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Habitat fragmentation and landscape change

Andrew F. Bennett and Denis A. Saunders

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Conceptual approaches used to understand conservation in fragmented landscapes are summarized in this chapter by Andrew F. Bennett and Denis A. Saunders. Destruction and fragmentation of habitats are ... More


Winter adaptations in chickadees and titmice and the added effect of habitat fragmentation

Jennifer R. Olson and Thomas C. Grubb

in Ecology and Behavior of Chickadees and Titmice: an integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198569992
eISBN:
9780191717802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569992.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Many North American parids have ranges that expose them to temperate winter seasons. Chickadees and titmice possess several physiological and behavioural adaptations that allow them to manage the ... More


Landscape Effects on Community Structure and Dynamics

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Ecological communities consist of species that interact to varying degrees within the same geographical area, and so by definition exist within a landscape context. This chapter begins by reviewing ... More


Habitat quality and reproductive behavior in chickadees and tits: Potential for habitat matrix use in forest generalists

Ken A. Otter, Harry van Oort, and Kevin T. Fort

in Ecology and Behavior of Chickadees and Titmice: an integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198569992
eISBN:
9780191717802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569992.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Habitat destruction and fragmentation poses one of the most serious threats to biodiversity in conservation biology. What distinguishes habitat fragments is that the intervening gaps are often ... More


Landscape Effects on Population Distributions and Dynamics

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The distribution and dynamics of populations reflect the interplay between dispersal and demography with landscape structure. Understanding how landscape structure affects populations is essential to ... More


Past and future patterns of freshwater mussel extinctions in North America during the Holocene

Wendell R. Haag

in Holocene Extinctions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Past human impacts on the riverine ecosystems of North America remain poorly understood. This continent is home to the world's most diverse freshwater mussel fauna, but mussels are particularly ... More


The Global Pollination Crisis

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0029
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the global pollination crisis. For nearly three decades now there has been evidence of declines in pollinators worldwide, and the problems were explicitly recognized in the ... More


Forest–climate interactions in fragmented tropical landscapes

William F. Laurance

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

In the tropics, habitat fragmentation alters forest-climate interactions in diverse ways. On a local scale (<1 km), elevated desiccation and wind disturbance near fragment margins lead to sharply ... More


Evolutionary ecology of dispersal in fragmented landscape

Michel Baguette, Delphine Legrand, Hélène Fréville, Hans Van Dyck, and Simon Ducatez

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0030
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter shows that direct habitat loss is recognized as the main cause of species extinction, and how habitat fragmentation is an inherent consequence of habitat loss. This causal relationship ... More


Habitat Loss and Fragmentation

Ilkka Hanski

in Messages from Islands: A Global Biodiversity Tour

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226406305
eISBN:
9780226406589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226406589.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses habitat loss and fragmentation on the Åland Islands in the Baltic Sea. It first provides a background on the Glanville fritillary research project and how it has evolved into a ... More


Forty years of bias in habitat fragmentation research

Lenore Fahrig

in Effective Conservation Science: Data Not Dogma

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198808978
eISBN:
9780191846687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808978.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter evaluates biases that contribute to the common misrepresentation of fragmentation as a major threat to biodiversity. The idea that habitat fragmentation seriously threatens biodiversity ... More


Genetic diversity in changing environments

Jacob Höglund

in Evolutionary Conservation Genetics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214211
eISBN:
9780191706660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214211.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews the genetic consequences of environmental change. These changes are often so rapid that contemporary populations are often not found in genetic equilibrium. Furthermore, ... More


Widening the Circle of Investigation: The Interface between Citizen Science and Landscape Ecology

Benjamin Zuckerberg and Kevin Mcgarigal

in Citizen Science: Public Participation in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449116
eISBN:
9780801463952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449116.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter focuses on the connection between citizen science and landscape ecology and how it can widen the circle of scientific research across space and time. It first explains how citizen ... More


Habitat change: loss, fragmentation, and degradation

Mitchell Irwin

in An Introduction to Primate Conservation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198703389
eISBN:
9780191824067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703389.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this chapter, habitat change is broken down into three components: habitat loss, habitat fragmentation, and habitat degradation. For each, the nature and extent of the pressure is described, ... More


Creating Habitat Reserves for Migratory Salamanders

Suzanne C. Fowle and Scott M. Melvin

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0036
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Habitat fragmentation results in the reduction and isolation of amphibian populations and the subsequent increased risk of local extinction. While local extinctions are often part of amphibian ... More


Biology of Amphibian Declines

David M. Green

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter argues that the environmental stressors acting upon populations, especially those stressors of anthropogenic origin, can be better divided into the following three evils: habitat ... More


Gene flow allows persistence of a perennial forest herb in a dynamic landscape

Olivier Honnay and Hans Jacquemyn

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0034
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on habitat fragmentation and how it affects plant population viability and genetic diversity in remnant habitat patches. The genetic response to habitat fragmentation is strongly ... More


Impact of Global Changes on the Reproductive Biology of Trees in Tropical Dry Forests

Kamaljit S. Bawa

in Biodiversity Conservation in Costa Rica: Learning the Lessons in a Seasonal Dry Forest

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223097
eISBN:
9780520937772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223097.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses the effect of global changes on the reproductive processes of tropical dry forests. It describes the effects of deforestation, habitat fragmentation, and the introduction of ... More


Predation on Greater Sage-Grouse: Facts, Process, and Effects

Christian A. Hagen

in Greater Sage-Grouse: Ecology and Conservation of a Landscape Species and Its Habitats

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267114
eISBN:
9780520948686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267114.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Although Greater Sage-Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) face a suite of predators in sagebrush (Artemisia spp.) communities across the species' range, none of these predators specializes on ... More


Introduction

Glenn R. Guntenspergen

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This section focuses on the adaptability of species to the abiotic conditions and built structures in urban environments, and how they are affected by human subsidies. It consists of five chapters ... More


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