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Self-Control in Groups

John M. Levine, Kira Alexander, and Thomas Hansen

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews theoretical and empirical work on self-regulation at the group level of analysis. We examine how groups exert control over their members and how members respond to these control ... More


The Supreme Court, Social Psychology, and Group Formation

Neal Devins and Will Federspiel

in The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The Justices of the Supreme Court function not just as individuals but also as members of a group. Political science models of Supreme Court decision making, however, focus on the legal and policy ... More


Ecological Rationality for Teams and Committees: Heuristics in Group Decision Making

Torsten Reimer and Ulrich Hoffrage

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0096
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter applies the concept of ecological rationality to the context of groups and teams. A summary of agent-based computer simulations is provided in which groups integrated member opinions on ... More


The Deliberative Justice Experiment

Christopher F. Karpowitz and Tali Mendelberg

in The Silent Sex: Gender, Deliberation, and Institutions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159751
eISBN:
9781400852697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159751.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter looks at how there is no shortage of commentary about women's presence in decision-making groups. Part of the challenge of answering the lingering questions about women's voice and ... More


The “Less-Is-More” Effect in Group Decision Making

Shenghua Luan, Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos, and Torsten Reimer

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

If each member of a group makes less accurate decisions than those of another group, can the former actually make more accurate decisions collectively than the latter? Through four simulation ... More


Simple Heuristics and Information Sharing in Groups

Torsten Reimer and Ulrich Hoffrage

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In today's world of business and politics, collaboration is a common and valued practice. A group's potential to outperform individual decision makers is especially apparent if the knowledge of the ... More


How Groups Use Partial Ignorance to Make Good Decisions

Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos and Torsten Reimer

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0050
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Is prior recognition of decision options used when a group of people tries to decide together which option to choose? And if it is used, how does it affect group performance? To find out, ... More


The Lives of Others: Social Rationality in Animals

Jeffrey R. Stevens and Andrew J. King

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Why do animals attend to the lives of others? Social situations have provided important pressures in the evolution of behavior. In fact, some have argued that the complexities of social life require ... More


Behavioral Studies

Eyal Zamir and Doron Teichman

in Behavioral Law and Economics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190901349
eISBN:
9780190901387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190901349.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Against the background of rational choice theory, this chapter provides an overview of the behavioral sub-disciplines informing behavioral law and economics—including judgment and decision-making ... More


Restorative Justice Experiences Involving Child Victims

Tali Gal

in Child Victims and Restorative Justice: A Needs-Rights Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199744718
eISBN:
9780199897476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744718.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter begins by exploring the potential benefits of restorative justice for child victims. It then reviews five restorative justice programs in New Zealand, Australia, and Canada. All these ... More


Ex Uno Plures: Central Banking by Committee

Alan S. Blinder

in The Quiet Revolution: Central Banking Goes Modern

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100877
eISBN:
9780300127508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100877.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter focuses on whether monetary policy decisions are best made by an individual or by a committee. In the real world, there has been a clear trend in the way central banks organize ... More


Judicial Decision-Making

Eyal Zamir and Doron Teichman

in Behavioral Law and Economics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190901349
eISBN:
9780190901387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190901349.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter discusses the rich behavioral research on judicial decision-making. It opens with general theories of the cognitive process of judicial decision-making, focusing on the story model and ... More


Onwards and Upwards with the Extended Mind: From Individual to Collective Epistemic Action

Georg Theiner

in Developing Scaffolds in Evolution, Culture, and Cognition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019552
eISBN:
9780262314787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019552.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

My goal in this chapter is to show that Kirsh and Maglio’s (1994) distinction between pragmatic and epistemic action can be generalized from the level of individuals to that of groups. The concept of ... More


Loss Aversion: An Overview

Eyal Zamir

in Law, Psychology, and Morality: The Role of Loss Aversion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199972050
eISBN:
9780190215064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199972050.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Chapter 1 provides an overview of loss aversion. After a historical account, it describes the experimental and empirical findings that demonstrate loss aversion and elucidate its relationships to ... More


Era II—The Age of the Market 1

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter discusses the second era of resource use and nonuse—the Age of Market. As resource users consumed vast quantities of raw materials, they found that they increasingly had to compete among ... More


Everyone’s an Expert? Warrants for Expertise

Laura Stark

in Behind Closed Doors: IRBs and the Making of Ethical Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226770864
eISBN:
9780226770888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226770888.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the issue of warrants for expertise based on analysis of actual meeting of an institutional review board (IRB). It suggests that IRB decisions were in part the product of a ... More


The Concept of Herd Behaviour: Its Psychological and Neural Underpinnings

Tatsuya Kameda, Keigo Inukai, Thomas Wisdom, and Wataru Toyokawa

in Contract Governance: Dimensions in Law and Interdisciplinary Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198723202
eISBN:
9780191790294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723202.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Comparative Law

Herding is a key concept underlying various collective phenomena in an increasingly connected world, such as the recent global financial crisis and the spread of civil uprisings in the Middle East. ... More


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