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Gradience and auxiliary selection in Old Catalan and Old Spanish

Jaume Mateu

in Historical Syntax and Linguistic Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199560547
eISBN:
9780191721267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560547.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

Gradience has often been identified as an important factor of linguistic change. A lexical‐syntactic explanation of Sorace's (2000, 2004) gradients in auxiliary selection with intransitive verbs is ... More


Gradience in Grammar: Generative Perspectives

Gisbert Fanselow, Caroline Féry, Matthias Schlesewsky, and Ralf Vogel (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199274796
eISBN:
9780191705861
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274796.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book represents the state of the art in the study of gradience in grammar: the degree to which utterances are acceptable or grammatical, and the relationship between acceptability and ... More


Modelling Productivity with the Gradual Learning Algorithm: The Problem of Accidentally Exceptionless Generalizations

ADAM ALBRIGHT and BRUCE HAYES

in Gradience in Grammar: Generative Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199274796
eISBN:
9780191705861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274796.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter develops a model that can handle all configurations of gradience and categoricalness. It believes that the solution lies in the trade-off between reliability and generality. It shows how ... More


Probabilistic Grammars as Models of Gradience in Language Processing

MATTHEW W. CROCKER and FRANK KELLER

in Gradience in Grammar: Generative Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199274796
eISBN:
9780191705861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274796.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter begins by reviewing some of the key psycholinguistic evidence motivating the need for experience-based mechanisms, before turning to a discussion of recent models. It focuses on ... More


Linear Optimality Theory as a Model of Gradience in Grammar

FRANK KELLER

in Gradience in Grammar: Generative Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199274796
eISBN:
9780191705861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274796.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter outlines the linear optimality theory (LOT), a variant of optimality theory primarily suggested by Keller to model gradient linguistic data. LOT is a framework intended to account for ... More


What’s What?

NOMI ERTESCHIK-SHIR

in Gradience in Grammar: Generative Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199274796
eISBN:
9780191705861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274796.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter shows that the source of graded acceptability judgments cannot be purely syntactic. Instead, such data area forecasted by information structure (IS) constraints. The chapter argues that ... More


Gradience in Grammar

GISBERT FANSELOW, CAROLINE FÉRY, RALF VOGEL, and MATTHIAS SCHLESEWSKY

in Gradience in Grammar: Generative Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199274796
eISBN:
9780191705861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274796.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter begins by defining gradience in terms of an individual speaker's grammar. It also identifies gradient phenomena in various domains of grammar such as semantic ambiguities, syntactic ... More


Linguistic and Metalinguistic Tasks in Phonology: Methods and Findings

STEFAN A. FRISCH and ADRIENNE M. STEARNS

in Gradience in Grammar: Generative Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199274796
eISBN:
9780191705861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274796.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

A much closer connection between phonological grammar and mental lexicon is revealed by studies of gradience in phonology using linguistic and metalinguistic data. The discovery of these new ... More


Decomposing Gradience: Quantitative versus Qualitative Distinctions

MATTHIAS SCHLESEWSKY, INA BORNKESSEL, and BRIAN MCELREE

in Gradience in Grammar: Generative Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199274796
eISBN:
9780191705861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274796.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter characterizes the critical phenomena from a behavioural perspective before turning to experimental methods, yielding more fine-grained data. It examines how linguistic judgments emerge ... More


Where We Stand

Robert Truswell

in Events, Phrases, and Questions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199577774
eISBN:
9780191725319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577774.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

This brief chapter summarizes the description of cognitive and semantic structures in Part I, and returns to the Single Event Condition from Chapter 1. That condition requires that a constituent ... More


Categoriality in Language Change: The Case of the English Gerund

Lauren Fonteyn

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190917579
eISBN:
9780190917609
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190917579.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

This study presents the first elaborate attempt to set out a functional-semantic definition of diachronic transcategorial shift between the major classes “noun”/“nominal” and “verb”/“clause.” In ... More


A Usage-Based Approach to Sign Change

Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Graeme Trousdale

in Constructionalization and Constructional Changes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679898
eISBN:
9780191760075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679898.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter elaborates on the theoretical underpinnings of usage-based perspectives on language and language change. The consequences of conceptualizing the language system as a network are ... More


Linguistic intuitions and the puzzle of gradience

Jana Häussler and Tom S. Juzek

in Linguistic Intuitions: Evidence and Method

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198840558
eISBN:
9780191876240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198840558.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter addresses the question of whether gradience in acceptability should be considered evidence for gradience in grammar. Most current syntactic theories are based on a categorical division ... More


Transcategorial Shift

Lauren Fonteyn

in Categoriality in Language Change: The Case of the English Gerund

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190917579
eISBN:
9780190917609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190917579.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

This chapter discusses the literature dealing with the formal and functional features of the major grammatical categories noun and verb, focusing on the so-called “mixed” or “hybrid” structures known ... More


Conclusions

Lauren Fonteyn

in Categoriality in Language Change: The Case of the English Gerund

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190917579
eISBN:
9780190917609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190917579.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

The concluding chapter synthesizes the results of the preceding analyses. It highlights that the most important functional-semantic categorial shift that has taken place within the English gerundive ... More


Modulations

D. Robert Ladd

in Simultaneous Structure in Phonology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199670970
eISBN:
9780191749629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670970.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Speech simultaneously conveys both propositional and indexical meaning. This is approximately the difference between ‘what you said’ and ‘the way you said it’. Some indexical meaning is conveyed by ... More


Split intransitivity

Delia Bentley

in The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199677108
eISBN:
9780191808821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677108.003.0050
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Historical Linguistics

The main goal of this chapter is critically to address from a comparative perspective some of the most important issues in split intransitivity within the Romance context, covering such areas as ... More


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