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On Studying Governments

Rudy B. Andeweg

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter gives an overview of approaches to the study of governments, building explicitly on the work of A. King (1975) and C. Campbell (1993), who, respectively, offered three research themes ... More


THE MANAGEMENT OF UNCERTAINTY: ORGANIZATIONS AS DECISION-MAKING SYSTEMS

Chun Wei Choo

in The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Depending on the degree of goal uncertainty and procedural uncertainty, organizational decision making may follow the bounded rationality model, process model, political model, or anarchic model. ... More


Ensemblance: The Transnational Genealogy of Esprit de Corps

Luis de Miranda

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781474454193
eISBN:
9781474480864
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474454193.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book provides the first ever transnational and longue-durée intellectual history of a highly influential but largely understudied modern phrase: esprit de corps. A strong attachment and ... More


Loss of Emotional Management

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Emotions are contagious and under any conditions, human service delivery environments demand the highest levels of emotional labor from workers, who must contain the overwhelming and distressing ... More


Is Decision-making a Rational Process?

Paul Edwards and Judy Wajcman

in The Politics of Working Life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199271900
eISBN:
9780191699559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271900.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Organization Studies

This chapter explores the processes of social group behaviour, which are often analysed through a social psychological perspective that tends to see organizations as having shared purposes or as ... More


Discrimination and Exclusion

Stephanie M. Stern and Daphna Lewinsohn-Zamir

in The Psychology of Property Law

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781479835683
eISBN:
9781479857623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479835683.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reconsiders the persistent problems of discrimination and exclusion in light of psychology research on prejudice and bias. It focuses on three important topics in housing and land use ... More


Situational Social Influence

Donald Palmer

in Normal Organizational Wrongdoing: A Critical Analysis of Theories of Misconduct in and by Organizations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199573592
eISBN:
9780191738715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573592.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter presents the situational social influence explanation of organizational wrongdoing. This explanation is the second of five alternative accounts of wrongdoing considered in the book. It ... More


Crossing the Threshold of B-Mor: Instrumental Commodification and the Model Minority in Chang-rae Lee’s On Such a Full Sea

Jeshua Enriquez

in Dis-Orienting Planets: Racial Representations of Asia in Science Fiction

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781496811523
eISBN:
9781496811561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496811523.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Jeshua Enriquez, in “Crossing the Threshold of B-Mor: Instrumental Commodification and the Model Minority in Chang-rae Lee’s On Such a Full Sea,” examines how Lee’s 2014 novel presents an acutely ... More


The need for theory, critical thinking and practice

Angie Ash

in Safeguarding older people from abuse: Critical contexts to policy and practice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781447305668
eISBN:
9781447311683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305668.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter makes the case for theory-informed and critically-driven public policy and practice interventions to safeguard older people from abuse. The chapter’s first section sets out the case for ... More


Working in Complexity and Doubt

Sandro Galea

in The Contagion Next Time

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780197576427
eISBN:
9780197576458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197576427.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter studies how, when we are faced with complexity and doubt, we can make decisions about health that align with the approach of the Cherokee Nation and avoid some of the mistakes made by ... More


Saving the Planet from Nuclear Weapons and the Human Mind

Paul Erickson, Judy L. Klein, Lorraine Daston, Paul Rebecca, Thomas Sturm, and Michael D. Gordin

in How Reason Almost Lost Its Mind: The Strange Career of Cold War Rationality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226046631
eISBN:
9780226046778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226046778.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Framed around debates concerning the Cuban Missile Crisis, this chapter investigates three contrasting approaches to the intersection of psychology with nuclear strategy. The first is Herman Kahn’s ... More


Ireland

John L. Campbell and John A. Hall

in The Paradox of Vulnerability: States, Nationalism, and the Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691163260
eISBN:
9781400887958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163260.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines how Ireland managed the 2008 financial crisis. It first provides an overview of Ireland's transition from colony to nation-state before discussing its institutions and legacies ... More


Experiencing leadership: Factors in followership

Michael Foley

in Political Leadership: Themes, Contexts, and Critiques

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199685936
eISBN:
9780191765810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685936.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Political leadership is often presented as a top-down and agency-driven process but as this chapter shows, leadership is a relational dynamic that has to include followers to be a viable enterprise. ... More


Control: Patrolling Civil Society

Gary Alan Fine

in The Hinge: Civil Society, Group Cultures, and the Power of Local Commitments

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780226745527
eISBN:
9780226745831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226745831.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Conflict and contention often lead to the desire by those confronted to react with surveillance and enforcement, the topic of Chapter Six, Control. How do challenged groups and threatened ... More


How Decisions Are Made

Neil J. Smelser and John S. Reed

in Usable Social Science

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520273566
eISBN:
9780520954144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273566.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

The social-scientific preoccupation with decision making is interpreted, in part, as reflecting an American cultural emphasis on instrumentalism. Its confusion of meanings as a distinct phenomenon is ... More


The Social Epistemology of Public Uptake

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Conversational Pressure: Normativity in Speech Exchanges

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198856436
eISBN:
9780191889707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856436.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Others’ public reactions to a mutually observed assertion are a significance source of evidence: the fact that our trusted fellows have accepted an assertion can provide us with additional ... More


Step 1: Identify an Issue

Pat Libby

in The Empowered Citizens Guide: 10 Steps to Passing a Law that Matters to You

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780197601631
eISBN:
9780197601662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197601631.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter describes the initial thought and research that citizens must consider and do before they can determine whether their idea is a good one. It warns people away from “groupthink” and ... More


The Trumanite Network

Michael J. Glennon

in National Security and Double Government

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780190206444
eISBN:
9780190206475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190206444.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter describes the origins, operation, and characteristics of the Trumanite network that defines and manages U.S. security policy. The network emerged during the Truman administration, with ... More


Van Winkle Words

Ralph Keyes

in The Hidden History of Coined Words

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780190466763
eISBN:
9780197573921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190466763.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Many coined words lie dormant for a time, a long time even, then – like Rip Van Winkle – re-appear when needed. Such “Van Winkle words” include serendipity, which languished for nearly two centuries ... More


Positioning and Democracy in Teams and Organizations

Hubert J. M Hermans

in Society in the Self: A Theory of Identity in Democracy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190687793
eISBN:
9780190687823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190687793.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

On the basis of a review of literature, the impact of groupthink and the importance of a democratic atmosphere in teams are discussed. An example of leadership in teams is provided by the interaction ... More


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