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Physiological Effects and Disease Manifestations of Performance-Enhancing Androgenic–Anabolic Steroids, Growth Hormone, and Insulin

Michael R. Graham, Julien S. Baker, Peter Evans, and Bruce Davies

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AASs) can be used to increase muscle mass and strength in adult males. Despite successful detection and convictions by sporting anti-doping agencies, they are still ... More


Hormonal Influences on Brain Plasticity: III. Peptide Hormones

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter examines the role of peptide hormones in the regulation of neural mutability and the involved cellular and molecular mechanisms. It first considers the effects of vasopressin and ... More


Immune and endocrine systems

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The placebo effect in the immune and endocrine system is basically a conditioned response, whereby classical conditioning plays a key role. Conditioned immunosuppression affects a number of immune ... More


Multiple Uses and Markets for Human Growth Hormone

Maureen D. McKelvey

in Evolutionary Innovations: The Business of Biotechnology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297246
eISBN:
9780191685316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297246.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Knowledge Management

This chapter examines the interdependencies between knowledge-seeking activities and agents setting environmental conditions over the definitions of multiple uses of, and markets for, the ... More


Generating Research: the Mid- to Late 1970s

Maureen D. McKelvey

in Evolutionary Innovations: The Business of Biotechnology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297246
eISBN:
9780191685316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297246.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Knowledge Management

This chapter continues the analysis of early scientific and technological activities in the late 1970s which is now relevant to the commercial uses of genetic engineering. In late 1977, the ... More


The evolutionary context of human aging and degenerative disease

Steven N. Austad and Caleb E. Finch

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews evidence on human aging. Humans are the longest-lived primate. Trade-offs modulate human life span. ‘Longevity genes’ that protect against disease may slow the aging processes in ... More


Understanding Genetic Engineering

Maureen D. McKelvey

in Evolutionary Innovations: The Business of Biotechnology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297246
eISBN:
9780191685316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297246.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Knowledge Management

This chapter discusses the use of genetic engineering to make pharmaceuticals available for human medical use. It focuses in particular on human growth hormone (hGH) and to lesser extent, on insulin. ... More


Immune and endocrine systems

Benedetti Fabrizio

in Placebo Effects: 2nd Edition: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198705086
eISBN:
9780191789151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705086.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The placebo effect in the immune and endocrine system is basically a conditioned response, whereby classical conditioning plays a key role. Conditioned immunosuppression affects a number of immune ... More


Conclusions for Science and Technology

Maureen D. McKelvey

in Evolutionary Innovations: The Business of Biotechnology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297246
eISBN:
9780191685316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297246.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Knowledge Management

This chapter draws some conclusions about science and technology based on the theoretical and empirical discussions in previous chapters. Both scientific and technological activities involve ... More


Something Is Missing

David Sarokin and Jay Schulkin

in Missed Information: Better Information for Building a Wealthier, More Sustainable Future

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034920
eISBN:
9780262336253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034920.003.0006
Subject:
Information Science, Library Science

Consumers have access to substantial information on the products they buy, but much information is missing. “Sustainability information” – about traits like greenhouse gases, child labor, toxic ... More


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