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## The Hartree–Fock approximation

*Helmut Hofmann*

### in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- September 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780198504016
- eISBN:
- 9780191708480
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0020
- Subject:
- Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter formulates the Hartree-Fock approximation with density matrices, and discusses the properties of the Hartree-Fock equations together with the energy functional for the ground state ... More

## Classical Ensembles: Grand and Otherwise

*Robert H. Swendsen*

### in An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199646944
- eISBN:
- 9780191775123
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646944.003.0020
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces the grand canonical ensemble and demonstrates how to calculate the grand canonical partition function for a classical ideal gas. One purpose of the introduction of the grand ... More

## Basic principles

*Barry M. McCoy*

### in Advanced Statistical Mechanics

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199556632
- eISBN:
- 9780191723278
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556632.003.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter reviews the basic results of thermodynamics. It derives the basic formulas of the canonical and grand canonical ensemble from the microcanonical ensemble. It defines the concept of a ... More

## Ideal Quantum Gases

*Robert H. Swendsen*

### in An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199646944
- eISBN:
- 9780191775123
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646944.003.0026
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter develops the basic equations that will be used to analyse the Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein gases. The representation of many-particle states in terms of products of single-particle ... More

## Thermodynamic Limit

*Jochen Rau*

### in Statistical Physics and Thermodynamics: An Introduction to Key Concepts

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- November 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780199595068
- eISBN:
- 9780191844300
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780199595068.003.0005
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

When one describes systems which are homogeneous, stable, and macroscopic in size, it no longer matters whether macroscopic data are given as sharp constraints or as expectation values. This is the ... More

## Monte Carlo methods

*Michael P. Allen and Dominic J. Tildesley*

### in Computer Simulation of Liquids: Second Edition

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- November 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780198803195
- eISBN:
- 9780191841439
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198803195.003.0004
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The estimation of integrals by Monte Carlo sampling is introduced through a simple example. The chapter then explains importance sampling, and the use of the Metropolis and Barker forms of the ... More

## Quantum Mechanical Ensemble Averages and Statistical Thermodynamics

*Norman J. Morgenstern Horing*

### in Quantum Statistical Field Theory: An Introduction to Schwinger's Variational Method with Green's Function Nanoapplications, Graphene and Superconductivity

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780198791942
- eISBN:
- 9780191834165
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198791942.003.0006
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 6 introduces quantum-mechanical ensemble theory by proving the asymptotic equivalence of the quantum-mechanical, microcanonical ensemble average with the quantum grand canonical ensemble ... More

## Thermodynamic Green’s Functions and Spectral Structure

*Norman J. Morgenstern Horing*

### in Quantum Statistical Field Theory: An Introduction to Schwinger's Variational Method with Green's Function Nanoapplications, Graphene and Superconductivity

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780198791942
- eISBN:
- 9780191834165
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198791942.003.0007
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Multiparticle thermodynamic Green’s functions, defined in terms of grand canonical ensemble averages of time-ordered products of creation and annihilation operators, are interpreted as tracing the ... More

## The Ideal Bose Gas

*Lev Pitaevskii and Sandro Stringari*

### in Bose-Einstein Condensation and Superfluidity

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- March 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198758884
- eISBN:
- 9780191818721
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758884.003.0003
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the mechanism of Bose–Einstein condensation in the simplest ideal Bose gas case. An explicit expression for the critical temperature is derived in the analytically soluble case ... More

## Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics

*Hans-Peter Eckle*

### in Models of Quantum Matter: A First Course on Integrability and the Bethe Ansatz

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- September 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780199678839
- eISBN:
- 9780191878589
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780199678839.003.0004
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 4 reviews the basic notions of equilibrium statistical mechanics and begins with its fundamental postulate and outlines the structure of the theory using the most important of the various ... More

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