment that has changed noticeably since their parents retired. Most of these new retirees will not be ... More


The neighbourhood effect

Tim Blackman

in Placing health: Neighbourhood renewal, health improvement and complexity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346117
eISBN:
9781447302971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346117.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter evaluates the evidence for the existence of the so-called neighbourhood effect. It examines whether such effects can be considered independently rather than in causal combination with ... More


Employment and Finances

Peter J. Pecora, Ronald C. Kessler, Jason Williams, A. Chris Downs, Diana J. English, James White, and Kirk O'Brien

in What Works in Foster Care?: Key Components of Success From the Northwest Foster Care Alumni Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195175912
eISBN:
9780199865628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175912.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Previous research has shown that youth who have been placed in foster care experience a wide range of economic-related adversities after leaving care, such as homelessness, unemployment, and low ... More


Effects on Equal Treatment, Solidarity, and Comprehensiveness/Sufficiency

Carmelo Mesa-Lago

in Reassembling Social Security: A Survey of Pensions and Health Care Reforms in Latin America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199644612
eISBN:
9780191807022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199644612.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter first analyses five aspects of equal treatment and equity in health care: the standardization of benefits and subsistence of inequalities; financial equity (an analysis of WHO rankings); ... More


Retiree Health Benefits: Misfortune or Malpractice?

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0025
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines the regulatory issues surrounding retiree health benefits. Employers have played a role in retiree health care, although that role has dwindled over the last quarter century. ... More


A call for clearer vaccine exemption typology to improve population health

Erica Sutton and Ross Upshur

in Public health ethics and practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847421029
eISBN:
9781447303114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847421029.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter explores a central theme in public health ethics, specifically how far it is ethically defensible to use different forms of social influence to ensure that individuals comply with ... More


Health and exercise in the community

Naomi Brooks

in Social Determinantsof Health: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Social Inequality and Wellbeing

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447336846
eISBN:
9781447336891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447336846.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the health benefits of exercise and physical activity (PA) in the community. PA and exercise are known to improve a range of health outcomes. PA and exercise reduce the risk of ... More


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