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Conclusion

Alfred R. Mele

in Backsliding: Understanding Weakness of Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199896134
eISBN:
9780199949533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199896134.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This concluding chapter explains why readers who are not skeptics about free will are in a position to conclude that core weak-willed actions are not only psychologically possible but actual as well. ... More


AUTONOMY RIGHTS

William Talbott

in Which Rights Should Be Universal?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, Talbott explains the development of autonomy rights as a response to the failure of paternalistic defenses of autocracy (e.g., Plato’s Republic and the Marxist dictatorships of the ... More


Accounting for Backsliding: Background and More

Alfred R. Mele

in Backsliding: Understanding Weakness of Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199896134
eISBN:
9780199949533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199896134.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter sketches a theoretical and empirical framework that sheds light on how the occurrence of core weak-willed actions may be accounted for, if they occur. On the theoretical side, the ... More


Liberty Rights and Privacy Rights

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter briefly reviews the evolution in decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court of what was originally identified as a privacy right but is now correctly identified as a liberty right against legal ... More


Neuroeconomics: A guide to the new science of making choices

Peter Politser

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195305821
eISBN:
9780199867783
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305821.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

As technology has opened new windows into the brain, it has revealed a great deal about what happens there when people make decisions about money. These revelations have given rise to a new field, ... More


Introduction

Alfred R. Mele

in Backsliding: Understanding Weakness of Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199896134
eISBN:
9780199949533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199896134.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter identifies the book’s goal—to show that weak-willed action is possible and to explain why it happens. The chapter provides conceptual and historical background, including background on ... More


The Gentleman-Statesman: Aristotle's (Complicated) Great-Souled Man

Robert Faulkner

in The Case for Greatness: Honorable Ambition and Its Critics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300123937
eISBN:
9780300150278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300123937.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter turns its attention to great virtue and its critics. It looks, for example, at Washington's “magnanimity” that appeared to others, Jeffersonian as well as Federalist individuals. To them ... More


Status

John Kleinig

in On Loyalty and Loyalties: The Contours of a Problematic Virtue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199371259
eISBN:
9780199371280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199371259.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter asks whether loyalty should be seen as a virtue. It critiques the views of R. E. Ewin and Simon Keller. Loyalty is claimed to be an executive rather than substantive virtue that, like ... More


Wisdom

Paul Woodruff

in The Ajax Dilemma: Justice, Fairness, and Rewards

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199768615
eISBN:
9780190267582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199768615.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter first proposes a scenario where Agamemnon appreciated both Ajax's loyalty and Odysseus's cleverness, where Ajax saw the value of Odysseus, and was glad when Odysseus was rewarded. It ... More


Moral Authority and Moral Competence

Jacqueline A. Taylor

in Reflecting Subjects: Passion, Sympathy, and Society in Hume's Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198729525
eISBN:
9780191796395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729525.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

When we turn from Hume’s social theory and moral psychology to his Book 3 system of ethics in the Treatise, it is notable that Book 2’s deep and detailed account of social difference and social ... More


The Value of Precision in Probability Assessment

Jeffrey A. Friedman

in War and Chance: Assessing Uncertainty in International Politics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190938024
eISBN:
9780190938055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190938024.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyzes a database containing nearly one million geopolitical forecasts. These data show that foreign policy analysts are surprisingly effective at estimating subjective probabilities. ... More


Hume on Moral Motivation

Jacqueline Taylor

in Moral Motivation: A History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199316564
eISBN:
9780190496258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199316564.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter begins with a general overview of Hume’s views on motivation, paying particular attention to the influence of belief on motivating passions, hence on the will. Moral motives take the ... More


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