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Undominated Diversity

Philippe Van Parijs

in Real Freedom for All: What (if Anything) Can Justify Capitalism?

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293576
eISBN:
9780191600074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293577.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Can one really claim to give as much real freedom as possible to those with least real freedom by giving to all the same basic income? What about those with less talents than others? What about the ... More


Understanding Disability

Deborah Beth Creamer

in Disability and Christian Theology: Embodied Limits and Constructive Possibilities

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369151
eISBN:
9780199871193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369151.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Religion and Society

This chapter adds complexity to descriptions of disability by introducing distinctions between “impairment,” “disability,” and “handicap.” It also describes the diversity of experiences located ... More


Andrew Reed (1787–1862)

Ian J. Shaw

in High Calvinists in Action: Calvinism and the City - Manchester and London, c. 1810-1860

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250776
eISBN:
9780191600739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250774.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Andrew Reed was called to the New Road Independent Chapel in the East End of London in 1811. Moving from an early adherence to high Calvinism into evangelical Calvinism, his pastoral ministry saw ... More


Disabled Education: A Critical Analysis of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

Ruth Colker

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814708101
eISBN:
9780814708002
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814708101.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Early Childhood and Elementary Education

Enacted in 1975, the Education for All Handicapped Children Act—now called the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)—provides all children with the right to a free and appropriate public ... More


Whose Rights?

James Griffin

in On Human Rights

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238781
eISBN:
9780191716478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238781.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Human infants are not normative agents. Neither are human foetuses, nor the severely mentally handicapped, nor sufferers from advanced dementia. This chapter addresses the following questions: Do ... More


Assisted Death as a Last Resort

Guenter Lewy

in Assisted Death in Europe and America: Four Regimes and Their Lessons

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199746415
eISBN:
9780199866151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746415.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents lessons that can be learned from the four regimes of assisted death examined in this study. The number of individuals who have sought aid in dying has been relatively small and ... More


Creation and Relation

Janet Martin Soskice

in The Kindness of God: Metaphor, Gender, and Religious Language

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269502
eISBN:
9780191683657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269502.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Religion and Literature

This chapter discusses the theologies of creation and the relation of human beings to God. It first examines the topics of Genesis and cites. It considers that the concerns of Genesis are different ... More


Defectives in the Land: Disability and Immigration in the Age of Eugenics

Douglas C. Baynton

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226364162
eISBN:
9780226364339
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226364339.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The movement to restrict immigration in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was primarily intended to keep people with disabilities, otherwise known as “defectives,” out of the United ... More


Dealing with the “Handicapped” of ALBA: Setting the Balance Right

John M. Kirk

in Healthcare Without Borders: Understanding Cuban Medical Internationalism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813061054
eISBN:
9780813051338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061054.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

A case study is presented of three countries that followed the Cuban model and provided an assessment of the needs of the disabled. Venezuela, Bolivia, and Ecuador are studied in some depth, and an ... More


The Impact of Stereotype Threat on Performance in Sports

Jeff Stone, Aina Chalabaev, and C. Keith Harrison

in Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732449
eISBN:
9780199918508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732449.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the role of stereotype threat in creating racial and gender differences in sports performance. During the last decade, scholars, journalists, and athletes relied on ... More


Embryos, Persons, and Other Human Beings

R. S. Downie and K. C. Calman

in Healthy Respect: Ethics in Health Care

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192624086
eISBN:
9780191723728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624086.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The question: ‘When does life begin?’ can be understood in a biological sense, but the important question is ‘When does life begin to matter morally?’ This question easily takes us to decisions about ... More


Conclusions

Nicholas Wald and Ian Leck

in Antenatal and Neonatal Screening

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192628268
eISBN:
9780191723605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628268.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter summarises the quantitative assessments of screening tests presented in the book. It estimates the impact of screening in reducing late-fetal and infant mortality and childhood handicap, ... More


Physical Disability and Handicap

Ian McDowell

in Measuring Health: A guide to rating scales and questionnaires

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195165678
eISBN:
9780199864034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165678.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

There are many scales to measure physical disability and functional capacity. These range from measures of bodily impairment, to measures of ability to perform basic daily tasks, up to measures of ... More


The Education for All Handicapped Children Act: Historical Evolution

Ruth Colker

in Disabled Education: A Critical Analysis of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814708101
eISBN:
9780814708002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814708101.003.0002
Subject:
Education, Early Childhood and Elementary Education

This chapter discusses the historical and legislative background to the adoption of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA) in 1975. It begins with an overview of the evolution of laws ... More


Understanding and Representing Space: Theory and Evidence from Studies with Blind and Sighted Children

Susanna Millar

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521426
eISBN:
9780191688416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521426.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book breaks new ground in the understanding of how one perceives and represent the space around people — one of the central topics in cognitive psychology. It presents a new view of development ... More


The Dimensions of Disability Oppression: An Overview

James I. Charlton

in Nothing About Us Without Us: Disability Oppression and Empowerment

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520207950
eISBN:
9780520925441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520207950.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The vast majority of people with disabilities have always been poor, powerless, and degraded. Disability oppression is a product of both the past and the present. Some aspects of disability ... More


Vulnerable Suspects

Peter Mirfield

in Silence, Confessions and Improperly Obtained Evidence

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198262695
eISBN:
9780191682391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262695.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

There are many causes of special vulnerability which may affect particular suspects who are interviewed by the police. For example, special problems clearly arise in the case of blind, illiterate, or ... More


Isolation as Starvation: John Dewey and a Philosophy of the Handicapped

John J. McDermott

in The Drama of Possibility: Experience as Philosophy of Culture

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823226627
eISBN:
9780823235704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823226627.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter presents an essay on John Dewey's philosophy about the handicapped. It argues against criticisms that view Dewey's thought as a Pollyanna vision, innocent of ... More


Amy Rowley

Ruth Colker

in Disabled Education: A Critical Analysis of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814708101
eISBN:
9780814708002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814708101.003.0003
Subject:
Education, Early Childhood and Elementary Education

This chapter describes the story of Amy Rowley and her family to show how the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA) has affected the lives of children with disabilities. It examines ... More


Michael Panico

Ruth Colker

in Disabled Education: A Critical Analysis of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814708101
eISBN:
9780814708002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814708101.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Early Childhood and Elementary Education

This chapter describes the story of Michael Panico and his family to show how the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA), which was later replaced by the Individuals with Disabilities ... More


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