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Demography: social group size and composition and population density

Thomas T. Struhsaker

in The Red Colobus Monkeys: Variation in Demography, Behavior, and Ecology of Endangered Species

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780198529583
eISBN:
9780191712746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529583.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

An understanding of the parameters affecting intra-and intertaxa demographic variation is critical to both the applied and theoretical evaluation of this variation, such as in the development of ... More


Society: Canid Society

David W. Macdonald, Scott Creel, and Michael G. L. Mills

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515562
eISBN:
9780191705632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter addresses the question of why some canids live in groups, while others do not, and asks what shapes their societies. The behavioural and ecological selective pressures of group living ... More


The Archaeology of Group Size

Matt Grove

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter aims to summarize the results of recent research producing estimates of hominin range areas, population sizes, and land use patterns based on archaeological data. Estimates of such ... More


Groups

Shelly Kagan

in The Geometry of Desert

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199895595
eISBN:
9780199980093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895595.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explains how the Y gap view can be extended to cover cases that involve groups of three or more. It begins with a discussion of the simultaneous baseline approach and the pairwise ... More


Social group transformation

Andrew F. G. Bourke

in Principles of Social Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199231157
eISBN:
9780191774553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231157.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The size–complexity hypothesis proposes that social group transformation (emergence of complex, individualistic groups) occurs when group size increases. Complex social groups exhibit a high degree ... More


The Effects of Social Distinctiveness: The Phenomenology of Being in a Group

Brian Mullen and Carmen Pizzuto

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

What is it like to be a part of a group? What do “We” have in common, and how do “We” differ from “Them?” How do our perceptions of and memories about the ingroup and the outgroup vary as a function ... More


Introduction

David C. Rose

in The Moral Foundation of Economic Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199781744
eISBN:
9780199919116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199781744.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter outlines the book’s unusual approach. Rather than compare characteristics of moral beliefs to levels of economic performance across societies, it undertakes a thought experiment launched ... More


The Empathy Problem

David C. Rose

in The Moral Foundation of Economic Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199781744
eISBN:
9780199919116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199781744.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

In this chapter, group size is shown to pose a serious problem for combating opportunism through harm-based moral restraint. It explains why, if an individual’s implicit theory of moral propriety ... More


Male Mating Strategies and Gorilla Society

Alexander H. Harcourt

in Gorilla Society: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between the Sexes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226316024
eISBN:
9780226316048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226316048.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

Male mating strategies have a large impact on gorilla society. They help to explain the stability of gorilla groups (long male breeding tenure and female group tenure), as well as group composition, ... More


Phase Transitions, Critical Phenomena, and Finite-Size Scaling

Hans-Peter Eckle

in Models of Quantum Matter: A First Course on Integrability and the Bethe Ansatz

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780199678839
eISBN:
9780191878589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199678839.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Interacting many-particle systems may undergo phase transitions and exhibit critical phenomena in the limit of infinite system size, while the precursors of these phenomena are studied in the theory ... More


Time as an Ecological Constraint1

R.I.M. Dunbar, A.H. Korstjens, and Julia Lehmann

in Lucy to Language: The Benchmark Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199652594
eISBN:
9780191804700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0010
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the role of time as a determinant of animal survival or reproduction in a given habitat, mainly by limiting an animal's foraging ability. More specifically, it analyses the time ... More


Financial Research Relating to Trust

George A. Aragon

in Financial Ethics: A Positivist Analysis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195305968
eISBN:
9780199867844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305968.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines trust in the context of ethics and economic anomalies. The purpose is to demonstrate how ethical considerations can describe and predict behavior which is inconsistent with ... More


Bridging the Bonding Gap: The Transition from Primates to Humans1

R.I.M. Dunbar

in Lucy to Language: The Benchmark Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199652594
eISBN:
9780191804700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0013
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the bonded nature of primate social groups and its implications for the structure and origins of multi-level social systems, along with the multi-level selection processes that ... More


The Costs of Being a High-latitude Hominin

Eiluned Pearce, Andrew Shuttleworth, Matt Grove, and R.H. Layton

in Lucy to Language: The Benchmark Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199652594
eISBN:
9780191804700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0016
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the challenges that hominins occupying higher latitudes have had to deal with. More specifically, it analyses how hominins were able to maintain social networks over the larger ... More


The Multicellular Organism as a Social Phenomenon

Jonathan Birch

in The Philosophy of Social Evolution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198733058
eISBN:
9780191797491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198733058.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

As Hamilton observed, the stability of cooperation within clonal groups of cells is no mystery, since the cells’ inclusive fitness interests are aligned. However, the process of social group ... More


Social complexity and the brain

Richard W. Byrne

in Evolving Insight

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757078
eISBN:
9780191820281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757078.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Research that suggests insight in animal cognition has often focused on large-brained species, and this chapter examines the factors that drive brain-size increase and the benefits conferred. ... More


Female Strategies: Male Influences on Females' Competition, Cooperation, and Grouping

Alexander H. Harcourt

in Gorilla Society: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between the Sexes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226316024
eISBN:
9780226316048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226316048.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

A major facet of gorilla society is the absolute dominance of the male over females, which correlates with his being twice their size. For instance, he supplants the average female nearly ten times ... More


Social Origins: Sharing, Exchange, and Kinship1

Alan Barnard

in Lucy to Language: The Benchmark Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199652594
eISBN:
9780191804700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0020
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines three social aspects of the emergence of language: sharing, exchange, and kinship. Drawing on the work of Robin Dunbar and of Derek Bickerton and William Calvin, it looks at the ... More


Bridgework: On the calling upon of old friends and new acquaintances to join together

Emmanuel David

in Women of the Storm: Civic Activism after Hurricane Katrina

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780252041266
eISBN:
9780252099861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041266.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter focuses on internal and external factors that shaped decisions about participant recruitment. It focuses on membership diversification efforts, particularly with respect to race, ... More


Why Culture Matters Most

David C. Rose

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780199330720
eISBN:
9780190918712
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199330720.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

A society’s culture can lock in beliefs and practices that inevitably produce persistent poverty and tyranny. But a society’s culture can also provide a foundation for maximizing general prosperity ... More


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