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Stochastic intertemporal optimization: Long-term debt continuous time

Jerome L. Stein

in Stochastic Optimal Control, International Finance, and Debt Crises

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199280575
eISBN:
9780191603501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280576.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter answers the following technical questions: In a stochastic environment, where the return on capital and the interest rate are stochastic, what is an optimal (1) long-term debt, (2) ... More


Techniques for surveying exploited species

E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe

in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198530367
eISBN:
9780191713095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter summarizes the methods available for estimating the population parameters that may be needed to assess biological sustainability, including population abundance, population and ... More


Economic Growth in China: Prospect

John Knight

in China's Remarkable Economic Growth

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698691
eISBN:
9780191739118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698691.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses some other important consequences of rapid growth. It considers the prospect for China's continued rapid economic growth. It examines the various factors that might slow down ... More


Geographic Range Expansion of Exotic Birds

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Once an exotic species has successfully established a self-sustaining population, it may spread beyond its initial point of introduction and establish meaningful interactions with species native to ... More


Supply and Demand Influences on the Rate of Growth

Christopher Dow

in Major Recessions: Britain and the World 1920-1995

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241231
eISBN:
9780191596179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241236.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This book is mostly about demand, and how in the short term fluctuations in demand cause fluctuations in output and productivity growth. Over the longer term, major variations in growth rates have ... More


Development of sexual size dimorphism in lizards: testosterone as a bipotential growth regulator

Henry B. John-Alder and Robert M. Cox

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Sexual size dimorphism (SSD) is widespread in lizards but little is known about why males are larger than females in most species, while the opposite is true in many others. This chapter presents ... More


Flexible Population and Avoidance of Malthusian Poverty

Michio Morishima

in Theory of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281641
eISBN:
9780191596667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281641.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

So far, this book has been concerned with an economy where the labour force increases at a given constant rate, independently of the real wage rate and other economic factors.. However, the rate of ... More


Possibility of Persistent Growth Equilibrium

Michio Morishima

in Theory of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281641
eISBN:
9780191596667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281641.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Examines the possibility of persistent growth equilibrium. The first part of the chapter looks at price‐guided choice of techniques and factor‐price frontiers. The second digresses into the degree of ... More


A Neo‐Classical Passage to Growth Equilibrium

Michio Morishima

in Theory of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281641
eISBN:
9780191596667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281641.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Investigates whether a series of the short‐run equilibria starting from an arbitrarily (or historically) given capital–labour endowment will eventually approach the state of the long‐run or ‘Silvery ... More


A Theory of the Decreasing Term Structure of Discount Rates

Christian Gollier

in Pricing the Planet's Future: The Economics of Discounting in an Uncertain World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148762
eISBN:
9781400845408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148762.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter aims to provide a unified theoretical foundation to the term structure of discount rates. To do this the chapter develops a benchmark model based on two assumptions: individual ... More


Respiration in aquatic protists

Tom Fenchel

in Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527084
eISBN:
9780191713347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527084.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter considers aspects of oxygen uptake in protists, emphasizing the coupling to energy metabolism. Microorganisms potentially grow very fast and so for growing cells, the largest part of ... More


Why Growth Rates Differ, I

Maurice FitzGerald Scott

in A New View of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287421
eISBN:
9780191596872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287429.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A linear equation, in which growth of output is determined by the share of investment and the growth of quality‐adjusted employment, is derived from the model, and fitted by ordinary least squares ... More


Why Has China Grown So Fast For So Long?

Khalid Malik

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198078838
eISBN:
9780199081646
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198078838.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

For analysts China presents a conundrum. It is clear that China has made rapid progress, and the landscape of the world is changing due to China’s unique position. Yet for decades, many have ... More


The Facts to be Explained

Christopher Dow

in Major Recessions: Britain and the World 1920-1995

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241231
eISBN:
9780191596179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241236.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

A summary is given of the chief relevant facts and background information about the UK and the other main economies in the period since 1920, showing what happens to the relation between costs and ... More


The Role of Knowledge and Capital in Economic Growth

SERGIO REBELO

in Information Technology, Productivity, and Economic Growth: International Evidence and Implications for Economic Development

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243983
eISBN:
9780191697319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243983.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

One of the most active fields of research in economics over the last fifteen years includes the determination of the forces which affect the economic growth rate. While researchers have already been ... More


Protection and Capital Accumulation

W. Max Corden

in Trade Policy and Economic Welfare

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198775348
eISBN:
9780191715471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198775342.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Analyses how protection can affect saving, investment, and, through the latter, the rate of growth. The answers hinge in part on the static effects of protection on real income. Protection can also ... More


China's Remarkable Economic Growth

John Knight and Sai Ding

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698691
eISBN:
9780191739118
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698691.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Financial Economics

How has the Chinese economy managed to grow at such a remarkable rate — no less than ten per cent per annum — for over three decades? This book combines economic theory, empirical estimation, and ... More


Pollution as a Stock

Alfred Greiner and Willi Semmler

in The Global Environment, Natural Resources, and Economic Growth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328233
eISBN:
9780199869985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328233.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents an extension of the model analyzed in Chapter 4. The model is studied assuming that production leads to emissions that build up a stock of pollution that negatively affects ... More


The Role of Species Traits in Establishment Success

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter considers the influence of species-level traits in the establishment success of exotic birds. Previous treatments of such traits have failed to find consistent associations between ... More


Harrodian Knife‐Edge in a Keynes‐Type ‘Fixprice’ Economy

Michio Morishima

in Theory of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281641
eISBN:
9780191596667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281641.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Among the assumptions underlying the analysis of stability of growth equilibrium already made in the book, the following two have played the most important roles in deriving the conclusions: first, ... More


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