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 Market‐Based Environmental Policies: What Can We Learn from U.S. Experience (and Related Research)?

Robert Stavins

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay traces the history of market mechanisms and describes their theoretical advantages over prescriptive regulation. It gives an overview of the lessons learned about market instruments thus ... More


FILP under Stress

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0028
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The original purpose of Japan's Fiscal Investment Loan Programme (FILP) was to contribute to fixed capital formation by allocating funds to dedicated functional organizations at the national, ... More


User Fees, Expenditure Restructuring, and Voucher Systems in Education

SIMON APPLETON

in Social Provision in Low-Income Countries: New Patterns and Emerging Trends

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242191
eISBN:
9780191697050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242191.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

Education amounts to varying perceptions depending on the technological advancement and the level of development in different countries. To dissect this broad concept, this chapter presents the ... More


Recasting Housing Subsidies

Robert Cherry and Robert Lerman

in Moving Working Families Forward: Third Way Policies That Can Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814717189
eISBN:
9780814769904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814717189.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter demonstrates Third Way policies that rely on private markets to provide housing for the working poor. It suggests expanding government rent subsidies to more families by reducing maximum ... More


The Scope of Freedom of Speech

ERIC BARENDT

in Freedom of Speech

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199225811
eISBN:
9780191714139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225811.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the scope of the freedom of speech, that is, whether the freedom requires recognition of some positive rights to speak or of access to information, or whether it necessarily ... More


The Distinctively American System that the Government Created

Robert I. Field

in Mother of Invention: How the Government Created "Free-Market" Health Care

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199746750
eISBN:
9780199354528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746750.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The American health care industry could not have reached its present size and vitality without a foundation of government support. No other entity has the resources and national perspective needed to ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


Food Security for the Poorest Billion: Policy Lessons from Indonesia

Walter P. Falcon

in The Evolving Sphere of Food Security

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199354054
eISBN:
9780199398959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354054.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Since 1967, Indonesia’s food security has impressively and steadily improved. This chapter describes the sequence of projects, programs, and policies that were used to produce pro-poor economic ... More


Subsidizing John Wayne

JOE C. TRUETT

in Grass: In Search of Human Habitat

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520258396
eISBN:
9780520944527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520258396.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Government subsidies to aid indigent people or elevate corporate profits have become widespread in America, and their dispensation a recurring point of contention among politicians and ordinary ... More


Interlude (Deflation)

Mark Metzler

in Capital as Will and Imagination: Schumpeter's Guide to the Postwar Japanese Miracle

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451799
eISBN:
9780801467912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451799.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter focuses on the credit restriction program that was imposed under U.S. orders and directed by American Bankers Association president Joseph M. Dodge in 1949. Dodge launched this program ... More


Fiscal Issues

T.N. Srinivasan

in Eight Lectures on India's Economic Reforms

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195652826
eISBN:
9780199080649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195652826.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the history of fiscal reforms in India. Though there were major problems in the fiscal expansionism of the 1980s, it resulted in a mini-industrial boom in 1985–8 because of some ... More


Historical Institutionalism and Institutional Development in the EU: The Development of Supranational Authority over Government Subsidies (State Aid)

Tim Büthe

in Historical Institutionalism and International Relations: Explaining Institutional Development in World Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198779629
eISBN:
9780191824678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779629.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines agent-centric historical institutionalism as an explanation of increasing institutional depth, focusing empirically on the institutional development of the supranational control ... More


There’s Always a Catch: Speech-Restrictive Conditions on Government Funding

Gregory P. Magarian

in Managed Speech: The Roberts Court's First Amendment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190466794
eISBN:
9780190466824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190466794.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter focuses on disputes about conditions the government places on subsidies it provides for speech. The Roberts Court has issued two sharply contrasting decisions about conditional ... More


Australia’s Economic Mores through the Lens of the Professional Sports Industry: Individual Rights or State Paternalism?

Richard Pomfret

in Only in Australia: The History, Politics, and Economics of Australian Exceptionalism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198753254
eISBN:
9780191814853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753254.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Public and Welfare

Commercial sport highlights certain paradoxes at the heart of Australian exceptionalism: the contrast between a self-perception of Australians as rugged individualists and the presence of an ... More


Profiteers’ Pact

Fred C. Abrahams

in Modern Albania: From Dictatorship to Democracy in Europe

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814705117
eISBN:
9781479841189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814705117.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter focuses on the rise and fall of pyramid schemes in Albania during the tenure of Sali Berisha. Since 1992, the Albanian government had followed a policy of price liberalization, ... More


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