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Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Samir Okasha

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Does natural selection act primarily on individual organisms, on groups, on genes, or on whole species? This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the long-standing controversy in evolutionary ... More


The Group Selection Controversy

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the notorious issue of group selection in behavioural ecology, one of the mainstays of the traditional levels of selection debate. The history of the group selection controversy ... More


Is Human Morality Innate ?

Richard Joyce

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter seeks to clarify the meaning of the claim that human morality is innate. It argues that if human morality is indeed innate, an explanation may be provided that does not resort to an ... More


What Has Worked: ImproviNg Cooperation within Species

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses approaches that have worked in the past in improving cooperation within species. Taking a multidisciplinary approach, with evolutionary biology at the center, it argues that we ... More


Making a Good Impression

Matt J. Rossano

in Supernatural Selection: How Religion Evolved

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195385816
eISBN:
9780199870080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385816.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 2 presents the first part of religion’s evolutionary story. It is argued that our ancestors went through a critical social transformation sometime between 100,000 and 60,000 years ago and ... More


Cooperation and Organizations

Lee Cronk and Beth L. Leech

in Meeting at Grand Central: Understanding the Social and Evolutionary Roots of Cooperation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154954
eISBN:
9781400845484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154954.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines the role that institutions and organizations play in making cooperation possible as we go about our everyday lives. Successful organizations are often the ones that build on the ... More


Social Behavior and Evolutionary Thought

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book demonstrates the generality of inclusive fitness theory, with particular emphasis on its fundamental evolutionary logic. It presents the basic mathematical theory of natural selection and ... More


Culture Without Mind: Sociobiology and Group Selection

SCOTT ATRAN

in In Gods We Trust: The Evolutionary Landscape of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195178036
eISBN:
9780199850112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178036.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explores how an intentional (goal-directed) and affective sense of agency can extend to nonhuman elements of the surrounding environment, creating intimacy with and care for Nature. ... More


Choosing Controls in Biologic Psychiatry

Ezra Susser, Sharon Schwartz, Alfredo Morabia, and Evelyn J. Bromet

in Psychiatric Epidemiology: Searching for the Causes of Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195101812
eISBN:
9780199864096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101812.003.21
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

One of the most difficult and intellectually intriguing tasks of a biologic case-control study is the selection of the control group. An inappropriate control group can mask the presence of a true ... More


 Keeping Your Balance

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter focuses on the existence of Nash equilibria. The existence problem is first introduced with pure-strategy reaction curves for Noisy and Silent Duel. A proof of John Nash's existence ... More


The Evolution of Altruism through Group Selection and Imperfect Design

Dennis L. Krebs

in The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199778232
eISBN:
9780199897261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778232.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews accounts of the evolution of altruism through group selection, and explains how imperfections in the design of evolved mental mechanisms can give rise to altruistic acts. ... More


Associative Effects: Competition, Social Interactions, Group and Kin Selection

Bruce Walsh and Michael Lynch

in Evolution and Selection of Quantitative Traits

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198830870
eISBN:
9780191868986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830870.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The phenotypes of those individuals with which an focal individual interacts often influences the trait value in the focal individual. Maternal effects is a classic example of this phenomena, as is ... More


For Individualism, Against Collectivism

Philip Pettit

in The Common Mind: An Essay on Psychology, Society, and Politics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195106459
eISBN:
9780199872251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195106458.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The issue between individualism and collectivism is whether society involves the presence of any regularities or forces which compromise the picture of human beings as intentional agents – the ... More


Multilevel Selection in a Broader Hierarchical Perspective

Telmo Pievani and Andrea Parravicini

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Since Darwin, multilevel selection has been the key concept of the hierarchical approach to evolution. The debate around the significance of group selection as an evolutionary phenomenon (in both an ... More


Game Theory without Rationality

Paul Erickson

in The World the Game theorists Made

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226097039
eISBN:
9780226097206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226097206.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the 1970s game theory made several appearances in evolutionary biology that led to enduring theoretical traditions within the field – most notably, the concept of an “evolutionarily stable ... More


The Evolution of Sociality

Michael J. Wade

in Adaptation in Metapopulations: How Interaction Changes Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226129563
eISBN:
9780226129877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226129877.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter contains a discussion of Maynard Smith’s conceptual distinction between kin and group selection. The author discusses the design and experimental study of kin selection for and against ... More


Group Selection in the 1970s

Michael J. Wade

in Adaptation in Metapopulations: How Interaction Changes Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226129563
eISBN:
9780226129877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226129877.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the dawn of kin selection and its perception as an alternative to group selection in the early 1970ies. Maynard Smith’s distinction between individual and group selection and ... More


Selection among Groups

Richard Mcelreath and Robert Boyd

in Mathematical Models of Social Evolution: A Guide for the Perplexed

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226558264
eISBN:
9780226558288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226558288.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In his book Animal Dispersion in Relation to Social Behavior, ornithologist V. C. Wynne-Edwards argued that many enigmatic bird behaviors functioned to prevent over-population. The book generated a ... More


Introduction

Michael J. Wade

in Adaptation in Metapopulations: How Interaction Changes Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226129563
eISBN:
9780226129877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226129877.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter traces the history of metapopulation studies from the introduction of the term by Levins in 1970 to its investigation in a variety of field, theoretical and laboratory systems. The ... More


Career Beginnings and Science after the Thesis

Michael J. Wade

in Adaptation in Metapopulations: How Interaction Changes Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226129563
eISBN:
9780226129877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226129877.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The author’s career options and interviews after completing his doctoral dissertation on group selection. The methods and terminology from animal breeding and family selection and their utility in ... More


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