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Epistemic Failures of Deliberation

Hélène Landemore

in Democratic Reason: Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155654
eISBN:
9781400845538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155654.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers several objections—some empirical, some theoretical—to the claim that deliberation has positive epistemic properties. It uses a theory recently developed in evolutionary ... More


THE MANAGEMENT OF UNCERTAINTY: ORGANIZATIONS AS DECISION-MAKING SYSTEMS

Chun Wei Choo

in The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Depending on the degree of goal uncertainty and procedural uncertainty, organizational decision making may follow the bounded rationality model, process model, political model, or anarchic model. ... More


How talk informs

Robert E. Goodin

in Innovating Democracy: Democratic Theory and Practice After the Deliberative Turn

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199547944
eISBN:
9780191720116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547944.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Insofar as the reason ‘why’ we want deliberative democracy is just to pool information, what justifies so much emphasis among deliberative democrats on talking face-to-face to the exclusion of other ... More


Organizational Learning Disabilities and Organizational Amnesia

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter has a wide focus, covering many of the cognitive problems that are secondary to chronic organizational stress. Stress interferes with organizational learning, organizational memory is ... More


Killing in the Name Of: Collective Intentionality and Group Hate

Berit Brogaard

in Hatred: Understanding Our Most Dangerous Emotion

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190084448
eISBN:
9780190084479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190084448.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter grapples with the nature of group hate and collective hate. Group hate is hate targeted at groups or individuals because of their group membership. Collective hate is hate that a group ... More


The Social Costs of Grandstanding

Justin Tosi and Brandon Warmke

in Grandstanding: The Use and Abuse of Moral Talk

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190900151
eISBN:
9780190900182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190900151.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter presents some consequentialist considerations against moral grandstanding. Grandstanding contributes to group polarization. Relatedly, grandstanding leads people to hold false beliefs, ... More


Hatred: Understanding Our Most Dangerous Emotion

Berit Brogaard

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190084448
eISBN:
9780190084479
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190084448.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The book explores how personal hatred can foster domestic violence and emotional abuse; how hate-proneness is a main contributor to the aggressive tendencies of borderlines, narcissists, psychopaths, ... More


Episodes in the Mind: Or, Beware when the Paradigm Shifts …!

Joseph P. Forgas

in Most Underappreciated: 50 Prominent Social Psychologists Describe Their Most Unloved Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199778188
eISBN:
9780190256043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199778188.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Joseph P. Forgas reflects on his most underappreciated work: his doctoral research on group polarization. He first discusses the “crisis” in social psychology during the mid-1970s, mainly stemming ... More


Bringing Us Together

Sophia Moskalenko and Clark McCauley

in The Marvel of Martyrdom: The Power of Self-Sacrifice in a Selfish World

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190689322
eISBN:
9780190939526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190689322.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

How and why does a martyr story spread beyond individuals to larger groups, permeating a cultural landscape? What are the social psychological mechanisms that make people want to share the story with ... More


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