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Rationality, Reasoning, and Group Agency

Philip Pettit

in Emergence in Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199583621
eISBN:
9780191723483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583621.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The rationality of individual agents is secured for the most part by their make‐up or design. Some agents, however — in particular, human beings — rely on the intentional exercise of thinking or ... More


The Function of Justice: Assessing Coercion

Laura Valentini

in Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter develops a new account of the types of social relations that principles of justice are meant to assess. It argues that the function of justice is to limit the ways in which we may ... More


Group Agency and Supervenience *

Christian List and Philip Pettit

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Can groups be rational agents over and above their individual members? Group agents are distinguished by their capacity to mimic the way individual agents act, and this capacity must ‘supervene’ on ... More


Introduction

Christian List and Philip Pettit

in Group Agency: The Possibility, Design, and Status of Corporate Agents

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199591565
eISBN:
9780191725494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591565.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introduction sketches the common eliminativist view that there are no group agents, describes the realist alternative defended in the book, and shows that this view stands midway between two ... More


Group Agency: The Possibility, Design, and Status of Corporate Agents

Christian List and Philip Pettit

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199591565
eISBN:
9780191725494
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591565.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Are companies, churches, and states genuine agents? Or are they just collections of individual agents that give a misleading impression of unity? This question is important, since the answer dictates ... More


Joint Intention and Group Agency

Richard Ekins

in The Nature of Legislative Intent

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646999
eISBN:
9780191741159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646999.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter explains how it is possible for groups to form and act on joint intentions, which do not reduce to the sum of the intentions of each member of the group. It begins by making clear, with ... More


Against Combinations’ and Coalitions’ Duties

Stephanie Collins

in Group Duties: Their Existence and Their Implications for Individuals

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198840275
eISBN:
9780191875762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198840275.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues against the idea that combinations and coalitions are apt to bear duties. It builds on the previous chapter’s conclusion that combinations and coalitions are not moral agents by ... More


Arguments for Combinations’ and Coalitions’ Duties

Stephanie Collins

in Group Duties: Their Existence and Their Implications for Individuals

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198840275
eISBN:
9780191875762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198840275.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines six arguments in favour of the idea that combinations and coalitions are apt to bear duties. The first five arguments assert that combinations’ or coalitions’ duties are the ... More


Collectives and Their Duties

Stephanie Collins

in Group Duties: Their Existence and Their Implications for Individuals

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198840275
eISBN:
9780191875762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198840275.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter fleshes out the Tripartite Model’s conception of collectives and defends the attribution of duties to them. It begins by giving a detailed characterization of collectives and explaining ... More


The Nature of Legislative Intent

Richard Ekins

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646999
eISBN:
9780191741159
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646999.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Is legislative intent a fiction? The legislative assembly is a large, diverse group rather than a single person and it seems a mystery how the intentions of the individual legislators might somehow ... More


The Nature of Legislative Intent

Richard Ekins

in The Nature of Legislative Intent

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646999
eISBN:
9780191741159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646999.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter explains how the legislative assembly forms and acts on intentions, which intentions are the legislative intent. It begins by outlining the standing intention of the legislature, which ... More


To Fill or Not to Fill Individual Responsibility Gaps?

François Tanguay-Renaud

in The Legacy of Ronald Dworkin

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190466411
eISBN:
9780190466442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190466411.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter analyzes Dworkin’s view that there can be morally unsettling individual responsibility gaps (IRGs) in cases of collectively generated bad outcomes. I focus on two of the more provocative ... More


Reasons and Rationality: The Case of Group Agents

Lara Buchak and Philip Pettit

in Weighing and Reasoning: Themes from the Philosophy of John Broome

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199684908
eISBN:
9780191765223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684908.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

John Broome has argued that there are distinct requirements of rationality and reason. Niko Kolodny has defended an error theory about requirements of rationality, arguing that requirements of ... More


From Plural to Institutional Agency: Collective Action II

Kirk Ludwig

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198789994
eISBN:
9780191831560
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789994.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Can institutional agency be understood in terms of informal (plural) group agency? This book argues that the answer is ‘yes’, and more specifically that both can be understood ultimately in terms of ... More


Some Realism about Corporate Rights

Richard Schragger and Micah Schwartzman

in The Rise of Corporate Religious Liberty

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190262525
eISBN:
9780190262563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190262525.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Does it make sense to attribute rights of conscience to corporate entities? A common approach to answering this question is by inquiring into the nature of various types of groups (for example, ... More


Solidarity in Action

Avery Kolers

in A Moral Theory of Solidarity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198769781
eISBN:
9780191822612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769781.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Action in solidarity is in the first instance a case of acting together with others. Yet deference is essential to it. So solidarity can be roughly defined as political action on others’ terms. ... More


Genes and Groups as Agents

Samir Okasha

in Agents and Goals in Evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198815082
eISBN:
9780191852909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815082.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Mind

In some applications of agential thinking in evolutionary biology, genes and groups, rather than individuals, are the entities that are treated as agents with goals. The genes-as-agents concept is ... More


Collectivities as Legal Persons

Visa A.J. Kurki

in A Theory of Legal Personhood

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198844037
eISBN:
9780191879708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844037.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines corporate legal personhood as well as the legal status of collectivities in general. It exposes a number of problems the Orthodox View has as regards the rights and duties of ... More


Coordination Duties

Stephanie Collins

in Group Duties: Their Existence and Their Implications for Individuals

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198840275
eISBN:
9780191875762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198840275.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Given that combinations and coalitions cannot have duties, how are we to charitably reconstruct attributions of duties to them? This chapter answers by using the notion of responsiveness: the notion ... More


Group Lies

Jennifer Lackey

in Lying: Language, Knowledge, Ethics, and Politics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198743965
eISBN:
9780191866791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743965.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

There are often significant consequences that follow from group lies, for both the liars and those lied to. This chapter focuses on the question of what a group lie is. It considers whether group ... More


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