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Modern Hadith Studies: Continuing Debates and New Approaches

Belal Abu-Alabbas, Christopher Melchert, and Michael Dann (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474441797
eISBN:
9781474491228
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The authenticity of hadith—whether this or that report is correctly attributed—was a major subject of scholarship in the Middle Ages and has continued to be today. However, this collection of ... More


Anthropomorphism in Islam: The Challenge of Traditionalism (700-1350)

Livnat Holtzman

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780748689569
eISBN:
9781474444828
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748689569.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

More than any other issue in early and medieval Islamic theology, anthropomorphism (tashbīh) stood at the heart of many theological debates. These debates were not purely intellectual; they were ... More


Opening the Files

F. E. Peters

in Jesus and Muhammad: Parallel Tracks, Parallel Lives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199747467
eISBN:
9780199894796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747467.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter opens the dossiers on Jesus and Muhammad. The sources on each are, as it turns out, essentially literary: historical biographies composed by the followers of the two holy men, ... More


Consequences

John C. Wilkinson

in Ibâḍism: Origins and Early Development in Oman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199588268
eISBN:
9780191595400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588268.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter considers the changes resulting from these events as they affected Ibâḍi theory concerning types of Imam, the principle of one Imam in a misr, permitted behaviour towards occupying ... More


Madhhabization

John C. Wilkinson

in Ibâḍism: Origins and Early Development in Oman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199588268
eISBN:
9780191595400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588268.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the final stages in Ibâḍism developing as a madhhab. In Oman it was essentially the work of 'Awtabi who finalized the process of conforming to the criteria of the ... More


Bodies Fleshly and Spiritual

John Casey

in After Lives: A Guide to Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195092950
eISBN:
9780199869732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092950.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Two opposing accounts of heaven and the risen body are discussed—the materialist account of Irenaeus, and the elaborate theory of the spiritual risen body and its properties of Augustine. In ... More


Continuing Revelation: Learning from Judaism and Islam

David Brown

in Tradition and Imagination: Revelation and Change

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269915
eISBN:
9780191600432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269919.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The first part of the chapter offers three arguments for insisting that any approach that automatically condemns post‐biblical developments will inevitably result in the condemnation of Scripture as ... More


Renewing Qur’anic Studies in the Contemporary World

Nasr Hamid Abu‐Zayd

in Silenced: How Apostasy and Blasphemy Codes are Choking Freedom Worldwide

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812264
eISBN:
9780199919383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812264.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In Chapter Fourteen, “Renewing Qur’anic Studies in the Contemporary World,” the late Professor Abu-Zayd, who was forced to flee Egypt because of his work, emphasizes that blasphemy and apostasy ... More


Rethinking Classical Muslim Law of Apostasy and the Death Penalty

Abdullah Saeed

in Silenced: How Apostasy and Blasphemy Codes are Choking Freedom Worldwide

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812264
eISBN:
9780199919383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812264.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In Chapter Fifteen, “Rethinking Classical Muslim Law of Apostasy and the Death Penalty,” Abdullah Saeed – some of whose writings have been banned in his native Maldives –argues that current human ... More


Searching for a Raison d’Être in the Postindependence Era

Henri Lauzière

in The Making of Salafism: Islamic Reform in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231175500
eISBN:
9780231540179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175500.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Chapter 5 discusses the significance of the post-independence rupture and how it drove a wedge between purist Salafis and most other Islamic activists, including modernist Salafis.


The Theory of Magic in Healing

Michael W. Dols and Diana E. Immisch

in Majnūn: The Madman in Medieval Islamic Society

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202219
eISBN:
9780191675218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202219.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Medieval History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter provides a historical perspective on magical beliefs and practices in Muslim society as sanctioned by the Qur'an and hadith. Magic is almost always assumed to be bad — essentially evil, ... More


THE WISE FOOL

Michael W. Dols and Diana E. Immisch

in Majnūn: The Madman in Medieval Islamic Society

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202219
eISBN:
9780191675218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202219.003.0013
Subject:
History, World Medieval History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the early Abbasid period, there appears to have been an appreciable number of ‘wise fools’ or, alternatively, a number of individuals who were given particular prominence by those who labelled ... More


Kunnā nakrahu al-kitāb: Scripture, Transmission of Knowledge, and Politics in the Second Century AH (719–816 CE)

Pavel Pavlovitch

in Modern Hadith Studies: Continuing Debates and New Approaches

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474441797
eISBN:
9781474491228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Pavel Pavlovitch shows how the sense of a genuinely early saying might change as the concerns of Muslims changed over time. The example is a saying from Ibn Shihāb al-Zuhrī (d. 124/742?). It ... More


The History of the Adhān: a View from the Hadith Literature

Maroussia Bednarkiewicz

in Modern Hadith Studies: Continuing Debates and New Approaches

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474441797
eISBN:
9781474491228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The Qurʾan itself refers to a call to prayer (although using another term, nidāʾ, not adhān) without laying down a form. Several stories are told of how the call to prayer was originally formulated. ... More


Ibn al-Mubārak, Traditionist

Christopher Melchert

in Modern Hadith Studies: Continuing Debates and New Approaches

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474441797
eISBN:
9781474491228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Christopher Melchert. surveys modern scholarship in Arabic and English concerning this prominent eighth-century traditionist. The fullest is a book by Muḥammad Saʿīd ibn Muḥammad Bukhārī (2003). He ... More


Early ‘Traditionist Sufis’: A Network Analysis

Jeremy Farrell

in Modern Hadith Studies: Continuing Debates and New Approaches

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474441797
eISBN:
9781474491228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Earlier scholars have proposed that hadith collectors and specialists in the pious life were largely the same persons in the earlier eighth century, then gradually drifted apart into the tenth ... More


The Common Link and its Relation to Hadith Terminology

Ali Aghaei

in Modern Hadith Studies: Continuing Debates and New Approaches

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474441797
eISBN:
9781474491228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Ali Aghaei addresses the controversy over whether the medieval technical term madār (‘pivot’), meaning someone to whom lines of transmission for a particular hadith report continually converged, ... More


Hadith Criticism between Traditionists and Jurisprudents

Mutaz Al-Khatib

in Modern Hadith Studies: Continuing Debates and New Approaches

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474441797
eISBN:
9781474491228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Mutaz al-Khatib compares and contrasts hadith criticism as practised by traditionists, specialists in hadith, and jurisprudents, specialists in inferring the law from revelation. Ninth-century hadith ... More


Hadith Criticism in the Levant in the Twentieth Century: From ẓāhir al-isnād to ʿilal al-ḥadīth

Ahmad Snober

in Modern Hadith Studies: Continuing Debates and New Approaches

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474441797
eISBN:
9781474491228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Ahmad Snober identifies two approaches that have dominated recent hadith scholarship in the Levant. The first, identified especially with the Salafi Muḥammad Nāṣir al-Dīn al-Albānī (d. 1999), ... More


The Reception and Representation of Western Hadith Studies in Turkish Academe

Fatma Kızıl

in Modern Hadith Studies: Continuing Debates and New Approaches

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474441797
eISBN:
9781474491228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The Turkish Republic has recently become another major centre of hadith scholarship. Fatma Kızıl identifies two pioneers as Mehmed Said Hatiboğlu, relatively friendly toward Ignaz Goldziher’s ... More


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