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Grooming

J. Wayne Aldridge

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses grooming in rats. Topics covered include implications of syntactical grooming for nervous system function, neural substrates for coding of grooming syntax, and role of dopamine ... More


The directed scratch: evidence for a referential gesture in chimpanzees? *

Simone Pika and John C. Mitani

in The Prehistory of Language

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199545872
eISBN:
9780191720369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545872.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter presents observations that suggest wild chimpanzees use a gesture, the directed scratch, in a referential fashion. Directed scratches share two crucial components with homesign systems. ... More


Social behaviour and relationships

Vernon Reynolds

in The Chimpanzees of the Budongo Forest: Ecology, Behaviour and Conservation

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515463
eISBN:
9780191705656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515463.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The grooming, sexual behaviour, and relationships of chimpanzees are described. Both sexes are promiscuous. Female chimpanzees display sexual swellings when in receptive condition and males compete ... More


Social behavior and reproduction

Thomas T. Struhsaker

in The Red Colobus Monkeys: Variation in Demography, Behavior, and Ecology of Endangered Species

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780198529583
eISBN:
9780191712746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529583.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter describes the intragroup social behaviour of red colobus, including grooming, reproduction, aggression, and miscellaneous behaviour. Most of the information comes from the detailed and ... More


The Grooming of Children, Families, and Communities

Anne‐Marie McAlinden

in 'Grooming' and the Sexual Abuse of Children: Institutional, Internet, and Familial Dimensions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583720
eISBN:
9780191758263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583720.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter seeks to examine critically the multiple meanings of grooming within the context of offending processes as they take place with particular children, families, and communities. It ... More


January 2005: Prevention as the Cure

Kenneth McK Norrie

in Professor Norrie's Commentaries on Family Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9781845861193
eISBN:
9781474406246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781845861193.003.0023
Subject:
Law, Family Law

Discusses the approach to child protection contained in the Protection of Children and Prevention of Sexual Offences (Scotland) Bill, which became an Act in 2005. This is the Act that outlawed the ... More


Thermo-insulation: a limiting factor

Hans Kruuk

in Otters: Ecology, behaviour and conservation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198565871
eISBN:
9780191728228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565871.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Thermo-insulation of otters' bodies depends almost entirely on fur. Hair density is relatively high. Body temperature is maintained partly through behaviour, including increased activity before ... More


The Origin and Subsequent Evolution of Language

Robin I. M. Dunbar

in Language Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199244843
eISBN:
9780191715167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244843.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter contends that language could have originated as a device for bonding in large social groups. Grooming is the mechanism of choice among primates to bond social groups, but human social ... More


Simple Reactions to Nearby Neighbors and Complex Social Behavior in Primates

Charlotte K. Hemelrijk

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Simple behavioral reactions to nearby neighbors may result in great variety of patterns of social interactions, social relationships, and social organization than has been previously assumed. ... More


'Grooming' and the Sexual Abuse of Children: Institutional, Internet, and Familial Dimensions

Anne-Marie McAlinden

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583720
eISBN:
9780191758263
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583720.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book critically examines the official and popular discourses on grooming, predominantly framed within the context of on-line sexual exploitation and abuse committed by strangers, and ... More


Fad Dynamics

Joel Best

in Flavor of the Month: Why Smart People Fall for Fads

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246263
eISBN:
9780520932357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246263.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

The pendulum image is most preferred by commentators who argue that oscillating patterns characterize institutional fads. Educational reforms, for example, are sometimes defined as swinging from ... More


Behavior

Judith S. Weis

in Walking Sideways: The Remarkable World of Crabs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450501
eISBN:
9780801466045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450501.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses the behavioral patterns common to crabs, noting the difficulties of studying crab behavior due to their generally secretive nature. Majority of the chapter is devoted to their ... More


Introduction

Sherman A. Jackson

in Sufism for Non-Sufis?: Ibn ’Ata' Allah al-Sakandari’s Taj al-’Arus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199873678
eISBN:
9780199933464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199873678.003.0000
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Tāj al-'Arūs al-Ḥāwī li Tahdhīb al-Nufūs, a full translation of which is presented in this book under the title, The Bride-Groom's Crown Containing Instructions on Refining the ... More


Ending rape: the responsibility of the Canadian state

Lee Lakeman

in International approaches to rape

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847426208
eISBN:
9781447302629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847426208.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter discusses the relative impact of incest in grooming girls for sexual abuse, including prostitution; Aboriginal women's poverty pushing women into unsafe, unwise relationships and ... More


Introduction

Anne‐Marie McAlinden

in 'Grooming' and the Sexual Abuse of Children: Institutional, Internet, and Familial Dimensions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583720
eISBN:
9780191758263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583720.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This introductory chapter establishes the theoretical framework of the book and outlines its primary purpose — to examine critically contemporary popular and state-led constructions of grooming ... More


The Nature and Extent of Sexual Grooming

Anne‐Marie McAlinden

in 'Grooming' and the Sexual Abuse of Children: Institutional, Internet, and Familial Dimensions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583720
eISBN:
9780191758263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583720.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter underlines the common misconceptions about grooming behaviour, which have become embedded in public and official discourses, and aims to provide a fuller more nuanced account of this ... More


‘Institutional Grooming’ and Abuse

Anne‐Marie McAlinden

in 'Grooming' and the Sexual Abuse of Children: Institutional, Internet, and Familial Dimensions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583720
eISBN:
9780191758263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583720.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines the dynamics of ‘institutional grooming’ — the abuse of a position of trust and authority as a further method of gaining control over a child and the immediate environment. It ... More


Legislative and Policy Responses to Grooming

Anne‐Marie McAlinden

in 'Grooming' and the Sexual Abuse of Children: Institutional, Internet, and Familial Dimensions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583720
eISBN:
9780191758263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583720.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines the regulatory frameworks on pre-employment vetting and barring as well as the offence of ‘Meeting a Child Following Grooming/Certain Preliminary Contact/for the Purpose of ... More


Conclusion

Anne‐Marie McAlinden

in 'Grooming' and the Sexual Abuse of Children: Institutional, Internet, and Familial Dimensions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583720
eISBN:
9780191758263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583720.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This final chapter summarises the main arguments of the book, the key findings from the primary research, and evaluates their implications for preventing child sexual abuse and for current risk-based ... More


Chimpanzee grooming gestures and sounds: what might they tell us about how language evolved?

Simone Pika

in The Social Origins of Language

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199665327
eISBN:
9780191779725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665327.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Human language, without precedent elsewhere in the biological world, has often been used to define what it means to be human. Although there are on-going debates on whether language originated from ... More


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