Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 203 items

  • Keywords: gross x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Measuring Advertising Productivity

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter begins by evaluating methods for determining how productive the firm's aggregate advertising spending is in both the short and long runs. Following this, it analyzes methods for ... More


Interacting Brownian Motions and the Gross-Pitaevskii Formula

Stefan Adams and Wolfgang König

in Analysis and Stochastics of Growth Processes and Interface Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239252
eISBN:
9780191716911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239252.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Analysis

Bose–Einstein condensation predicts that, under certain conditions (in particular extremely low temperature), all particles will condense into one state. Some of the physical background is surveyed ... More


 From Obscurity to International Economic Powerhouse: The Evolution of Multinational Corporations

Stephen D. Cohen

in Multinational Corporations and Foreign Direct Investment: Avoiding Simplicity, Embracing Complexity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195179354
eISBN:
9780199783779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179354.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The long historical evolution of MNCs and FDI is more than a chronological timeline; it puts into perspective the larger forces that shaped, facilitated, and encouraged them. Beyond delineating ... More


Physiological integration of innate immunity

David Schneider

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Understanding how insect immunity is regulated requires studying the interactions of all those aspects of physiology that impact immunity. This includes both resistance and tolerance aspects of ... More


A Simple Exposition of Learning by Doing in Endogenous Growth Theory

Dipankar Dasgupta

in Dimensions of Economic Theory and Policy: Essays for Anjan Mukherji

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198073970
eISBN:
9780199081615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198073970.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter presents a unified framework for understanding the implication of ‘learning by doing’ in endogenous growth models. It considers three different ways in which the concept of ‘learning by ... More


Halls of Justice

Ryan M. Irwin

in Gordian Knot: Apartheid and the Unmaking of the Liberal World Order

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199855612
eISBN:
9780199979882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855612.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History, World Modern History

This chapter looks at climax of the 1960s apartheid debate. It focuses on the stakes of a case at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) that pitted the African Group against Pretoria. Beneath the ... More


Jīva

Arvind Sharma

in Modern Hindu Thought: An Introduction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195676389
eISBN:
9780199081974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195676389.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

In classical Hinduism, a jīva can become a human being in the course of his existence. However, the process is far from simple. According to some expositors of Hinduism, a jīva is granted a human ... More


Samuelson and the Keynes/Post Keynesian Revolution

Paul Davidson

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter appraises the many versions of Keynes — Old Neoclassical, New Keynesians, Old Classical or New Classical Theorists — as adopting Keynesian general theory as their basic framework. It ... More


Scientific Languages, Ontology, and Truth

Jody Azzouni

in Talking About Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations and Fictions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199738946
eISBN:
9780199866175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738946.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter first describes older approaches to the unity of science: strong reductionism and supervenience, and relates their drawbacks to the widespread practice—in the sciences—of referring to ... More


Measuring the Quantities of Fixed Factors

W. M. Gorman

C. Blackorby and A. F. Shorrocks (eds)

in Separability and Aggregation: The Collected Works of W. M. Gorman, Volume I

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285212
eISBN:
9780191596322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285213.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This paper appeared in the Hicks Festschrift in 1968 (Value, Capital and Growth: Essays in Honour of Sir John Hicks, ed. J. N. Wolfe. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press). It is a substantial ... More


The Bose alkali gases

A.J. Leggett

in Quantum Liquids: Bose condensation and Cooper pairing in condensed-matter systems

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198526438
eISBN:
9780191711954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526438.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter starts with a discussion of the structure and properties of individual alkali atoms, and of trapping and diagnostic techniques. It is shown that under the conditions normally satisfied ... More


Phase Transitions Near Two Dimensions

JEAN ZINN-JUSTIN

in Quantum Field Theory and Critical Phenomena

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509233
eISBN:
9780191708732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509233.003.0031
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses the generic O(N) non-linear σ-model. One property which plays an essential role is the UV asymptotic freedom of the σ-model in two dimensions. Some of its properties are ... More


Regional Development

Rosario G. Manasan and Shiladitya Chatterjee

in The Philippine Economy: Development, Policies, and Challenges

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195158984
eISBN:
9780199869107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195158989.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Attempts to evaluate the progress that has been made to date in reducing spatial inequality. More specifically, it aims to evaluate the pattern of regional economic development from 1975 to 2000, ... More


A Culpable State of Mind

Guenael Mettraux

in The Law of Command Responsibility

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559329
eISBN:
9780191705304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559329.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Public International Law

This chapter discusses each and every aspect of the relevant mens rea or state of mind relevant to the doctrine of superior responsibility both under customary international law and in the Statute of ... More


Mortal Remains

David Ellis

in Death and the Author: How D. H. Lawrence Died, and Was Remembered

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199546657
eISBN:
9780191701443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546657.003.0021
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter discusses the life of Frieda. Otto Gross described Frieda as a woman of the future whose laughter and loving had kept her soul free of ‘the curse and dirt of two gloomy millennia’. She ... More


Equality-Efficiency Trade-offs: Japanese Perceptions and Choices

Ronald Dore

in The Japanese Firm: Sources of Competitive Strength

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288152
eISBN:
9780191684579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288152.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter identifies the source of the finely graded organizational pay differential, which suppresses gross income inequality in Japan, with ‘a valued sense of togetherness’ held among the ... More


The Whitehall Spending Departments

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

This chapter classifies the departments in Whitehall involved in expenditure policies as there are a number of organisations classified as ‘units’ for the purpose of the public expenditure and Supply ... More


A ‘Public Works State’

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Historically, Japan invested, and continues to invest, a greater proportion of its gross domestic product (GDP) in gross fixed capital formation than comparable industrialized countries. General ... More


Winning and Losing in the FILP Budget

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0024
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Analysis of Japan's Fiscal Investment Loan Programme (FILP) Budget outputs is beset with definitional traps and methodological hazards. The FILP Budget can be, and is, defined gross budget or net ... More


The Rush to Patent

Solly Angel

in The Tale of the Scale: An Odyssey of Invention

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195158687
eISBN:
9780199849826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158687.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

There was no doubt that California and the New York metropolitan area at the close of the twentieth century were the most inventive and creative places, in terms of generating patented inventions. As ... More


View: