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Kids, Groups, and Crime: Some Implications of a Well-Known Secret

Franklin E. Zimring

in American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181166
eISBN:
9780199943302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181166.003.0024
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter is about youth crime and sentencing policy. The “well-known secret” is this: adolescents commit crimes, as they live their lives, in groups. While the empirical evidence for this ... More


Behavior Between People: Emphasizing the “Act” in Interaction

Christopher R. Agnew and Janice R. Kelly

in Then A Miracle Occurs: Focusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377798
eISBN:
9780199864522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Behaviors involving others, whether in their initiation, their enactment, or their consequences, are of particular interest to social psychologists. Not surprisingly, behaviors featuring the ... More


The Uses of Biology

Carl N. Degler

in In Search of Human Nature: The Decline and Revival of Darwinism in American Social Thought

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195077070
eISBN:
9780199853991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195077070.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter examines social scientists' use of biology in the study of human behavior. The conundrum of the roots of the incest taboo among human beings is surely the most elaborate example of the ... More


The Silent Sex: Gender, Deliberation, and Institutions

Christopher F. Karpowitz and Tali Mendelberg

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159751
eISBN:
9781400852697
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159751.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Do women participate in and influence meetings equally with men? Does gender shape how a meeting is run and whose voices are heard? This book shows how the gender composition and rules of a ... More


Is Decision-making a Rational Process?

Paul Edwards and Judy Wajcman

in The Politics of Working Life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199271900
eISBN:
9780191699559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271900.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Organization Studies

This chapter explores the processes of social group behaviour, which are often analysed through a social psychological perspective that tends to see organizations as having shared purposes or as ... More


Learning and Incentive Systems in Japanese Industry

Kazuo Koike

in The Japanese Firm: Sources of Competitive Strength

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288152
eISBN:
9780191684579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288152.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the character and content of workers' skills on the shop-floor in production workshops and makes clear the learning process in which the skills are formed. It also delves into ... More


The New Handbook of Methods in Nonverbal Behavior Research

Jinni Harrigan, Robert Rosenthal, and Klaus Scherer (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529620
eISBN:
9780191689673
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529620.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book is an updated text. It has new material on coding and methodological issues for a variety of areas in nonverbal behavior: facial actions, vocal behavior, and body movement. Issues relevant ... More


Life in the fast lane: rapid cultural change and the human evolutionary process

Robert Boyd and Peter J. Richerson

in Origins of the Human Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523901
eISBN:
9780191689048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523901.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The population approach to understanding cultural change begins with the premise that culture constitutes a system of inheritance. Since cultural change is a population process, this chapter explores ... More


The Psychology of Speculation in the Financial Markets

Victor Ricciardi

in Financial Behavior: Players, Services, Products, and Markets

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190269999
eISBN:
9780190270025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190269999.003.0026
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the role of speculation in the financial markets that influences individual and group behavior in the form of bubbles and crashes. The chapter highlights behavioral finance ... More


Why National Movements Compete, Fight, and Win

Peter Krause

in Rebel Power: Why National Movements Compete, Fight, and Win

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781501708558
eISBN:
9781501712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501708558.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter discusses the different strengths, challenges, and potential extensions of the Movement Structure Theory (MST). In MST, the key distinction is the number of significant groups, which ... More


Sociology

Robert G. Hagstrom

in Investing: The Last Liberal Art, Second Edition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160100
eISBN:
9780231531016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160100.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines why markets and economies behave as they do from a sociological perspective. Sociology is the study of how people function in society, with the ultimate hope of understanding ... More


Against Group Cognitive States

Robert D. Rupert

in From Individual to Collective Intentionality: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199936502
eISBN:
9780199362530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936502.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the question of whether cognitive states should be attributed to groups. The chapter investigates the explanatory power that cognitive states have insofar as collective actions ... More


The Palestinian National Movement: The Sisyphean Tragedy of Fragmentation

Peter Krause

in Rebel Power: Why National Movements Compete, Fight, and Win

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781501708558
eISBN:
9781501712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501708558.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter on the Palestinian national movement examines the impact of hierarchy on group behavior. It uses a variety of tight within-case comparisons, in which the shifting of variables at ... More


What Is Group Psychology?: Adaptations for Mapping Shared Intentional Stances

David Pietraszewski

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0046
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Many important phenomena in social and developmental psychology can be understood as manifestations of a common set of cognitive structures: a coalitional psychology. The functions of this coalition ... More


Conclusion

Ann Taves

in Revelatory Events: Three Case Studies of the Emergence of New Spiritual Paths

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691131016
eISBN:
9781400884469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691131016.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This concluding chapter highlights the distinctive feature of the three cases—their claim that a suprahuman presence was involved in the emergence process—and discusses its implications for ... More


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