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Global Harm and Global Equity: The Case of Greenhouse Justice

Richard W. Miller

in Globalizing Justice: The Ethics of Poverty and Power

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581986
eISBN:
9780191723247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581986.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Coping with harmful side‐effects of legitimate activities is a central aspect of moral responsibility in global interactions, epitomized in containment of climate harms due to greenhouse gas ... More


Global Warming and the Ocean: Human Impact on a Greenhouse Planet

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses human influence on global warming and assesses the ocean’s response to warming. Global warming is a chief consequence of excess greenhouse effect. Burning fossil fuels such as ... More


Transboundary and Global Health Concerns

Annalee Yassi, Tord Kjellström, Theo de Kok, and Tee L. Guidotti

in Basic Environmental Health

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195135589
eISBN:
9780199864102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135589.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on transboundary and global health concerns. Topics discussed include the health consequences of war, ozone depletion and ultraviolet radiation, climate change and the greenhouse ... More


How Should International Greenhouse Gas Agreements Be Designed?

Michael Hoel

in The Economics of Transnational Commons

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292203
eISBN:
9780191684883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292203.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter states that one of the most serious environmental problems in the next century may be climatic changes caused by the greenhouse effect. The chapter defines the greenhouse problem as a ... More


Venus: Atmospheric Evolution

Andrew P. Ingersoll

in Planetary Climates

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145044
eISBN:
9781400848232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145044.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the greenhouse effect and climate evolution using Venus as an example. Venus mostly has an Earth-like inventory of volatile gases—the basic ingredients of atmospheres and ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


Earth's atmosphere

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0037
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter applies thermal physics to the atmosphere, attempting to understand how solar energy keeps the Earth at a certain temperature, the role played by the greenhouse effect, and how humans ... More


Introduction: The Diversity of Planetary Climates

Andrew P. Ingersoll

in Planetary Climates

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145044
eISBN:
9781400848232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145044.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This book examines the fundamental physical processes that control planetary climates, from convection and radiation to escape of atmospheres, evaporation, condensation, atmospheric chemistry, and ... More


Titan, Moons, and Small Planets

Andrew P. Ingersoll

in Planetary Climates

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145044
eISBN:
9781400848232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145044.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter examines the hydrologic cycle on Saturn's moon Titan, which has an atmosphere of nitrogen and methane. Titan is an evolving atmosphere, close to the lower size limit of objects that can ... More


Science and the international politics of global warming

Shizuka Oshitani

in Global Warming Policy in Japan and Britain: Interactions Between Institutions and Issue Characteristics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719069383
eISBN:
9781781701546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719069383.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter gives a brief overview of: the nature of the problem of global warming; the international political responses to the scientific developments; and the United Nations Framework Convention ... More


Energy Balance of Climate

Eelco J. Rohling

in The Climate Question: Natural Cycles, Human Impact, Future Outlook

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190910877
eISBN:
9780197559918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190910877.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The Sun is the ultimate energy source for climate. The Sun radiates toward Earth at an almost constant intensity of about 1360 watts per square meter (W/ m2), as measured above the Earth ’s ... More


Global warming

in Environmental Pollution Studies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853239239
eISBN:
9781846313035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853239239.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses global warming as a result of the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect is the mechanism whereby the sun's rays reaches the atmosphere and the gas layer allows short-wave ... More


The Winds of Mauna Loa: Climate in a Changing World

Daniel B. Botkin

in The Moon in the Nautilus Shell: Discordant Harmonies Reconsidered

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199913916
eISBN:
9780190267919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199913916.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter deals with climate change and its impact on life on Earth. It first considers the limitations of current approaches to global environmental sciences before analyzing global warming from ... More


Global climate change and its ecological consequences

Andrew Clarke

in Principles of Thermal Ecology: Temperature, Energy, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199551668
eISBN:
9780191847936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199551668.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The greenhouse effect is a simple consequence of an atmosphere containing gases that are transparent to visible light but which absorb infra-red radiation (radiatively active or greenhouse gases). ... More


Warming Is Unequivocal

James Lawrence Powell

in Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences: From Heresy to Truth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164481
eISBN:
9780231538459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164481.003.0035
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter discusses the undeniable scientific evidence showing that global warming is real. The predictions made by James Hansen and his group back in 1981 were slowly coming true. In today's era ... More


Ethics, Public Policy, and Global Warming

Dale Jamieson

in Climate Ethics: Essential Readings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195399622
eISBN:
9780197562840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195399622.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

There has been speculation about the possibility of anthropogenic global warming since at least the late nineteenth century (Arrhenius 1896, 1908). At times the prospect of such a warming has been ... More


The Greenhouse Effect: From Curiosity to Threat

James Lawrence Powell

in The Inquisition of Climate Science

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231157193
eISBN:
9780231527842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231157193.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses how the rise in atmospheric carbon dioxide turned from curiosity into a threat. In February 1965, President Lyndon Johnson became the first U.S. president to caution about the ... More


The Economics of Climate Change

Nicholas Stern

in Climate Ethics: Essential Readings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195399622
eISBN:
9780197562840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195399622.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are externalities and represent the biggest market failure the world has seen. We all produce emissions, people around the world are already suffering from past ... More


The Physics of Radiation

Han Dolman

in Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198779308
eISBN:
9780191824388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779308.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter discusses radiation, radiative transfer and the greenhouse effect. It starts by analysing radiation from a blackbody, identifying the key difference between shortwave radiation from the ... More


Joseph Fourier’s Theory of Terrestrial Temperatures

James R. Fleming

in Historical Perspectives on Climate Change

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780195078701
eISBN:
9780197560365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195078701.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The concept of the greenhouse effect has yet to receive adequate historical attention. Although most writing ahout the subject is concerned with current scientific or policy issues, a small but ... More


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