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Tolerant Secularism and the Critique of Republican Neutrality

Cécile Laborde

in Critical Republicanism: The Hijab Controversy and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199550210
eISBN:
9780191720857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550210.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Political Theory

Chapter 3 presents two versions of the critique of the secular argument for the ban on hijab in schools. The first challenges the official republican interpretation of laïcité as a doctrine of ... More


The Experience of Left and Right

Geoffrey Lee

in Perceptual Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199289769
eISBN:
9780191711046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289769.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores the idea of ‘left—right phenomenal inversion’ and its relationship to the symmetries of the human body. Roughly, a subject is phenomenally left—right inverted with respect to ... More


Sex Differences in Human Behavior

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter begins with a discussion of the meaning of sex difference. It then considers conflicts arising from measurements of psychological sex differences. Sex differences in core gender identity ... More


Cognitive-Motor Skills

Kenneth M. Heilman

in Matter of Mind: A Neurologist's View of Brain-Behavior Relationships

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195144901
eISBN:
9780199865642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144901.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the brain mechanisms that underlie cognitive motor skills. Topics covered include movement memories or representations, praxis and handedness, and mechanical knowledge. To ... More


 Directions, hands, and charges

Frank Arntzenius

in Space, Time, and Stuff

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199696604
eISBN:
9780191738333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696604.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter develops an idea of Richard Feynman’s, namely the idea that anti-particles are nothing but particles travelling back in time, and the related idea that what is standardly called the CPT ... More


Brain Asymmetry in Vertebrates

Onur Güntürkün

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Until the 1970s, cerebral asymmetries were thought to be unique to humans. However, left-right differences of brain and function are not only widespread among mammals, but also among many other ... More


Evolutionary perspectives on sport and competition

Diana Wiedemann, Robert A Barton, and Russell A Hill

in Applied Evolutionary Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586073
eISBN:
9780191731358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586073.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the theoretical and empirical research into evolutionary aspects of four complex issues of human behaviour in sports. We highlight how evolutionary approaches have promoted our ... More


Objects

Barbara Landau and James E. Hoffman

in Spatial Representation: From Gene to Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195385373
eISBN:
9780199979189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385373.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

People with WS display severe deficits in visual copying tasks such as block construction. This deficit is not related to problems with early visual processes such as acuity or stereoscopic vision ... More


Simpson’s paradox—two examples and a bit more

Steve Selvin

in The Joy of Statistics: A Treasury of Elementary Statistical Tools and their Applications

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198833444
eISBN:
9780191872280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833444.003.0031
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Applied Mathematics

When data that are not homogeneous are combined they often produce a variety of results that are deceptive and likely useless. Discussions and examples illustrate.


Handedness, cerebral lateralization, and the evolution of language

I. C. McManus

in The Descent of Mind: Psychological Perspectives on Hominid Evolution

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632593
eISBN:
9780191670497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632593.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Paul Broca observed that in a series of patients with aphasia, a condition which causes a loss of language, there was a concomitant paralysis of the right side of the body. At first it was often ... More


Cerebral dominance

Richard Passingham

in What is special about the human brain?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230136
eISBN:
9780191696428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230136.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Different trends are observed in humans and chimpanzees when it comes to the subject of right or left hand dominance. Chimpanzees typically use their right hand for ballistic movements and their left ... More


Right hands

Ann Oakley

in Fracture: Adventures of a broken body

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349378
eISBN:
9781447302360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349378.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

The links between language, brain asymmetry and right-handedness are said to be much of what makes a person human. Hands perform around a thousand different functions every day. The well-behaved hand ... More


Apraxia in left-handers

in Apraxia: The Cognitive side of motor control

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199591510
eISBN:
9780191756344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591510.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In typical right-handers apraxia is predominantly bound to left-hemisphere lesions. This lateralization corresponds with that of language and that of motor control of the dominant hand. In ... More


Sex Differences in Handedness, Brain Asymmetry, and Language Lateralization

Iris E. C. Sommer

in The Two Halves of the Brain: Information Processing in the Cerebral Hemispheres

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014137
eISBN:
9780262265942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014137.003.0211
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter offers an updated review and meta-analysis of existing research on sex differences, coupled with a thorough discussion of a possible underlying mechanism in a more bilateral brain in ... More


Handedness and Cerebral Asymmetry: An Evolutionary Perspective

Michael C. Corballis

in The Two Halves of the Brain: Information Processing in the Cerebral Hemispheres

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014137
eISBN:
9780262265942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014137.003.0063
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter concentrates on the evolutionary origin of hemispheric asymmetry, addressing manual dexterity and language. It investigates the possible evolutionary and genetic sources of the ... More


Structural Indices of Asymmetry

Katrin Amunts

in The Two Halves of the Brain: Information Processing in the Cerebral Hemispheres

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014137
eISBN:
9780262265942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014137.003.0111
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter summarizes the structural brain imaging results. It demonstrates that structural asymmetries are to be found in many, perhaps all, other brain regions (e.g. visual cortex, parietal ... More


Complex Media

G. F. Roach, I. G. Stratis, and A. N. Yannacopoulos

in Mathematical Analysis of Deterministic and Stochastic Problems in Complex Media Electromagnetics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142173
eISBN:
9781400842650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142173.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter discusses complex media, which plays a big part in the late-twentieth-century technology revolution and is propagating with increasing speed and expanding front. Complex media are ... More


The biolinguistics of language universals:: The next years

Thomas G. Bever

in Language Down the Garden Path: The Cognitive and Biological Basis for Linguistic Structures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677139
eISBN:
9780191756368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677139.003.0023
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Bever reviews how his research program has evolved from the original assumption he made in 1970: that language is the result of genetic endowment, maturational processes, experience, and other ... More


Differential Use of Dominant and Non-Dominant Hands: A Window on Referential and Non-Referential Functions

Nicla Rossini

in The Construal of Spatial Meaning: Windows into Conceptual Space

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199641635
eISBN:
9780191760020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641635.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The study presented here contrasts ‘planning’ gestures (Kendon 2004) to referential gestures in map-task activities with blocked visibility. This topic has already been addressed in a number of ... More


Neural, Cognitive, and Anatomical Foundations

Lawrence Barham

in From Hand to Handle: The First Industrial Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199604715
eISBN:
9780191804601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199604715.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the neural, cognitive, and anatomical foundations of hafting, an innovation that took place in a technological world in which the hand holding tool served as the main interface ... More


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