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Determining the Pace of Market Liberalization

Johan F. M. Swinnen

in From Marx and Mao to the Market: The Economics and Politics of Agricultural Transition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288915
eISBN:
9780191603518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288917.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explains why, when, and how transition countries liberalized their agricultural markets. It explains why China opted for a gradual liberalization, and why a much more radical approach ... More


Beloved Community and Beyond

Richard Wayne Wills Sr

in Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Image of God

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195308990
eISBN:
9780199867578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308990.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter addresses the degree to which King’s optimism was seriously tempered by subsequent signs of a growing political gradualism, the rise of counterproductive race rhetoric, the troubling ... More


Setting the Frame Chronologically

Anthony Snodgrass

in Men of Bronze: Hoplite Warfare in Ancient Greece

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143019
eISBN:
9781400846306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143019.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter lays out the chronological framework for the history of hoplite warfare. It discusses the impact that the studies of Homeric warfare have had on the orthodoxy. This chapter considers the ... More


Marketing Health: Smoking and the Discourse of Public Health in Britain, 1945-2000

Virginia Berridge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199260300
eISBN:
9780191717376
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260300.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book deals with changes in outlook of public health after the Second World War. Focussing on services, vaccination, and dealing with health issues at the local level, it can be seen that public ... More


The Delors Report: From Intentions to Action

Tommaso Padoa‐Schioppa

in The Road to Monetary Union in Europe: The Emperor, the Kings, and the Genies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241767
eISBN:
9780191596742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241767.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

An examination is made of the prospects for European Monetary Union following the publication of the Delors Report (Report on Economic and Monetary Union in the European Community) in 1989. Three ... More


Two‐Tier Systems

Gilles Saint‐Paul

in The Political Economy of Labour Market Institutions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293323
eISBN:
9780191596841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293321.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Studies the role of two‐tier systems in generating consensus for a reform that would be otherwise repelled. It is shown that if exposure to unemployment is initially too low, such strategy will fail ... More


Systematic Gradualism: Harm Reduction, Public Health, and the Industry, 1950s–1971

Virginia Berridge

in Marketing Health: Smoking and the Discourse of Public Health in Britain, 1945-2000

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199260300
eISBN:
9780191717376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260300.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter traces the history of what Sir Peter Froggatt, Chair of the Independent Scientific Committee on Smoking and Health, writing in the 1980s, called the strategy of ‘systematic gradualism’.. ... More


Expert Committees and Regulation in the 1970s

Virginia Berridge

in Marketing Health: Smoking and the Discourse of Public Health in Britain, 1945-2000

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199260300
eISBN:
9780191717376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260300.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the operation of systematic gradualism in the 1970s. It focuses on two committees: the Standing Scientific Liaison Committee of 1971 and the Independent Scientific Committee on ... More


Conclusion

Virginia Berridge

in Marketing Health: Smoking and the Discourse of Public Health in Britain, 1945-2000

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199260300
eISBN:
9780191717376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260300.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This concluding chapter presents a summary of the discussions in the preceding chapter. These include the ‘systematic gradualism’ in public health in the period 1950s-70s; and the marketing of public ... More


Embracing “the Oppressor as Well as the Oppressed”: Quaker Antislavery before 1830

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 4 explores northern Virginia Friends' antislavery efforts before 1830 and the reasons they adopted deferential and gradualist tactics, including colonization. Friends condemned slavery ... More


Shock Therapy, Round Two

Joseph R. Fitzgerald

in The Struggle Is Eternal: Gloria Richardson and Black Liberation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780813176499
eISBN:
9780813176529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176499.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter continues to detail the history of the social justice–focused Cambridge movement and white politicos’ use of laissez-faire gradualism to thwart it. It discusses Richardson’s growing ... More


Reconstructing Darwinism: from Darwin to the genome via the Modern Synthesis

Antonio Fontdevila

in The Dynamic Genome: A Darwinian Approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199541379
eISBN:
9780191728532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541379.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

This chapter deals with the traditional objections to the Modern Synthesis to decide whether the genome perusal forces us to update (or change) this synthesis. After a journey from Darwin's ideas to ... More


Leibniz Arrives at Monads

Jonathan Bennett

in Learning from Six Philosophers Volume 1

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250913
eISBN:
9780191597053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250916.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Leibniz held that there are no material substances (because of divisibility), and that there are immaterial substances, which he called ‘monads’. They are absolutely real; bodies are appearances of ... More


The Geography of Jewish Politics

Benjamin Nathans

in Beyond the Pale: The Jewish Encounter with Late Imperial Russia

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520208308
eISBN:
9780520931299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520208308.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the role of St. Petersburg's Jewish elites as self-appointed leaders of Russian Jewry as a whole, including their controversial response to the pogroms of 1881–82. It notes ... More


Coming Out of Sin – the Road from Mitigation to the Call for Immediate Abolition

Iain Whyte

in Scotland and the Abolition of Black Slavery, 1756-1838

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624324
eISBN:
9780748672196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624324.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The campaign against slavery itself began cautiously in 1823 seeking ‘mitigation and eventual abolition.’ Throughout the 1820s there were fewer petitions from Scotland than those against the trade in ... More


Blackstone’s Long Tail: The (Un)Happiness of Harmonic Justice

Kathryn D. Temple

in Loving Justice: Legal Emotions in William Blackstone's England

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781479895274
eISBN:
9781479832637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895274.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter returns to the idea of harmonic justice, suggesting its association with tyranny, an association formally legible in intolerance for deviations from form. The happiness it promises is ... More


The Negro's Place in American Life at the Present Day

Shawn Leigh Alexander

in T. Thomas Fortune, the Afro-American Agitator: A Collection of Writings, 1880-1928

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032320
eISBN:
9780813039084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032320.003.0009
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter presents the essay “The Negro's Place in American Life at the Present Day.” Despite Fortune's usual themes of race unity, race pride, and agitation for political and civil rights, his ... More


Micro-change

Penelope J. Corfield

in Time and the Shape of History

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300115581
eISBN:
9780300137941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300115581.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter analyzes micro-change, one of the central dimensions of history. It explains that micro-change can be defined as evolution or gradualism and that a significant element of regular, ... More


“To Inoculate Americans against the Virus of Hate”: Brotherhood, the War on Intolerance, and the National Conference of Christians and Jews

Leah N. Gordon

in From Power to Prejudice: The Rise of Racial Individualism in Midcentury America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226238449
eISBN:
9780226238586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226238586.003.0007
Subject:
History, Historiography

Chapter Six shows how anti-prejudice education provided an alternative to more effective, and politically contentious, challenges to racial injustice and exposes crucial distinctions between ... More


The Transition from a Communist to a Market Economy

Akos Rona-Tas and Alya Guseva

in Plastic Money: Constructing Markets for Credit Cards in Eight Postcommunist Countries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804768573
eISBN:
9780804789592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804768573.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter lays out the historical background for the development of postcommunist card markets. It revisits theories of the transition, focusing on the three distinct development paths the ... More


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