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How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Penelope Mackie

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What are the essential properties of ordinary individuals such as people, cats, trees, and tables? The question is notoriously difficult, yet must be answered to obtain a satisfying account of the ... More


Introduction

Steven French and Décio Krause

in Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278244
eISBN:
9780191603952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278245.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This introductory chapter presents an outline of the metaphysics of identity and individuality, which emphasizes the conceptual distinction between individuality and distinguishability. The Principle ... More


Individual Essences and Bare Identities

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces the question of whether ordinary individuals have non-trivial individual essences: essential properties that are not only necessary but also sufficient for their identities in ... More


Origin Properties and Individual Essences

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Graeme Forbes has argued that many ordinary persisting things (including people, animals, and plants) can be attributed non-trivial individual essences that include distinctive features of their ... More


Essential Properties and Remote Contingencies

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Having rejected the standard views about the essential properties of ordinary individuals, this chapter confronts the question whether such individuals have any interesting essential properties at ... More


What Is Haecceitism, and Is It True?

Robert Stalnaker

in Mere Possibilities: Metaphysical Foundations of Modal Semantics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147123
eISBN:
9781400842292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147123.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter starts with a preliminary attempt to characterize the contrasting theses, haecceitism and anti-haecceitism, discussing some of the different ways the contrast has been drawn in the ... More


Personal Identity: What's the Problem? 1 (1995u)

Nathan Salmon

in Metaphysics, Mathematics, and Meaning: Philosophical Papers, Volume I

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284719
eISBN:
9780191603235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284717.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

It is argued that the traditional problem of personal identity bifurcates into two problems, having different solutions: an essentialist problem of personal identity and a reductionist problem. The ... More


Attitudes De Dicto and De Se

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this wide‐ranging paper, Lewis defends the view that propositional attitudes consist in relations to properties, which themselves are sets of possible individuals. In so doing, he champions the ... More


Counterparts and Identity (1987)

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Ways a World Might Be: Metaphysical and Anti-Metaphysical Essays

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199251483
eISBN:
9780191602320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251487.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This paper explores a different version of the counterpart theory - that the actualist can coherently combine a belief in primitive thisness and genuine identity across possible worlds with a version ... More


Modality

Thomas Sattig

in The Double Lives of Objects: An Essay in the Metaphysics of the Ordinary World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199683017
eISBN:
9780191798221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683017.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter extends perspectival hylomorphism towards an account of the modal profile of ordinary objects. Traditional accounts are single-layered. They either see all de re modal properties of ... More


A Reconsidered Defence of Haecceitism Regarding Fictional Individuals

William G. Lycan

in Fictional Objects

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198735595
eISBN:
9780191799631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735595.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Modality and Meaning (1994) defended the minority position that nonfactual entities have haecceities (plus whatever other essential properties might be); the descriptions used to introduce them do ... More


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