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New Opportunities, New Initiatives: AWOC, Teamsters, and the FWA (1959–1962)

Marshall Ganz

in Why David Sometimes Wins: Leadership, Strategy and the Organization in the California Farm Worker Movement

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195162011
eISBN:
9780199943401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162011.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

In the late 1950s and early 1960s, changes in American political, economic, and social life—and the expectation that the bracero program was in its final days—once again opened a door for organizers ... More


Meeting the Counterattack: DiGiorgio, the Teamsters, and UFWOC (1966)

Marshall Ganz

in Why David Sometimes Wins: Leadership, Strategy and the Organization in the California Farm Worker Movement

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195162011
eISBN:
9780199943401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162011.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Even as the breakthrough with Schenley yielded a host of new opportunities for the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA), it called forth a powerful counterattack from the other Delano growers, ... More


Bordeaux

James Simpson

in Creating Wine: The Emergence of a World Industry, 1840-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136035
eISBN:
9781400838882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136035.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter follows the long history of commercial relations between many British ports and Bordeaux. It begins by examining the long-run changes in wine production and trade during the nineteenth ... More


Chocolate: Luxury and Livelihood

Dale Walters

in Chocolate Crisis: Climate Change and Other Threats to the Future of Cacao

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781683401674
eISBN:
9781683402343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683401674.003.0015
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

More than half of the world’s chocolate comes from two countries in West Africa where it is produced by smallholders working just a few acres of land, and who have likely never tasted chocolate. ... More


Introduction

Hudson Cattell

in Wines of Eastern North America: From Prohibition to the Present-A History and Desk Reference

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451980
eISBN:
9780801469008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451980.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter provides a brief background of the wine industry in eastern North America. Throughout the years, the East has had to depend on its own resources to build its wine industry. ... More


From the Ground Up: Fumigants, Ozone, and Health

Adam Tompkins

in Ghostworkers and Greens: The Cooperative Campaigns of Farmworkers and Environmentalists for Pesticide Reform

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801456688
eISBN:
9781501704215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801456688.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter examines the local and international politics underlying the bitter struggle to end usage of methyl bromide. Animal-based studies showed that methyl bromide is a mutagen and reproductive ... More


“The Damndest Railroading You Ever Heard Of”: Marketing the Produce of Western Farms

Richard J. Orsi

in Sunset Limited: The Southern Pacific Railroad and the Development of the American West, 1850-1930

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520200197
eISBN:
9780520940864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520200197.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the marketing activities of the Southern Pacific Company. The first section pinpoints the marketing problems that affected the Southern Pacific Company. The second section of ... More


The Effect of Laws That Foster Agricultural Bargaining: Apple Growers in Michigan and New York State

Shelly Grow, Amy Guptill, Elizabeth Higgins, Thomas A. Lyson, and Rick Welsh

in Food and the Mid-Level Farm: Renewing an Agriculture of the Middle

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262122993
eISBN:
9780262278751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262122993.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter explores the role of protective laws for agricultural growers in fostering the development of agricultural bargaining cooperatives, using the examples of New York and Michigan apple ... More


Hidden Hands of the Harvest

Adam Tompkins

in Ghostworkers and Greens: The Cooperative Campaigns of Farmworkers and Environmentalists for Pesticide Reform

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801456688
eISBN:
9781501704215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801456688.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter examines the growth of a large marginalized, often migratory, workforce that was systematically disempowered by growers and government: the farmworkers. The modernization and ... More


A Different Kind of Border War: Arizona, 1971–1986

Adam Tompkins

in Ghostworkers and Greens: The Cooperative Campaigns of Farmworkers and Environmentalists for Pesticide Reform

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801456688
eISBN:
9781501704215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801456688.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter focuses on the pesticide conflict that pitted Arizona growers and the state’s Board of Pesticide Control (BPC) against farmworkers and suburban families during the 1970s and 1980s. In ... More


Knowledge and Power in the Scientific Field

Xabier Itçaina, Antoine Roger, and Andy Smith

in Varietals of Capitalism: A Political Economy of the Changing Wine Industry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501700439
eISBN:
9781501703737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501700439.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the relationship between knowledge, science, and power that lay behind the 2008 wine policy reform. In France, beginning in the nineteenth century, organizations of wine growers ... More


Braceros: Migrant Citizens and Transnational Subjects in the Postwar United States and Mexico

Deborah Cohen

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833599
eISBN:
9781469603391
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899670_cohen
Subject:
History, Economic History

At the beginning of World War II, the United States and Mexico launched the bracero program, a series of labor agreements that brought Mexican men to work temporarily in U.S. agricultural fields. ... More


Cultivating Science, Harvesting Power: Science and Industrial Agriculture in California

Christopher R. Henke

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083737
eISBN:
9780262275286
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083737.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Just south of San Francisco lies California’s Salinas Valley, the heart of a multi-billion dollar agricultural industry that dominates U. S. vegetable production. How did this sleepy valley become ... More


Food and the Mid-Level Farm: Renewing an Agriculture of the Middle

Thomas A. Lyson, G. W. Stevenson, and Rick Welsh (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262122993
eISBN:
9780262278751
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262122993.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Agriculture in the United States today increasingly operates in two separate spheres: Large, corporate-connected commodity production and distribution systems; and small-scale farms that market ... More


Black Urban Growers and the Land Question in Cleveland: Externalities of Gentrification

Justine Lindemann

in A Recipe for Gentrification: Food, Power, and Resistance in the City

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479834433
eISBN:
9781479809042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479834433.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

Black gardeners and farmers in Cleveland, Ohio see themselves as stewards not only of the land they work and live on, but of a culture and historical past rooted in an agrarian relationship to land ... More


Toxic Debt, Liar Loans, Collateralized and Securitized Human Beings, and the Panic of 1873

Edward E. Baptist

in Capitalism Takes Command: The Social Transformation of Nineteenth-Century America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226451091
eISBN:
9780226977997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226977997.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines how slaves, as a highly instrumental financial asset, were systematically collateralized in order to raise the operating funds and long-term credit that enable their masters to ... More


“Sin Maíz, No Hay País�

Chad Broughton

in Boom, Bust, Exodus: The Rust Belt, the Maquilas, and a Tale of Two Cities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199765614
eISBN:
9780197563106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199765614.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

After Three Years of living in the shadows of the United States, Laura Flora Oliveros returned to Mexico in 2004 to reunite with her daughters and her parents in Tierra Blanca, Veracruz. Erika, her ... More


Narrating Class and Nation: Agribusiness and the Construction of Grower Narratives

Deborah Cohen

in Braceros: Migrant Citizens and Transnational Subjects in the Postwar United States and Mexico

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833599
eISBN:
9781469603391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899670_cohen.6
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter turns to growers' expectations for the bracero program and about their farmland, domestic and foreign. It notes that these expectations were conditioned by the long-standing narrative of ... More


Rites of Movement, Technologies of Power: Making Migrants Modern from Home to the Border

Deborah Cohen

in Braceros: Migrant Citizens and Transnational Subjects in the Postwar United States and Mexico

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833599
eISBN:
9781469603391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899670_cohen.8
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter analyzes the bracero selection process as a set of moments in which men recognized, engaged with, accommodated, and resisted state demands that they act like the backward rural men they ... More


Is Relationship Marketing an Alternative to the Corporatization of Organics? A Case Study of OFARM

Amy Guptill and Rick Welsh

in Food and the Mid-Level Farm: Renewing an Agriculture of the Middle

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262122993
eISBN:
9780262278751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262122993.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter investigates the functioning and structure of the Organic Farmers’ Association for Relationship Marketing (OFARM) to assess the benefits of its business models for organic commodity ... More


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