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The neural basis for a sense of direction: head direction neurons

Paul A. Dudchenko

in Why People Get Lost: The Psychology and Neuroscience of Spatial Cognition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199210862
eISBN:
9780191594199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210862.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter opens with a description of the discovery of head direction cells. It also describes grid cells — a remarkable type of spatially tuned neuron that fires in a grid-like pattern within any ... More


Navigating in a Three-Dimensional World

Kathryn J. Jeffery

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

A central theme in the study of animal navigation has been the extent to which such navigation requires the formation of an internal representation of space, the so-called “cognitive map.” Although ... More


Learning Maps to Navigate Space: From grid, place, and time cells to autonomous mobile agents

Stephen Grossberg

in Conscious Mind, Resonant Brain: How Each Brain Makes a Mind

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780190070557
eISBN:
9780190070588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190070557.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explains how humans and other animals learn to learn to navigate in space. Both reaching and route-based navigation use difference vector computations. Route navigation learns a labeled ... More


How We Remember: Brain Mechanisms of Episodic Memory

Michael E. Hasselmo

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016353
eISBN:
9780262298230
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016353.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Episodic memory is essential for our day-to-day functions, enabling us to remember where we parked the car, at what time we walked the dog, or what a friend said days ago. This book draws on the ... More


Dynamics of Memory-Guided Behavior

Michael E. Hasselmo

in How We Remember: Brain Mechanisms of Episodic Memory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016353
eISBN:
9780262298230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016353.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on certain experimental studies that use specially designed tasks for rodents to demonstrate how memory plays a key role in guiding behavior; many models of such tasks have been ... More


The hippocampus and memory

Edmund T. Rolls

in Cerebral Cortex: Principles of Operation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198784852
eISBN:
9780191836299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784852.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

A description of the operation of the hippocampus in episodic memory is provided, with a theory of how the hippocampus operates, and how the hippocampal memory system illustrates many of the ... More


Marr’s influence on the standard model of hippocampus, and the need for more theoretical advances

Michael E. Hasselmo and James R. Hinman

in Computational Theories and their Implementation in the Brain: The legacy of David Marr

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198749783
eISBN:
9780191831638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749783.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

David Marr’s classic 1971 paper laid the foundation for a standard model of the hippocampus combining pattern separation (Marr’s codon hypothesis) and pattern completion. His paper discusses ... More


Space in the Mammalian Brain

Reza Shadmehr and Sandro Mussa-Ivaldi

in Biological Learning and Control: How the Brain Builds Representations, Predicts Events, and Makes Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016964
eISBN:
9780262301282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016964.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter discusses the space representations in the mammalian brain. It describes the rigid motions and scale changes that are representative of affine transformations of space. It shows the ... More


Spatial and episodic memory

Uğur Murat Erdem, Nicholas Roy, John J. Leonard, and Michael E. Hasselmo

in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199674923
eISBN:
9780191842702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0029
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

The neuroscience of spatial memory is one of the most promising areas for developing biomimetic solutions to complex engineering challenges. Grid cells are neurons recorded in the medial entorhinal ... More


Neurons and Circuits

Dana H. Ballard

in Brain Computation as Hierarchical Abstraction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028615
eISBN:
9780262323819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028615.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

All neurons have characteristic spike generation methods, but at the circuit level they are combined in many different ways. The slowness of the neural spike generation process suggests that standard ... More


Internalization of Experience: Cognition from Action

György Buzsáki

in The Brain from Inside Out

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190905385
eISBN:
9780190905415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190905385.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes how perceptual and navigation functions can become disengaged from their dependence on the external world. The key physiological mechanism that allows this “internalization” ... More


Early Distinctions between Self and Other, Focal and Global, Are Coded in the Medial Temporal Lobe

James H. Austin

in Living Zen Remindfully: Retraining Subconscious Awareness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035088
eISBN:
9780262336475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035088.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter reviews 2014 Nobel Prize-winning research on the hippocampus and parahippocampus. It considers place cells and grid cells and emphasizes that early primate studies had identified ... More


Spatial Cognition, Memory Capacity, and the Evolution of Mammalian Hippocampal Networks

Alessandro Treves

in Cognitive Biology: Evolutionary and Developmental Perspectives on Mind, Brain, and Behavior

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012935
eISBN:
9780262255264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012935.003.0043
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the discovery of grid cells in the medial entorhinal cortex (MEC) of the rat which has helped to clarify the special hippocampal role for spatial representation and spatial ... More


Navigating Our Environment: Insights from Single Neuron Recordings in the Human Brain

Itzhak Fried

in Single Neuron Studies of the Human Brain: Probing Cognition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027205
eISBN:
9780262323994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027205.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

The hippocampus and associated structures within the medial temporal lobe (MTL) are thought to support the formation of a cognitive map of space. This chapter reviews a number of studies that utilize ... More


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