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Applied Welfare Economics

Chris Jones

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Important results in the applied welfare literature are used to extend a conventional Harberger cost-benefit analysis. A conventional welfare equation is obtained for marginal policy changes in a ... More


The Marginal Social Cost of Public Funds

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In public economics applications, the MCF is frequently used to compute the cost to private surplus of raising an additional dollar of government revenue. One of the most common examples is provided ... More


Conventional Shadow Prices

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The formal analysis in this chapter lays the foundation for the welfare analysis in the remainder of the book. A conventional welfare equation for marginal policy changes is obtained in a competitive ... More


Domestic Saving and Income Distribution

Young‐Iob Chung

in South Korea in the Fast Lane: Economic Development and Capital Formation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195325454
eISBN:
9780199783908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325454.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the volume of domestic savings; its sources (e.g., personal/household, business, and the government); and the use of mobilized domestic savings to finance the growing investment ... More


Revised Shadow Prices

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Governments rarely raise revenue with lump sum transfers. Instead, they use distorting taxes, and this must be reflected in cost-benefit studies. The conventional welfare analysis in previous ... More


Distributional Effects

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Once consumers are assigned different distributional weights, it is possible for policy changes with efficiency losses to raise social welfare by ’improving’ the distribution of income. Two ... More


Problems

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter provides a set of questions drawn from material presented in previous chapters. Most are designed to emphasize important points, and to illustrate practical examples of applied welfare ... More


‘Living Water’: Vodka and Russian Society on the Eve of Emancipation

David Christian

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222866
eISBN:
9780191678516
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222866.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book is a study of the social, economic, and political role of vodka in 19th-century Russia. Since the ‘Green Serpent’ first appeared in 16th-century Muscovy, it has played a vital part in ... More


Provincial and Local Governments in China: Fiscal Institutions and Government Behavior

Wei Li and Roger H. Gordon

in Capitalizing China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226237244
eISBN:
9780226237268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226237268.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the economic incentives available to local officials in China. The key hypothesis is that the welfare of local officials is heavily dependent on the amount of government revenue ... More


Political and Economic Theories of Federalism

M. Govinda Rao and Nirvikar Singh

in The Political Economy of Federalism in India

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195686937
eISBN:
9780199080571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195686937.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews economic and political theories of federalism. It explains that the political theories see federalism as a bargain among constituent units of the federation to preserve group ... More


The Decade of the 1980s

Suresh D. Tendulkar and T.A. Bhavani

in Understanding Reforms: Post-1991 India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198085584
eISBN:
9780199082087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198085584.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews the origins of the major changes in polity and economy in India in the 1980s. In the high tariff regime of the 1980s, small-scale producers often found it more profitable to turn ... More


The Ideology, Structure, and Significance of the First American Fiscal Regime

Max M. Edling

in A Hercules in the Cradle: War, Money, and the American State, 1783-1867

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226181578
eISBN:
9780226181608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226181608.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The conclusion provides a broad sweep over the fiscal regime and public finance of the United States from the adoption of the Constitution to the outbreak of the Civil War. Supported by tables and ... More


The Governance Ideal

M. A. Thomas

in Govern Like Us: U.S. Expectations of Poor Countries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231171205
eISBN:
9780231539111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171205.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the Western governance agenda and how the emergence of the current conception of governance in a handful of countries in the mid-twentieth century was concomitant with and ... More


100 Million Unnecessary Returns: A Simple, Fair, and Competitive Tax Plan for the United States

Michael J. Graetz

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300122749
eISBN:
9780300150193
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122749.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

To most Americans, the United States tax code has become a vast and confounding puzzle. In 1940, the instructions to the form 1040 were about four pages long. Today, they have ballooned to more than ... More


Fiscal Policy Response in Advanced and Emerging Market Economies

Elif Arbatli, Thomas Baunsgaard, Alejandro Guerson, and Kyung-Seol Min

in Post-crisis Fiscal Policy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027182
eISBN:
9780262324113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027182.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines how countries employed activist fiscal policies in response to the sharp decline in global growth following the financial crisis of 2007. In particular, it provides an in-depth ... More


The Rule of Law

M. A. Thomas

in Govern Like Us: U.S. Expectations of Poor Countries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231171205
eISBN:
9780231539111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171205.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explains why rule of law is weak and what this means on the ground for those negotiating their interactions with the government. There exists a tension in how poor governments engage ... More


Impact of the Crisis on Fiscal Positions

Y.V. Reddy, Narayan Valluri, and Partha Ray

in Financial and Fiscal Policies: Crises and New Realities

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199452651
eISBN:
9780199084524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199452651.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The impact of the crisis varied across nations depending on the conjuncture of their macroeconomic variables and their fiscal and economic conditions. Thus, not all countries were affected in the ... More


Debt, Spending, and Inflation

Harold L. Cole

in Finance and Financial Intermediation: A Modern Treatment of Money, Credit, and Banking

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190941697
eISBN:
9780190949068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190941697.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

This chapter describes how spending forces at play in economies like the U.S. can impact on the government’s fiscal deficit, the outstanding level of the public debt, and the incentive to inflate.


The Regulation of Extractives: An Overview

Tony Addison and Alan Roe

in Extractive Industries: The Management of Resources as a Driver of Sustainable Development

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198817369
eISBN:
9780191858871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817369.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the fact that every natural resource-abundant country needs to regulate the extractives sector in the public interest, given its significant social, economic, and ... More


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