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Scale: The Dimensions of Evolution

Douglas W. Morris and Per Lundberg

in Pillars of Evolution: Fundamental principles of the eco-evolutionary process

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198568797
eISBN:
9780191774690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568797.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Space and time represent two of the many dimensions specifying the scale of evolutionary change. Scale adds yet another intimidating level in attempts to thoroughly understand evolution, and even ... More


Habitats

Hans Kruuk

in Otters: Ecology, behaviour and conservation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198565871
eISBN:
9780191728228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565871.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes terrestrial and underwater habitats for different otter species. Results of surveys of terrestrial habitat selection based on distribution of faeces (‘spraints’) should be ... More


Landscape Effects on Individual Movement and Dispersal: Behavioral Landscape Ecology

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Movement is a fundamental process that enables individuals to find food or mates, locate suitable habitat, and colonize new areas. The effect of environmental heterogeneity on individual movement ... More


The role of competition and facilitation in structuring desert communities

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

It has long been considered that abiotic factors are far more important than biotic variables in controlling the structure of desert communities. In recent years, this perception has changed because ... More


Movement ecology

Otso Ovaskainen, Henrik Johan de Knegt, and Maria del Mar Delgado

in Quantitative Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: Integrating models with data

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198714866
eISBN:
9780191783210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714866.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter introduces mathematical and statistical modelling approaches to study the ecology of movement. It starts with a conceptual section, continues with mathematical and statistical sections, ... More


Radio-tagging

Robert Kenward

in Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520863
eISBN:
9780191706189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520863.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Following wild birds marked with radio tags is a technique that can be used to obtain data on movements, survival, and habitat selection. This chapter considers the choice of type of tag and ... More


NDVI and wildlife management

Nathalie Pettorelli

in The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199693160
eISBN:
9780191810145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199693160.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on the relationship between the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and wildlife management, exploring the potential of the NDVI in understanding the factors that ... More


Habitat, Water Quality, and Conservation Biology

Bruce S. Miller and Arthur W. Kendall

in Early Life History of Marine Fishes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520249721
eISBN:
9780520943766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249721.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter begins by discussing the variety of habitats that are occupied by fish eggs and larvae; these habitats include the open ocean, coastal ocean, and estuaries. Also, the chapter discusses ... More


Pastoral migration: mobile systems of livestock husbandry

Roy H. Behnke, Maria E. Fernandez‐Gimenez, Matthew D. Turner, and Florian Stammler

in Animal Migration: A Synthesis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568994
eISBN:
9780191774676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568994.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Spatial resource gradients, processes of plant maturation, and grass-grazer interactions are among the biophysical factors that structure ungulate movement systems, irrespective of whether the ... More


The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index

Nathalie Pettorelli

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199693160
eISBN:
9780191810145
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199693160.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

There has been a recent surge of interest in remote sensing and its use in ecology and conservation. This book focuses explicitly on the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), a simple ... More


Behavioral, plastic, and evolutionary responses to a changing world

Wolf U. Blanckenhorn

in Insect Behavior: From Mechanisms to Ecological and Evolutionary Consequences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198797500
eISBN:
9780191838842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797500.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Organisms can respond to environmental change by modifying their behavior to obtain an instant response, through short-term phenotypically plastic, often physiological, adjustments, and/or by ... More


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