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New Opportunities, New Initiatives: AWOC, Teamsters, and the FWA (1959–1962)

Marshall Ganz

in Why David Sometimes Wins: Leadership, Strategy and the Organization in the California Farm Worker Movement

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195162011
eISBN:
9780199943401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162011.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

In the late 1950s and early 1960s, changes in American political, economic, and social life—and the expectation that the bracero program was in its final days—once again opened a door for organizers ... More


Meeting the Counterattack: DiGiorgio, the Teamsters, and UFWOC (1966)

Marshall Ganz

in Why David Sometimes Wins: Leadership, Strategy and the Organization in the California Farm Worker Movement

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195162011
eISBN:
9780199943401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162011.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Even as the breakthrough with Schenley yielded a host of new opportunities for the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA), it called forth a powerful counterattack from the other Delano growers, ... More


Bordeaux

James Simpson

in Creating Wine: The Emergence of a World Industry, 1840-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136035
eISBN:
9781400838882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136035.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter follows the long history of commercial relations between many British ports and Bordeaux. It begins by examining the long-run changes in wine production and trade during the nineteenth ... More


Introduction

Hudson Cattell

in Wines of Eastern North America: From Prohibition to the Present-A History and Desk Reference

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451980
eISBN:
9780801469008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451980.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter provides a brief background of the wine industry in eastern North America. Throughout the years, the East has had to depend on its own resources to build its wine industry. ... More


From the Ground Up: Fumigants, Ozone, and Health

Adam Tompkins

in Ghostworkers and Greens: The Cooperative Campaigns of Farmworkers and Environmentalists for Pesticide Reform

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801456688
eISBN:
9781501704215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801456688.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter examines the local and international politics underlying the bitter struggle to end usage of methyl bromide. Animal-based studies showed that methyl bromide is a mutagen and reproductive ... More


“The Damndest Railroading You Ever Heard Of”: Marketing the Produce of Western Farms

Richard J. Orsi

in Sunset Limited: The Southern Pacific Railroad and the Development of the American West, 1850-1930

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520200197
eISBN:
9780520940864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520200197.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the marketing activities of the Southern Pacific Company. The first section pinpoints the marketing problems that affected the Southern Pacific Company. The second section of ... More


The Effect of Laws That Foster Agricultural Bargaining: Apple Growers in Michigan and New York State

Shelly Grow, Amy Guptill, Elizabeth Higgins, Thomas A. Lyson, and Rick Welsh

in Food and the Mid-Level Farm: Renewing an Agriculture of the Middle

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262122993
eISBN:
9780262278751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262122993.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter explores the role of protective laws for agricultural growers in fostering the development of agricultural bargaining cooperatives, using the examples of New York and Michigan apple ... More


Hidden Hands of the Harvest

Adam Tompkins

in Ghostworkers and Greens: The Cooperative Campaigns of Farmworkers and Environmentalists for Pesticide Reform

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801456688
eISBN:
9781501704215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801456688.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter examines the growth of a large marginalized, often migratory, workforce that was systematically disempowered by growers and government: the farmworkers. The modernization and ... More


A Different Kind of Border War: Arizona, 1971–1986

Adam Tompkins

in Ghostworkers and Greens: The Cooperative Campaigns of Farmworkers and Environmentalists for Pesticide Reform

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801456688
eISBN:
9781501704215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801456688.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter focuses on the pesticide conflict that pitted Arizona growers and the state’s Board of Pesticide Control (BPC) against farmworkers and suburban families during the 1970s and 1980s. In ... More


Knowledge and Power in the Scientific Field

Xabier Itçaina, Antoine Roger, and Andy Smith

in Varietals of Capitalism: A Political Economy of the Changing Wine Industry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501700439
eISBN:
9781501703737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501700439.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the relationship between knowledge, science, and power that lay behind the 2008 wine policy reform. In France, beginning in the nineteenth century, organizations of wine growers ... More


Cultivating Science, Harvesting Power: Science and Industrial Agriculture in California

Christopher R. Henke

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083737
eISBN:
9780262275286
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083737.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Just south of San Francisco lies California’s Salinas Valley, the heart of a multi-billion dollar agricultural industry that dominates U. S. vegetable production. How did this sleepy valley become ... More


Food and the Mid-Level Farm: Renewing an Agriculture of the Middle

Thomas A. Lyson, G. W. Stevenson, and Rick Welsh (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262122993
eISBN:
9780262278751
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262122993.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Agriculture in the United States today increasingly operates in two separate spheres: Large, corporate-connected commodity production and distribution systems; and small-scale farms that market ... More


The New Cotton Culture

D. Clayton Brown

in King Cotton in Modern America: A Cultural, Political, and Economic History since 1945

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604737981
eISBN:
9781604737998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604737981.003.0020
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the disappearance of the old cotton culture with the advent mechanization, the advancement of civil rights, and the expansion of the national economy; the new meaning of cotton ... More


A New World?: Neoliberalism and Fair Trade Farming in the Eastern Caribbean

Mark Moberg

in Fair Trade and Social Justice: Global Ethnographies

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814796207
eISBN:
9780814765005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814796207.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the link between neoliberalism and fair trade farming in the Eastern Caribbean. More specifically, it considers whether the fair trade movement's social justice and economic ... More


Fair Flowers: Environmental and Social Labeling in the Global Cut Flower Trade

Catherine Ziegler

in Fair Trade and Social Justice: Global Ethnographies

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814796207
eISBN:
9780814765005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814796207.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how fair trade certification differs from competing certifying organizations in the cut flower industry, and what benefits these certifications bring to growers, farm workers, ... More


Is Relationship Marketing an Alternative to the Corporatization of Organics? A Case Study of OFARM

Amy Guptill and Rick Welsh

in Food and the Mid-Level Farm: Renewing an Agriculture of the Middle

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262122993
eISBN:
9780262278751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262122993.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter investigates the functioning and structure of the Organic Farmers’ Association for Relationship Marketing (OFARM) to assess the benefits of its business models for organic commodity ... More


The Importance of Being Asian: Growers, the United Farm Workers, and the Rise of Colorblindness

Matthew Garcia

in Racial Formation in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520273436
eISBN:
9780520953765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273436.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter examines a process of racial formation among grape growers in rural California during the twentieth century. More specifically, it considers the racialization of Japanese and Armenian ... More


The Benefits and Sustainability of Organic Farming by Peasant Coffee Farmers in Chiapas, Mexico

María Elena Martínez-Torres

in Confronting the Coffee Crisis: Fair Trade, Sustainable Livelihoods and Ecosystems in Mexico and Central America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026338
eISBN:
9780262267526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026338.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Drawing on survey data from small coffee producer cooperatives in the state of Chiapas, Mexico, this chapter assesses the sustainability of different coffee-production technologies, the role of which ... More


A Grower Typology Approach to Assessing the Environmental Impact of Coffee Farming in Veracruz, Mexico

Carlos Guadarrama-Zugasti

in Confronting the Coffee Crisis: Fair Trade, Sustainable Livelihoods and Ecosystems in Mexico and Central America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026338
eISBN:
9780262267526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026338.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter outlines the use of a coffee grower typology approach for identifying heterogeneity in farm production strategies in Veracruz, Mexico. Three typologies, with their defining criteria, ... More


Seeing No Evil: The H2A Guest-Worker Program and State-Mediated Labor Exploitation in Rural North Carolina

Sandy Smith-Nonini

in Latin American Migrations to the U.S. Heartland: Changing Social Landscapes in Middle America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037665
eISBN:
9780252094927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037665.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

Labor relations are a paramount consideration in crop agriculture, a labor-intensive industry that is dependent on land. The U.S. government has long regulated the supply of foreign farm labor on ... More


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