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Group Ability Composition on World Knowledge Problems

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines group ability composition and social combination processes on world knowledge tasks. On difficult world knowledge tasks, high-ability persons performed better in cooperative ... More


Social Combination Models

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter studies the historical development of social combination models. The social combination approach assumes that groups combine the group member preferences by some process to formulate a ... More


Self-Control in Groups

John M. Levine, Kira Alexander, and Thomas Hansen

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews theoretical and empirical work on self-regulation at the group level of analysis. We examine how groups exert control over their members and how members respond to these control ... More


Ecological Rationality for Teams and Committees: Heuristics in Group Decision Making

Torsten Reimer and Ulrich Hoffrage

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0096
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter applies the concept of ecological rationality to the context of groups and teams. A summary of agent-based computer simulations is provided in which groups integrated member opinions on ... More


Evaluating Group Performance

Chris Argyris

in Flawed Advice and the Management Trap: How Managers Can Know When They're Getting Good Advice and When They're Not

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195132861
eISBN:
9780199848645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195132861.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter demonstrates how a Model II type of inquiry can be used to evaluate the performance of a group. The vice president in charge of a consulting team asked the five members to meet with him ... More


Organizational Learning Disabilities and Organizational Amnesia

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter has a wide focus, covering many of the cognitive problems that are secondary to chronic organizational stress. Stress interferes with organizational learning, organizational memory is ... More


Appraising Performance: The Dilemmas

Chris Argyris

in Flawed Advice and the Management Trap: How Managers Can Know When They're Getting Good Advice and When They're Not

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195132861
eISBN:
9780199848645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195132861.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter offers a criterion for appraising group performance. There exists a long-standing paradox in the use of performance appraisals. On the one hand, practitioners say that such appraisals ... More


Performing Pacifism: Worship, Plays, and Pageants

Patricia Appelbaum

in Kingdom to Commune: Protestant Pacifist Culture between World War I and the Vietnam Era

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807832677
eISBN:
9781469605975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807889763_appelbaum.9
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

The range of pacifist performance is wide. Individuals and groups enacted their pacifism for intimate gatherings and for the larger public. Speeches, discussion, marches, picket lines, rallies, and ... More


Publish Late, Publish Rarely!: Network Density and Group Performance in Scientific Communication

Staffan Angere and Erik J. Olsson

in Scientific Collaboration and Collective Knowledge: New Essays

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190680534
eISBN:
9780190680565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190680534.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is almost a tautology that scientists should try to be as “connected” as they can. Yet studies have found abundant communication links in a network of inquirers to be detrimental to group ... More


The Short Story in Canada

W. H. New

in The Oxford History of the Novel in English: Volume 12: The Novel in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the South Pacific Since 1950

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199679775
eISBN:
9780191869778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199679775.003.0025
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature, Prose (inc. letters, diaries)

This chapter discusses the history of short fiction in Canada. The first decade of the twenty-first century witnessed several social changes that affected the publication of short stories in Canada. ... More


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