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Monarchs

Iain Mclean

in What's Wrong with the British Constitution?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546954
eISBN:
9780191720031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546954.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

Purpose of a head of state. Executive and non‐executive heads of state in some democratic constitutions. Australian constitutional crisis 1975. Sir David Smith fails to wake the Queen's Private ... More


The Basic Constitutional Rules: Influence and the Prerogative

Vernon Bogdanor

in The Monarchy and the Constitution

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293347
eISBN:
9780191598821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293348.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The office of head of state should be distinguished from that of head of government. The head of state has three main functions. First, there are constitutional functions, which today are primarily ... More


Introduction: Rationale, Questions, Methods

Margit Tavits

in Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553327
eISBN:
9780191721007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553327.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Introduction discusses the practical, as well as theoretical, relevance of studying selection mechanisms for heads of state in parliamentary systems. It briefly reviews the relevant ... More


“This Fundamental Problem”: MacArthur Saves Hirohito

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes how MacArthur in late 1945 and early 1946 saved Hirohito from trial as a war criminal. Contacted by imperial advisers, MacArthur became convinced that Hirohito would cooperate in ... More


What's Wrong with the British Constitution?

Iain McLean

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546954
eISBN:
9780191720031
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546954.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

In this provocative new study, Iain McLean argues that the traditional story of the British constitution does not make sense. It purports to be both positive and normative: that is, to describe both ... More


Malaya

COLIN NEWBURY

in Patrons, Clients, and Empire: Chieftaincy and Over-rule in Asia, Africa, and the Pacific

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199257812
eISBN:
9780191717864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257812.003.10
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

British intervention in the Malay states from 1874 established a form of over-rule through residents. Experience in managing the Malay nobility and district heads within patrimonial systems of state ... More


Conclusions

Margit Tavits

in Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553327
eISBN:
9780191721007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553327.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The final chapter reviews the major findings. It also discusses the practical implications of these findings reiterating that the focus of constitution designers on the election mechanism of the head ... More


Austria: Imperfect Parliamentarism but Fully-fledged Party Democrac y

Wolfgang C. Müller

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Reviews the mechanisms of delegation and accountability in post-war Austria. Discusses how political parties structure these processes and analyses the institutional constraints on parliamentary ... More


Accountability

Aryeh Neier

in The International Human Rights Movement: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135151
eISBN:
9781400841875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135151.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter discusses that a major goal of the international human rights movement has been to secure accountability for especially grave abuses. This focus has led to the so-called “truth ... More


Privileges and Immunities

Stefan Talmon

in Recognition of Governments in International Law: With Particular Reference to Governments in Exile

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248391
eISBN:
9780191715334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248391.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

While host states have accorded certain privileges and immunities to both recognized governments in exile and authorities in exile not recognized as governments, only authorities in exile recognized ... More


The Immunity of States and Their Officials in Light of the Fundamental Rights of Individuals under International Law

Rosanne Van Alebeek

in The Immunity of States and Their Officials in International Criminal Law and International Human Rights Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199232475
eISBN:
9780191696558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232475.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Developments in international law no longer set limits in regulating state's behaviour against other states. Rather, it now extends to the regulation of the behaviour of states against their citizens ... More


2002 Draft II: Head of State and the Executive Branch

W. Elliot Bulmer

in Constituting Scotland: The Scottish National Movement and the Westminster Model

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748697595
eISBN:
9781474427128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748697595.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

This, the second of three central chapters examining the SNP’s 2002 constitutional text, focuses on the roles and powers of the head of state, the government and the executive branch. It discusses ... More


Discussing the Conduct of the President or Governor 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0043
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter criticises the Tamil Nadu assembly's suspension of Rule 92 (vii) of its rules of procedure in order to discuss the conduct of the State Governor Chenna Reddy. It explains that this rule ... More


Sovereign and Official Immunity

Curtis A. Bradley

in International Law in the U.S. Legal System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190217761
eISBN:
9780190217808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190217761.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Private International Law, Comparative Law

This chapter discusses three types of immunity in U.S. litigation: the immunity of foreign governments and their agencies and instrumentalities; the immunity of diplomats and consular officials; and ... More


An International Criminal Court

William A. Schabas

in The Trial of the Kaiser

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198833857
eISBN:
9780191872440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833857.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The earliest proposals for an international criminal court emerge during the sessions of the Commission on Responsibilities. The French insist that it will offer a ‘greater stage’, something that is ... More


The Legacy of the Charles Taylor Judgment: Challenging Selective Prosecutions of Political Leaders

Geert-Jan Alexander Knoops

in THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY YEARBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND JURISPRUDENCE: Global Trends: Law, Policy & Justice Essays in Honour of Professor Giuliana Ziccardi Capaldo

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199332304
eISBN:
9780190259815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199332304.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The conviction of former Liberian president Charles Taylor (1997–2003) on April 26, 2012 for aiding and abetting war crimes during the Sierra Leonean civil war (1991–2002) marked the first conviction ... More


One Size Does Not Fit All: The Provision and Interpretation of Presidential Term Limits

Tom Ginsburg and Zachary Elkins

in The Politics of Presidential Term Limits

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198837404
eISBN:
9780191874109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198837404.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Our chapter elaborates the distribution of term limit provisions across time and space. We draw on the Comparative Constitutions Project, which records data from written constitutions for independent ... More


The Ancient Hawaiian State

Robert J. Hommon

in The Ancient Hawaiian State: Origins of a Political Society

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199916122
eISBN:
9780199332823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916122.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter compares elements of the state as defined in chapter 7 with features of the early contact-era Hawaiian polities described in chapters 1–6 to establish that these polities were organized ... More


Introduction

Edward Chukwuemeke Okeke

in Jurisdictional Immunities of States and International Organizations

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190611231
eISBN:
9780190611262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190611231.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This chapter introduces the purpose of the book, which is to clarify the conceptual confusion that has bedeviled the proper understanding of both the jurisdictional immunities of States and of ... More


Government, War, and Refuge

Robert J. Hommon

in The Ancient Hawaiian State: Origins of a Political Society

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199916122
eISBN:
9780199332823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916122.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter describes the central government of a Hawaiian state, which consisted of a ruler (ali`i nui) or corulers who delegated power to and supervised a multilevel bureaucracy of chiefs whose ... More


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