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Editors' Introduction

Simon Szreter, Hania Sholkamy, and A. Dharmalingam

in Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

The chapters in this section are introduced. They demonstrate the manifold ways in which the categories used for the scientific study of population problems have each been produced through historical ... More


A Wider Role for Analogies

Paul F. A. Bartha

in By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This concluding chapter outlines how my theory of analogical arguments can be extended to analogies in scientific revolutions and, more generally, outside science. As an example, Hacking's analogical ... More


Situated Intervention: Sociological Experiments in Health Care

Teun Zuiderent-Jerak

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029384
eISBN:
9780262329439
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029384.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This book considers the question of how the direct involvement of social scientists in the practices they study can lead to the production of interesting sociological knowledge. It draws together two ... More


Contemporary Drama in the 1960s: A Contested Space

Laura Bradley

in Cooperation and Conflict: GDR Theatre Censorship, 1961-1989

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589630
eISBN:
9780191595479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589630.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Drama, European Literature

Contemporary GDR drama operated in a contested space, whose parameters were continually being redefined. This chapter focuses on the two major contemporary drama controversies of the 1960s: Peter ... More


Why American Elections Are Flawed (and How to Fix Them)

Pippa Norris

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501713408
eISBN:
9781501712753
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501713408.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The flaws in the American electoral process have become increasingly apparent in recent years. The contemporary tipping point in public awareness occurred during the 2000 election count, and concern ... More


Phrasing Questions by Writing Algorithms

Mark D. LeBlanc and Betsey Dexter Dyer

in Perl for Exploring DNA

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195305890
eISBN:
9780199773862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305890.003.11
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter provides guidelines for designing and outlining programs with two sequence aligning programs — BLAST and BLAT — as well as making a DNA Dictionary as examples. Algorithms (‘recipes’) are ... More


Evolution and Epistemological Pessimism

Anthony O'Hear

in Beyond Evolution: Human Nature and the Limits of Evolutionary Explanation

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250043
eISBN:
9780191598111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250045.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Science can show how our beliefs are produced by our interactions with the material world. Explaining how, e.g. we might have experiences of secondary qualities and why such experiences might be ... More


Realism in Theory Construction

Ilkka Niiniluoto

in Critical Scientific Realism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251612
eISBN:
9780191598098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251614.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Theoretical realism claims—against instrumentalism (Stegmüller), constructive empiricism (van Fraassen), entity realism (Hacking, Cartwright), and structural realism (Worrall)—that the theoretical ... More


Social Construction: The “Debunking” Project

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

In his book The Social Construction of What?, Ian Hacking offers a schema for understanding different social constructionist claims along with a framework for distinguishing kinds or degrees of ... More


You Mixed?: Racial Identity without Racial Biology

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

If racial categories are to be understood as positions in a social structure (as was argued in Chapter 7), then in principle one can be raced without incorporating that fact into one's ... More


Contemporary governance discourse and digital media: convergences, prospects and problems for the ‘Big Society’ agenda

Chris Speed, Amadu Wurie Khan, and Martin Phillips

in After Urban Regeneration: Communities, policy and place

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447324157
eISBN:
9781447324171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447324157.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter explores how concepts and vocabularies emerging in relation to digital culture provided the context from which a public artwork, the ‘digital totem pole’ was created in Wester Hailes, ... More


Policy Hacking: Citizen-based Policy-Making and Media Reform

Arne Hintz

in Strategies for Media Reform: International Perspectives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780823271641
eISBN:
9780823271696
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823271641.003.0018
Subject:
Information Science, Communications

Policy hacking is a media reform strategy that focuses on citizen-based do-it-yourself policy alternatives and the development of new law and regulation. Typically it encompasses a) collecting and ... More


The Free Software Paradigm and the Hacker Ethic

Richard Stallman and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0022
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This dialogue is preceded by an introduction about Richard Stallman and the power of “code”, by Lawrence Lessing, as well as a detailed biography of Richard revised by himself. In the conversation ... More


Introduction: Exploring Intervention in the Social Sciences

Teun Zuiderent-Jerak

in Situated Intervention: Sociological Experiments in Health Care

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029384
eISBN:
9780262329439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029384.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter explores the relationship between sociologists and their fields. This relation is strongly shaped by a dual fear that runs through the history of sociology: that of either losing ... More


The Cybersecurity Dilemma: Hacking, Trust and Fear Between Nations

Ben Buchanan

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190665012
eISBN:
9780190686543
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190665012.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Why do nations break into one another's most important computer networks? There is an obvious answer: to steal valuable information or to attack. But this isn't the full story. This book draws on ... More


Material Selves: Bodies, Memory, and Autobiographical Narrating

Sidonie A. Smith

in Narrative and Consciousness: Literature, Psychology and the Brain

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195140057
eISBN:
9780199847402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140057.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

As historians like Frances A. Yates have been able to look into how memory may be conceptualized in the context of specific historical moments, we realize that a history can be attributed to memory, ... More


Gossips, networks and news

Jennifer Mori

in The Culture of Diplomacy: Britain in Europe, c. 1750–1830

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719082726
eISBN:
9781781702703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719082726.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Networking was integral to a diplomat's work, and it could take place in the antechambers of the royal household, the salons of the nobility or the embassies of foreign powers. Courtiers always ... More


The Self Before and After Psychology: The Transformation Begins

Jack Martin and Ann-Marie McLellan

in The Education of Selves: How Psychology Transformed Students

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199913671
eISBN:
9780199315949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199913671.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter critically examines the history of selfhood in Western society. A brief and selective history of the self from the classical Greek philosophers to the end of the twentieth century is ... More


Every and all the Averys

Neil Rennie

in Treasure Neverland: Real and Imaginary Pirates

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199679331
eISBN:
9780191767272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679331.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature, Mythology and Folklore

This chapter follows the piratical career of John Every, or Avery, one of the earliest of the ‘golden age’ of piracy, a figure of fact and also of faction and fiction, an inspiration to other pirates ... More


Media misconduct

Wacks Raymond

in Privacy and Media Freedom

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199668656
eISBN:
9780191748714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668656.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The chapter describes the various forms of physical and technological intrusion, some of which (such as the infamous telephone hacking conducted by journalists—and which sparked the Leveson Inquiry) ... More


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