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Corporal Knowledge: Early Christian Bodies

Jennifer Glancy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195328158
eISBN:
9780199777143
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328158.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

Drawing on representations of bodies in sources from Paul to Augustine, this book focuses on the question of what is known in the body and demonstrates why that question is significant for a cultural ... More


The Virtuous Psychiatrist: Character Ethics in Psychiatric Practice

Jennifer Radden and John Sadler

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195389371
eISBN:
9780199866328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389371.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Drawing on the role morality developed in previous applications of virtue ethics to professional practice, The Virtuous Psychiatrist shows that the ethical practice of psychiatry depends on the ... More


Conclusion

Jennifer Radden and John Z. Sadler

in The Virtuous Psychiatrist: Character Ethics in Psychiatric Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195389371
eISBN:
9780199866328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389371.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The brief concluding chapter returns to the questions, first introduced in Chapter 5, of whether, and how, virtue can be taught. The preceding discussions have laid out reasons why virtue should be ... More


Aristotle on Law and Moral Education

Zena Hitz

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume 42

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199644384
eISBN:
9780191743344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644384.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

It is widely agreed that Aristotle holds that the best moral education involves habituation in the proper pleasures of virtuous action. But it is rarely acknowledged that Aristotle repeatedly ... More


The Fabric of Character: Aristotle's Theory of Virtue

Nancy Sherman

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239178
eISBN:
9780191598395
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239173.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Fabric of Character explores Aristotle's account of virtuous character and its development. I argue that traditional conceptions of Aristotelian habituation have ignored the critical ... More


What She Knew in Her Body: An Introduction

Jennifer A. Glancy

in Corporal Knowledge: Early Christian Bodies

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195328158
eISBN:
9780199777143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328158.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

Arguing that social location is a kind of knowledge borne in the body, chapter 1 demonstrates the significance of that insight for a cultural history of Christian origins. The chapter’s theoretical ... More


Practical Induction

Jessica Moss

in Aristotle on the Apparent Good: Perception, Phantasia, Thought, and Desire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656349
eISBN:
9780191742156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656349.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses a major worry raised by the argument of Chapter 7: if wish is based on phantasia, why does Aristotle treat it as rational desire? The solution lies in understanding how ... More


How Infants Learn Categories

Lisa M. Oakes, Jessica S. Horst, Kristine A. Kovack-Lesh, and Sammy Perone

in Learning and the Infant Mind

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195301151
eISBN:
9780199894246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301151.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on how infants learn categories in familiarization and habituation tasks — a context that provides both deep understanding into the processes of categorization and mimics many of ... More


Jewish Moral Thought and Practical Wisdom

Jonathan Jacobs

in Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Sadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542833
eISBN:
9780191594359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542833.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the main points of comparison and contrast between Jewish thought and the practical wisdom approach to ethics, with Aristotle's conception of it as the guiding example. The ... More


Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Gabriel Horn

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Looking at both behavioural and molecular levels of analysis, this book presents the results of recent research into the biochemistry and neural mechanisms of imprinting. The book discusses some of ... More


Perceptual and Associative Learning

Geoffrey Hall

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521822
eISBN:
9780191706677
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521822.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Psychologists studying conditioning in animals have developed the traditional notion of association formation to produce formal theories of the mechanisms involved that have wide explanatory power. ... More


Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Nelson Cowan

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

For decades, the fundamental processes underlying memory and attention have been understood within an “information processing” framework in which information passes from one processing stage to ... More


The Sonso community 2

Vernon Reynolds

in The Chimpanzees of the Budongo Forest: Ecology, Behaviour and Conservation

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515463
eISBN:
9780191705656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515463.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter describes the process of habituating the Sonso community. Five years elapsed before the total population and range of the group were established. Birth and death rates, together with ... More


How Bad is Coming into Existence?

David Benatar

in Better Never to Have Been: The Harm of Coming into Existence

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199296422
eISBN:
9780191712005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296422.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the magnitude of the harm of coming into existence, arguing that it is a very great harm. Drawing on the relevant psychological literature, it is shown that there are a number ... More


Latent inhibition as reduced associability

Geoffrey Hall

in Perceptual and Associative Learning

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521822
eISBN:
9780191706677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521822.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A further consequence of repeated presentation of a stimulus is that the stimulus is only learned about slowly when it is subsequently employed as the conditioned stimulus in a classical conditioning ... More


Learning and the modification of stimulus representations

Geoffrey Hall

in Perceptual and Associative Learning

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521822
eISBN:
9780191706677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521822.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes the way in which the evidence described in previous chapters has necessitated modifications and extensions to the standard associative model described in Chapter 2. It ... More


Paediatric vision testing

Janette Atkinson

in The Developing Visual Brain

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198525998
eISBN:
9780191712395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525998.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes some of the methods used for testing vision in infants and young children in research and clinical assessment, including behavioural measures from observing eye movements ... More


Approaches to the analysis of the neural bases of memory

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses ways in which information is stored in the brain. Memory and habituation, and the characteristics of filial imprinting are discussed. Habituation is a form of learning wherein ... More


Attentional filtering and orienting

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Donald Broadbent's 1958 information processing model included an attention filter allowing only one channel of information to be processed, with the rest filtered out. In contrast to this “early ... More


Aristotle on the Practical Intellect 1

C. C. W. Taylor

in Pleasure, Mind, and Soul: Selected Papers in Ancient Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226399
eISBN:
9780191710209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226399.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines the role of the practical intellect in Aristotle's ethics, arguing that it is not confined to deliberation about means, but that it includes the achievement of the right ... More


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