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Habitat destruction: death by a thousand cuts

William F. Laurance

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

William F. Laurance provides an overview of contemporary habitat loss in this chapter. Vast amounts of habitat destruction have already occurred. for instance, about half of all global forest cover ... More


Habitat fragmentation and landscape change

Andrew F. Bennett and Denis A. Saunders

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Conceptual approaches used to understand conservation in fragmented landscapes are summarized in this chapter by Andrew F. Bennett and Denis A. Saunders. Destruction and fragmentation of habitats are ... More


Conservation

Thomas T. Struhsaker

in The Red Colobus Monkeys: Variation in Demography, Behavior, and Ecology of Endangered Species

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780198529583
eISBN:
9780191712746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529583.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

As with most forest wildlife in Africa, the majority of red colobus taxa and their habitats are in dire straits. The rate of natural forest loss varies considerably between African countries, but for ... More


Biology of Amphibian Declines

David M. Green

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter argues that the environmental stressors acting upon populations, especially those stressors of anthropogenic origin, can be better divided into the following three evils: habitat ... More


Conservation of Coevolved Insect Herbivores and Plants

Carol L. Boggs and Paul R. Ehrlich

in Specialization, Speciation, and Radiation: The Evolutionary Biology of Herbivorous Insects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251328
eISBN:
9780520933828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251328.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

One cannot consider the conservation of plants without thinking about their relationship with the creatures that eat them; and herbivorous insects have long been among the worst enemies of the global ... More


Modelling the effects of habitat fragmentation

Calvin Dytham and Justin M. J. Travis

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0031
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter aims to describe approaches to modelling spatial population dynamics in fragmented landscapes. Understanding the consequences of habitat fragmentation on the evolution of dispersal and ... More


Biodiversity and Conservation

Thomas H. Boyle and Edward F. Anderson

in Cacti: Biology and Uses

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520231573
eISBN:
9780520927889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231573.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Cacti inhabit a wide diversity of climatic regions and ecosystems. Like many other plants, cacti populations are seriously threatened by habitat destruction and other human activities such as illegal ... More


Diverse Phenomena Influencing Amphibian Population Declines

Tim Halliday

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Twelve years after the Declining Amphibian Populations Task Force was established, those who have to answer queries from other biologists and the media are still unable to say why amphibians are ... More


The Imperative of Steady State Economics for Wild Animal Welfare

Brian Czech

in Ignoring Nature No More: The Case for Compassionate Conservation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226925332
eISBN:
9780226925363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226925363.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses how the process of economic growth leads to more habitat destruction and more inhumane treatment of wild animals. It considers two alternatives to growth: economic degrowth and ... More


Conservation of carnivorous plants

Charles Clarke, Adam Cross, and Barry Rice

in Carnivorous Plants: Physiology, ecology, and evolution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198779841
eISBN:
9780191825873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779841.003.0027
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

Approximately 20% of carnivorous plant species are threatened worldwide. Key threats include habitat degradation and loss, altered fire regimes or hydrology, and collection of plants for trade. In ... More


Meeting the Challenge of Amphibian Declines with an Interdisciplinary Research Program

James P. Collins, Nicholas Cohen, Elizabeth W. Davidson, Joyce E. Davidson, and Andrew Storfer

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Amphibian populations fluctuate in size, but around 1989, herpetologists became alarmed by reports that populations and even species were declining — some to extinction. To address this problem, a ... More


Avifaunal Overview

P. A. Buckley

in Urban Ornithology: 150 Years of Birds in New York City

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501719615
eISBN:
9781501719622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501719615.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

The avifauna of the study area is described and quantified, beginning with historical coverage since 1872. The Van Cortlandt Park cumulative and breeding avifaunas are dissected and contrasted with ... More


Declines of Eastern North American Woodland Salamanders (Plethodon)

Richard Highton

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Recent declines and extinctions of amphibian populations have been reported in many areas of the world. A majority of the documented declines are in easily detectable anuran species, including ... More


Conservation biology: unsolved problems and their policy implications

Andy Dobson and Will R. Turner

in Theoretical Ecology: Principles and Applications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199209989
eISBN:
9780191917370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199209989.003.0016
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

A plot of the number of parks and other terrestrial protected areas established around the world over the past 100 years exhibits near-exponential growth, with marine ... More


Westway’s Fill and America’s Protected Waters

William W. Buzbee

in Fighting Westway: Environmental Law, Citizen Activism, and the Regulatory War That Transformed New York City

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451904
eISBN:
9780801470301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451904.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter focuses on another prominent issue in Westway's legal battles—water issues, primarily in relation to the Hudson River. The water battles consisted of concerns over aquatic habitat ... More


An Introduction to Primate Conservation

Serge A. Wich and Andrew J. Marshall (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198703389
eISBN:
9780191824067
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703389.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The number of primates on the brink of extinction continues to grow due to threats such as habitat loss, hunting, and disease. The need to respond with effective conservation measures has therefore ... More


Climate Change, Forced Migration, and International Law

Jane McAdam

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199587087
eISBN:
9780191738494
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587087.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Displacement caused by climate change is an area of growing concern. With current rises in sea levels and changes to the global climate, it is an issue of fundamental importance to the future of many ... More


Postscript: A Guide to Action

Daniel B. Botkin

in The Moon in the Nautilus Shell: Discordant Harmonies Reconsidered

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199913916
eISBN:
9780190267919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199913916.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This postscript argues that choosing a course of action to address the environmental problems on Earth, such as climate change, is a design problem, rather than a search for the single “true” ... More


Outlook: Crustaceans in the Anthropocene

Karolina Bącela-Spychalska, Gary C. B. Poore, and Michał Grabowski

in Evolution and Biogeography: Volume 8

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190637842
eISBN:
9780197538265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190637842.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Since the mid-20th century we have been living in a new geological epoch, Anthropocene, characterized by an overwhelming impact of human activity on the Earth’s ecosystems, leading to mass species ... More


Where the Dry Forest Feeds the Sea: The Gulf of Nicoya Estuary

José A. Vargas and Alfonso Mata

in Biodiversity Conservation in Costa Rica: Learning the Lessons in a Seasonal Dry Forest

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223097
eISBN:
9780520937772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223097.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on the Gulf of Nicoya estuary located in the northwestern part of the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. It discusses the main physical, chemical, and biological features of the ... More


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