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Nanomechanical Effects

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the effect of force and deformation of the tip apex and the sample surface in the operation and imaging mechanism of STM and AFM. Because the contact area is of atomic ... More


Intercalation compounds

Rolf Hempelmann

in Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Solid State Diffusion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198517436
eISBN:
9780191706974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198517436.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the diffusional dynamics in intercalation compounds of graphite with alkali metals. These form two classes: stage 1 compounds like C6Li, and stage 2 compounds like C24Rb. HNO3 ... More


Low-dimensional structures

E. R. DOBBS

in Helium Three

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506409
eISBN:
9780191709463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506409.003.0035
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter begins with a discussion of the establishment of a phase diagram for a monolayer of 3He from heat capacity measurements. It then presents accounts of recent studies of the magnetic and ... More


Application to Complex Crystals

Wai-yim Ching and Paul Rulis

in Electronic Structure Methods for Complex Materials: The orthogonalized linear combination of atomic orbitals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199575800
eISBN:
9780191740992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575800.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes application of the OLCAO method to the very loosely defined subject of complex crystals. These materials could also be classified under the previous chapters for insulators or ... More


Carbon cages and carbon tubes

Philip Ball

in A Century of Nature: Twenty-One Discoveries that Changed Science and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780226284132
eISBN:
9780226284163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226284163.003.0019
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Pure carbon was long thought to exist in only two crystalline forms: diamond and graphite. Conventional thinking has long since fixed on two other structural motifs. Creating fullerenes was an ... More


French Nuclear Energy: Concentrated Power

Kathleen M. Araújo

in Low Carbon Energy Transitions: Turning Points in National Policy and Innovation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199362554
eISBN:
9780197562901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199362554.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Sustainability

Nuclear energy is one of the most significant sources of low carbon energy in use in the power sector today. In 2013, nuclear energy represented roughly 11% of the global electricity supply, with ... More


Graphene: A New Paradigm in Condensed Matter and Device Physics

E. L. Wolf

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199645862
eISBN:
9780191767852
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645862.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Graphene: A New Paradigm in Condensed Matter and Device Physics is a complete description of the science and applications of graphene. Graphene, the single layer of graphite, is now ... More


The Generation Game: Electrochemistry

Peter Atkins

in Reactions: The private life of atoms

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695126
eISBN:
9780191918445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695126.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

You already know, if you have read Reaction 6, that an electric current is a stream of electrons. If you have also read the section on redox reactions (Reaction 5), which you should, in preparation ... More


Carbon in atomic, molecular and crystalline (3D and 2D) forms

E. L. Wolf

in Graphene: A New Paradigm in Condensed Matter and Device Physics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199645862
eISBN:
9780191767852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645862.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The carbon atom is discussed in the Bohr and Schrödinger pictures. Radii and energies of core and valence states are estimated. Ionization levels of carbon are used to estimate properties at variable ... More


Organic superconductors

A.V. Narlikar

in Superconductors

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199584116
eISBN:
9780191747496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584116.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter focuses on three categories of organic superconductors: charge-transfer salts, doped fullerides, and graphite intercalation compounds (GICs). One of the most interesting problems with ... More


Nanomechanical Effects

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198856559
eISBN:
9780191889905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856559.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the effect of force and deformation of the tip apex and the sample surface in the operation and imaging mechanism of STM and AFM. Because the contact area is of atomic ... More


Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Mark Ladd

in Bonding, Structure and Solid-State Chemistry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198729945
eISBN:
9780191818783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729945.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Nanoscience and nanotechnology are introduced and compared. The physics of small systems introduces quantum dots and their applications. Carbon is discussed in terms of carbon black, graphite and ... More


Air-Coupled Ultrasonics

Dale Chimenti, Stanislav Rokhlin, and Peter Nagy

in Physical Ultrasonics of Composites

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195079609
eISBN:
9780197560389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195079609.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, Industrial Chemistry

Ultrasonic material characterization or inspection for defects is conventionally performed using either liquid coupling (water, usually) or some type of gel or oil in contact-mode coupling. ... More


Guided Waves in Plates and Rods

Dale Chimenti, Stanislav Rokhlin, and Peter Nagy

in Physical Ultrasonics of Composites

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195079609
eISBN:
9780197560389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195079609.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, Industrial Chemistry

In this chapter we consider elastic wave modes which propagate in composites with finite boundaries. There are those waves that exist between the two plane parallel boundaries of a homogeneous ... More


Surface Properties and Gas Adsorption

Toshiaki Enoki, Morinobu Endo, and Masatsugu Suzuki

in Graphite Intercalation Compounds and Applications

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195128277
eISBN:
9780197561409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195128277.003.0010
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

It is well known that alkali metal binary GICs adsorb gaseous species (H2, N2, Ar, CH4, etc.) physisorptively at low temperatures, where physisorbed gaseous molecules are accommodated in the ... More


GICs and Batteries

Toshiaki Enoki, Morinobu Endo, and Masatsugu Suzuki

in Graphite Intercalation Compounds and Applications

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195128277
eISBN:
9780197561409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195128277.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

Intercalation can be defined as the process of inserting atoms or molecules (guest chemical species) between layers in a host material with layered structure such as graphite. Intercalation can be ... More


Introduction

Toshiaki Enoki, Morinobu Endo, and Masatsugu Suzuki

in Graphite Intercalation Compounds and Applications

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195128277
eISBN:
9780197561409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195128277.003.0003
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

There are two important features in the structure and electronic properties of graphite: a two-dimensional (2D) layered structure and an amphoteric feature (Kelly, 1981). The basic unit of ... More


Lattice Dynamics

Toshiaki Enoki, Morinobu Endo, and Masatsugu Suzuki

in Graphite Intercalation Compounds and Applications

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195128277
eISBN:
9780197561409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195128277.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

Pristine graphite crystallizes according to the D46h space group. There are twelve modes of vibration associated with the three degrees of freedom of the four atoms in the primitive cell. The ... More


Loadstones and Earths

Peter Wothers

in Antimony, Gold, and Jupiter's Wolf: How the elements were named

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199652723
eISBN:
9780191918230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199652723.003.0012
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

Jöns Jacob Berzelius (1779–1848), discoverer of the elements selenium, thorium, cerium, and silicon and deviser of the chemical symbols we use today, was one of the last in a long list of Swedish ... More


Unstable

Roald Hoffmann

in Roald Hoffmann on the Philosophy, Art, and Science of Chemistry

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199755905
eISBN:
9780197563069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199755905.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

Words are our enemies, words are our friends. In science, we think that words are just an expedient for describing some inner truth, one that is perhaps ideally represented by a mathematical ... More


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