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Reticulate evolution in the hominines

Michael L. Arnold

in Reticulate Evolution and Humans: Origins and Ecology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199539581
eISBN:
9780191716225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539581.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses evidence for reticulation evolution among the ancestors of the network that includes gorillas, chimpanzees, and humans.


Language in the Wild: Paleontological and Primatological Evidence for Gestural Origins

David F. Armstrong and Sherman E. Wilcox

in The Gestural Origin of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195163483
eISBN:
9780199867523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163483.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses current knowledge about the linguistic or language-like behaviour of modern great apes, especially chimpanzees (including bonobos) and gorillas. Evidence supports the idea that ... More


Other Complex Animals: Missed Opportunities?

Paul Waldau

in The Specter of Speciesism: Buddhist and Christian Views of Animals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145717
eISBN:
9780199834792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145712.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Three groups of socially and cognitively complex nonhuman animals are discussed: elephants, cetaceans (whales and dolphins), and nonhuman great apes (gorillas, orangutans, bonobos, and chimpanzees). ... More


Interesting Events at the San Diego Zoo

Duane M. Rumbaugh and David A. Washburn

in Intelligence of Apes and Other Rational Beings

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300099836
eISBN:
9780300129359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300099836.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter narrates some interesting events in primate research at the San Diego Zoo. Albert, the young-adult lowland gorilla at the San Diego Zoo, smashed and damaged the test apparatus with a ... More


Male Strategies and the Nature of Society: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between the Sexes

Alexander H. Harcourt

in Gorilla Society: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between the Sexes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226316024
eISBN:
9780226316048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226316048.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

Although gorilla society might seem permeated by the influence of males on females, the relatively thin distribution of females in the environment in fact affects the distribution of males. It forces ... More


The Impact of Primatology on the Study of Human Society

Lars Rodseth and Shannon A. Novak

in Missing the Revolution: Darwinism for social scientists

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195130027
eISBN:
9780199893874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130027.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Human social organization is in part a recombination of three African ape patterns: a gorilla-like sexual bond, a chimpanzee-like bond among males, and a bonobo-like band among females. However, the ... More


Male Mating Strategies and Gorilla Society

Alexander H. Harcourt

in Gorilla Society: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between the Sexes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226316024
eISBN:
9780226316048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226316048.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

Male mating strategies have a large impact on gorilla society. They help to explain the stability of gorilla groups (long male breeding tenure and female group tenure), as well as group composition, ... More


Introduction

Alexander H. Harcourt

in Gorilla Society: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between the Sexes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226316024
eISBN:
9780226316048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226316048.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

Socioecology is the study of how individuals' evolved survival, mating, and rearing strategies interact with the physical and social environments to produce the sort of society that we see. Primates, ... More


Female Strategies: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between the Sexes

Alexander H. Harcourt

in Gorilla Society: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between the Sexes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226316024
eISBN:
9780226316048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226316048.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

Gorilla female society can be described as one of groups of mostly unrelated females that transfer between males, especially at maturity. The grouping is allowed by the distribution of the gorilla's ... More


Gorilla Society: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between the Sexes

Alexander H. Harcourt and Kelly J. Stewart

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226316024
eISBN:
9780226316048
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226316048.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

Societies develop as a result of the interactions of individuals as they compete and cooperate with one another in the evolutionary struggle to survive and reproduce successfully. Gorilla society is ... More


Male Strategies and Society: Influences of the Environment and of Females

Alexander H. Harcourt

in Gorilla Society: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between the Sexes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226316024
eISBN:
9780226316048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226316048.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

Male animals have a variety of options for finding a fertilizable female. The male can roam in search of the females, defend areas that females frequent, attract females to himself, or stay with ... More


Gorilla and Primate Socioecology: The Future

Alexander H. Harcourt

in Gorilla Society: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between the Sexes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226316024
eISBN:
9780226316048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226316048.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

The gorilla is a folivore that lives in one-male, multi-female social groups, between which females transfer, and from which no breeding male is ousted by an immigrant outsider. This society, with ... More


Gorilla Ecology and Society: A Brief Description

Alexander H. Harcourt

in Gorilla Society: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between the Sexes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226316024
eISBN:
9780226316048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226316048.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

Gorilla society is based on cohesive groups usually containing one adult male, several breeding females, and their offspring, and is characterized by long-term association between males and females, ... More


Female Strategies: Male Influences on Females' Competition, Cooperation, and Grouping

Alexander H. Harcourt

in Gorilla Society: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between the Sexes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226316024
eISBN:
9780226316048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226316048.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

A major facet of gorilla society is the absolute dominance of the male over females, which correlates with his being twice their size. For instance, he supplants the average female nearly ten times ... More


Female Strategies: Male Influences; Joining a Protective Male

Alexander H. Harcourt

in Gorilla Society: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between the Sexes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226316024
eISBN:
9780226316048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226316048.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

Gorillas are preyed upon, and in some populations, infanticide has at times been common. This chapter argues that, in the face of the obvious feeding costs imposed by a male upon females, the only ... More


Female Strategies: Male Influences; Emigration and Choice of Males

Alexander H. Harcourt

in Gorilla Society: Conflict, Compromise, and Cooperation Between the Sexes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226316024
eISBN:
9780226316048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226316048.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

Emigration by female gorillas, and especially their immediate transfer to another male, makes gorilla society unusual among group-living mammals. The nature and distribution of food explains only why ... More


What is intelligence and what is it for?

Richard Byrne

in The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522652
eISBN:
9780191688676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522652.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the need to describe and measure the intelligence of various animals in order to use the comparative method to reconstruct cognitive evolution in humans. Especially, ... More


Invisible Gorillas

Joseph Mazur

in Enlightening Symbols: A Short History of Mathematical Notation and Its Hidden Powers

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691173375
eISBN:
9781400850112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691173375.003.0022
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter explains how symbols, by providing a blank background on which we may contemplate unadulterated meaning, help us see and distinguish what is essential. It first considers the claim ... More


From Gorilla to Guerilla: Defining Revolutionary Identity

Rychetta Watkins

in Black Power, Yellow Power, and the Making of Revolutionary Identities

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617031618
eISBN:
9781621031451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617031618.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter studies the dehumanizing discourses of American-style racism that compared black and yellow people to gorillas, apes, and orangutans. This act and signification is seen as a means to ... More


Darwin, Du Chaillu and Mr Gorilla: the lions of the season

Andrew Horrall

in Inventing the Cave Man: From Darwin to the Flintstones

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526113849
eISBN:
9781526128225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526113849.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter explores how Charles Darwin’s 1859 book On the Origin of Species and the explorer Paul Du Chaillu’s almost simultaneous encounters with gorillas in West Africa focussed popular fears ... More


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