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Habitat destruction: death by a thousand cuts

William F. Laurance

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

William F. Laurance provides an overview of contemporary habitat loss in this chapter. Vast amounts of habitat destruction have already occurred. for instance, about half of all global forest cover ... More


Landscape Effects on Community Structure and Dynamics

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Ecological communities consist of species that interact to varying degrees within the same geographical area, and so by definition exist within a landscape context. This chapter begins by reviewing ... More


Diversity and Dynamics of Californian Subtidal Kelp Forests

Michael Graham, Ben Halpern, and Mark Carr

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The chapter describes the geology, oceanography, and patterns of biogeography of the California kelp forests. The structure and biodiversity of the kelp forest food web for all trophic guilds is ... More


Landscape Effects on Population Distributions and Dynamics

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The distribution and dynamics of populations reflect the interplay between dispersal and demography with landscape structure. Understanding how landscape structure affects populations is essential to ... More


Holocene extinctions in the sea

Nicholas K. Dulvy, John K. Pinnegar, and John D. Reynolds

in Holocene Extinctions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Few Holocene marine species extinctions have been recorded, and these have been of range-restricted species, mainly mammals and birds, over the past 300 years. However, marine extinctions may be more ... More


Human impacts on marine ecosystems

Keith Brander, Louis W. Botsford, Lorenzo Ciannelli, Michael J. Fogarty, Michael Heath, Benjamin Planque, Lynne J. Shannon, and Kai Wieland

in Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Humans have used and had an impact on marine ecosystems throughout history. As human populations and their economic activity increased the impact intensified, but our awareness of the long‐term, ... More


Crop Pollination Services From Wild Bees

Claire Kremen

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Historically, farmers obtained pollination services from wild, unmanaged bees or made habitat modifications to attract them. Today, agriculture demands the use of managed bees, usually honey bees, ... More


Dragonflies as focal organisms in contemporary conservation biology

Michael J. Samways

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Freshwater ecosystems worldwide are highly threatened. As a consequence, many dragonfly species are also threatened. The threats to them are many and varied, including invasive alien plants and ... More


Conservation and management of migratory species

Jennifer L. Shuter, Annette C. Broderick, David J. Agnew, Niclas Jonzén, Brendan J. Godley, E.J. Milner‐Gulland, and Simon Thirgood

in Animal Migration: A Synthesis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568994
eISBN:
9780191774676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568994.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses the conservation and management of migratory animals and the phenomenon of migration. It begins with an overview of the diversity of migratory organisms; migration loss and its ... More


Conserving a natural experiment

Anne E. Magurran

in Evolutionary Ecology: The Trinidadian Guppy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527855
eISBN:
9780191713576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527855.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The guppy raises three different classes of conservation issues. First, the species is a useful model for freshwater fish species — one of the most endangered vertebrate groups. Second, although ... More


Orchids and Conservation

John Alcock

in An Enthusiasm for Orchids: Sex and Deception in Plant Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182743
eISBN:
9780199790005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182743.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter summarizes the many reasons the conservation of orchids in Australia will not be easy. Among the problems confronting those who would protect Australia’s glorious orchids are habitat ... More


Habitat Loss and Fragmentation

Ilkka Hanski

in Messages from Islands: A Global Biodiversity Tour

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226406305
eISBN:
9780226406589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226406589.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses habitat loss and fragmentation on the Åland Islands in the Baltic Sea. It first provides a background on the Glanville fritillary research project and how it has evolved into a ... More


Widening the Circle of Investigation: The Interface between Citizen Science and Landscape Ecology

Benjamin Zuckerberg and Kevin Mcgarigal

in Citizen Science: Public Participation in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449116
eISBN:
9780801463952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449116.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter focuses on the connection between citizen science and landscape ecology and how it can widen the circle of scientific research across space and time. It first explains how citizen ... More


Habitat change: loss, fragmentation, and degradation

Mitchell Irwin

in An Introduction to Primate Conservation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198703389
eISBN:
9780191824067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703389.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this chapter, habitat change is broken down into three components: habitat loss, habitat fragmentation, and habitat degradation. For each, the nature and extent of the pressure is described, ... More


Evolutionary ecology of dispersal in fragmented landscape

Michel Baguette, Delphine Legrand, Hélène Fréville, Hans Van Dyck, and Simon Ducatez

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0030
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter shows that direct habitat loss is recognized as the main cause of species extinction, and how habitat fragmentation is an inherent consequence of habitat loss. This causal relationship ... More


Introduction

Navjot S. Sodhi and Paul R. Ehrlich

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This introduction briefly introduces all the chapters. This book provides cutting‐edge but basic conservation science for the inhabitants of both developing as well as developed countries. ... More


Conservation Implications and Recommendations

Kristina A. Schierenbeck

in Phylogeography of California

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520278875
eISBN:
9780520959248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278875.003.0015
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

Phylogeographic studies can be very useful in defining evolutionary significant units for conservation purposes. When concordance among divergent major clades is identified, phylogeographic studies ... More


Quantifying loss and degradation of former American marten habitat due to the impacts of forestry operations and associated road networks in northern Idaho, USA

Samuel A. Cushman and Tzeidle N. Wasserman

in Biology and Conservation of Musteloids

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198759805
eISBN:
9780191820519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759805.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

American marten are associated with extensive and unfragmented late seral forest habitats, and are often considered to be particularly vulnerable to habitat loss and fragmentation. This chapter ... More


Populations of and Threats to Rare Plants of the Herb Layer: Still More Challenges and Opportunities for Conservation Biologists

Claudia L. Jolls and Dennis F. Whigham

in The Herbaceous Layer in Forests of Eastern North America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199837656
eISBN:
9780190267865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199837656.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The ability to understand the ecology of herbs of forests of eastern North America is hampered by declining abundances and increasing risks of extinctions, particularly for rare taxa. Major causes ... More


Forty years of bias in habitat fragmentation research

Lenore Fahrig

in Effective Conservation Science: Data Not Dogma

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198808978
eISBN:
9780191846687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808978.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter evaluates biases that contribute to the common misrepresentation of fragmentation as a major threat to biodiversity. The idea that habitat fragmentation seriously threatens biodiversity ... More


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