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 Power Plants: Psychedelic Culture Meets Tribal Spirituality

Andrei A. Znamenski

in The Beauty of the Primitive: Shamanism and Western Imagination

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172317
eISBN:
9780199785759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172317.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter looks at the relationship between shamanism and psychedelic culture, focusing on the experience of investment banker R. Gordon Wasson and his Russian-born wife, Valentina, with ... More


Drugs of Abuse and Aggression

Jill M. Grimes, Lesley Ricci, Khampaseuth Rasakham, and Richard H. Melloni, Jr.

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter summarizes studies examining the link between drugs of abuse and the behavioral neurobiology of aggressive behavior in animal models. It considers studies examining how drug abuse ... More


Peyote Effect: From the Inquisition to the War on Drugs

Alexander S. Dawson

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520285422
eISBN:
9780520960909
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285422.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Peyote has marked the boundary between the Indian and the West since it was outlawed by the Spanish Inquisition in 1620. For nearly four centuries, ecclesiastical, legal, scientific, and scholarly ... More


Psychedelic, Psychoactive, and Addictive Drugs and States of Consciousness

Ralph Metzner

in Mind-Altering Drugs: The Science of Subjective Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195165319
eISBN:
9780199894055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165319.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

This chapter examines the states of consciousness induced by hallucinogens or psychedelic drugs in the framework of a general model of altered states of consciousness (ASCs). According to the general ... More


Hallucinogens

Rick Strassman

in Mind-Altering Drugs: The Science of Subjective Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195165319
eISBN:
9780199894055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165319.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

This chapter focuses on hallucinogens. The psychedelics or hallucinogens are probably the most complex and controversial, and in many ways are the most fascinating group of psychoactive compounds in ... More


Music and ayahuasca

Benny Shanon

in Music and Consciousness: Philosophical, Psychological, and Cultural Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199553792
eISBN:
9780191728617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553792.003.0077
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the musical facets of the special state of mind induced by ayahuasca, a powerful Amazonian psychoactive brew especially famous for the vivid hallucinations that it induces. The ... More


The Progressive Rock Style The Visuals

Edward Macan

in Rocking the Classics: English Progressive Rock and the Counterculture

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195098884
eISBN:
9780199853236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195098884.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Popular

Both the albums and the concert experience have a strong visual dimension; in progressive rock certain conventions are repeated often enough both in album cover art and in concerts that it is not ... More


Neuropsychedelia: The Revival of Hallucinogen Research since the Decade of the Brain

Nicolas Langlitz

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780520274815
eISBN:
9780520954908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274815.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Neuropsychedelia examines the revival of psychedelic science since the “Decade of the Brain.” After the breakdown of this previously prospering area of psychopharmacology, in the wake of clashes ... More


Cannabis and the Colonial Milieu

Isaac Campos

in Home Grown: Marijuana and the Origins of Mexico's War on Drugs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835388
eISBN:
9781469601809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882689_campos.6
Subject:
History, Latin American History

The use of cannabis as a source of food, fiber, medicine, and intoxicant dispersed it into the Old World and further to the New World, arriving first in New Spain. This chapter describes the ... More


1833: The Cholera Epidemic

Alexander S. Dawson

in Peyote Effect: From the Inquisition to the War on Drugs

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520285422
eISBN:
9780520960909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285422.003.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

In introducing the history of peyote in Mexico, this chapter begins with an incident in 1833, when the Mexican doctor Ignacio Sendejas attempted to cure cholera with a concoction made from peyote. ... More


Ayahuasca Shamanism in the Amazon and Beyond

Beatriz Caiuby Labate and Clancy Cavnar (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199341191
eISBN:
9780199379408
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199341191.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book discusses how Amerindian epistemology and ontology, related to certain indigenous shamanic rituals of the Amazon, spread to Western societies, and how indigenous, mestizo, and cosmopolitan ... More


Sense of reality, metacognition, and culture in schizophrenic and drug-induced hallucinations

Martin Fortier

in Metacognitive Diversity: An Interdisciplinary Approach

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198789710
eISBN:
9780191841675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789710.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Hallucinations possess two main components: (i) a sensory content; (ii) a sense that the sensory content is real. Influential models of schizophrenic hallucination claim that both the sensory content ... More


Visions and Dreams

Barbara Alice Mann

in Spirits of Blood, Spirits of Breath: The Twinned Cosmos of Indigenous America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199997060
eISBN:
9780190456481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199997060.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Visions (Breath) and dreams (Blood) are another reflection of the Twinned Cosmos. Individuals can access knowledge beyond the material through these forms of non-ordinary consciousness. Aid is often ... More


Other Uses: Psychosis, Pregnancy, and Status Epilepticus

Max Fink MD

in Electroconvulsive Therapy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195365740
eISBN:
9780197562604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195365740.003.0012
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Although ECT was developed as a treatment for schizophrenia, its ease of use, its safety, and the lack of effective treatments for many psychiatric conditions encouraged experimentation with this ... More


Neurosciences

Lena Palaniyappan and Rajeev Krishnadas

in Best of Five MCQs for MRCPsych Paper 2

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199552122
eISBN:
9780191917806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199552122.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions A 64-year-old lady, on physical examination exhibits symptoms suggestive of a movement disorder with associated speech deficits. This clinical presentation is classified as ‘hypokinetic ... More


Sacred and Profane Uses of the Cactus Lophophora Williamsii from the South Texas Peyote Gardens

Clarissa T. Kimber and Darrel McDonald

in Dangerous Harvest: Drug Plants and the Transformation of Indigenous Landscapes

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195143201
eISBN:
9780197561805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195143201.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Peyote is one of the best-known plant sources for a psychedelic experience. This small cactus is also associated in the popular mind with North American Indians and Hippies. Although its ritual use ... More


Introduction

Christopher Partridge

in High Culture: Drugs, Mysticism, and the Pursuit of Transcendence in the Modern World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190459116
eISBN:
9780190459147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190459116.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This Introduction provides a brief overview of the subject of drugs and mystical experience as well as the scope, aims, and objectives of the book. It discusses why people might want to take drugs in ... More


Drug Use and Beat Writers

Erik Mortenson

in The Beats: A Teaching Companion

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781949979954
eISBN:
9781800852129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781949979954.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The essay draws on fictional and nonfiction accounts of Beat drug use, distinguishing between mind-expanding drugs, such as marijuana, or hallucinogens, such as LSD, and more addictive substances, ... More


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