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 Moral Disagreement

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter challenges the view that every moral question has a unique correct answer. The sources of unresolvable moral disagreement are the following four differences: (1) in the rankings of the ... More


Nietzsche

G. A. Cohen

Jonathan Wolff (ed.)

in Lectures on the History of Moral and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149004
eISBN:
9781400848713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149004.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines Friedrich Nietzsche's moral philosophy, first by explaining what makes him different from most of the other moral philosophers such as David Hume, Thomas Hobbes, the Greeks, and ... More


Good and Evil, Order and Chaos

Jerrold E. Levy

in In the Beginning: The Navajo Genesis

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520211285
eISBN:
9780520920576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520211285.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter takes up the relationship between notions of order and chaos and good and evil. It is here that the two Navajo traditions diverge the most. The Pueblo-like Blessingway tradition tends to ... More


From Shyamalan’s Unbreakable to Snyder’s Man of Steel: Comic-book Mythology on Screen and the Co-implication of Good and Evil

Timothy D. Peters

in A Theological Jurisprudence of Speculative Cinema: Superheroes, Science Fictions and Fantasies of Modern Law

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781474424004
eISBN:
9781399509435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474424004.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This Chapter is the first of two that examine pop culture’s replete dualities of Good and Evil and their relation to law. It brings together two readings of the superhero genre: the ‘legal’ reading, ... More


The Nature of Islamic Juridical‐Ethical Discourse

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islam and the Challenge of Human Rights

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195388428
eISBN:
9780199866755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388428.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Islam

This chapter deals with a critical assessment of Islamic juridical tradition—a formidable obstacle to a number of articles of great consequence for the protection of individual rights that are ... More


The Principle of Utility

Philip Schofield

in Utility and Democracy: The Political Thought of Jeremy Bentham

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198208563
eISBN:
9780191716928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208563.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

In contrast to most recent scholarship, which attempts to divorce Bentham’s psychology from his ethics, this chapter shows how they were conceptually related through the sensations of pleasure and ... More


Nietzsche's Retreat from Réealism

Robin Small

in Nietzsche and Rée: A Star Friendship

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199278077
eISBN:
9780191602702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278075.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Nietzsche’s allegiance to Rée’s theories was never complete—the moral psychology found in Human, All-Too-Human resembles Rée’s and yet shows differences in some important areas, such as its account ... More


Value

John Richardson

in Nietzsche's System

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195098464
eISBN:
9780199833597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195098463.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines Nietzsche's values and weighs the extent to which these do and do not break radically from the values of his philosophical predecessors. I try to specify how his stance “beyond ... More


Why There Are Ends of Both Goods and Evils in Ancient Ethical Theory

James Allen

in Strategies of Argument: Essays in Ancient Ethics, Epistemology, and Logic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199890477
eISBN:
9780199345472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890477.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter adds a new twist to the ancient Greek question about what the ultimate human end is: it asks why Cicero presents ancient ethical theories (e.g., those of Aristotle, the Stoics, and the ... More


Facing Up to Evil

Walter C. Clemens

in North Korea and the World: Human Rights, Arms Control, and Strategies for Negotiation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813167466
eISBN:
9780813167756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167466.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In Chapter Eight, Clemens asks whether or not we should negotiate with individuals and groups we regard as evil and if evil is real. He then goes on to examine three ways to view humanity: that ... More


Commensuration and Public Reason

John Finnis

in Reason in Action: Collected Essays Volume I

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580057
eISBN:
9780191729379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580057.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

‘Measure’ is highly analogous, and some assertions about incommensurability are unwarranted. Relativist, Kantian, and intuitionist objections to utilitarianism's claims about commensurability are ... More


Divine Awareness and Bliss

Keith Ward

in Religion and Creation

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263937
eISBN:
9780191682681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263937.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology, World Religions

Some views of divine perfection require that God should be unaware of suffering in any experiential sense. For such awareness would lessen the quality or intensity of the divine bliss, and make the ... More


Twilights and New Dawns: Revaluation and De(con)struction

Fred Dallmayr

in Freedom and Solidarity: Toward New Beginnings

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813165783
eISBN:
9780813165813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813165783.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Among Western thinkers deeply embroiled in the transition between paradigms, two stand out from the rest: Friedrich Nietzsche and Martin Heidegger, the former serving in a way as precursor or ... More


Molly and Matilda: Old Savannah Specters

Tiya Miles

in Tales From the Haunted South: Dark Tourism and Memories of Slavery from the Civil War Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469626338
eISBN:
9781469626352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626338.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter recounts the rise of Savannah, Georgia as a key tourist attraction for visitors interested in the paranormal. The chapter focuses on the Sorrel-Weed House, reportedly Savannah’s most ... More


Rational Agency and the Birth of the Human: Genesis 2–3 and Its Early Interpretation

Carol A. Newsom

in The Spirit within Me: Self and Agency in Ancient Israel and Second Temple Judaism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780300208689
eISBN:
9780300262964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300208689.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Although Genesis 2-3 looms large in Christian anthropology, it was probably composed only in the Persian Period and did not seem to have much cultural impact until the Hellenistic Period. It sees ... More


Sources of the Military Metaphors of Medicine

Abraham Fuks

in The Language of Medicine

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780190944834
eISBN:
9780190944865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190944834.003.0005
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Medical Ethics, Professional Development in Medicine

Chapter 5 traces the historical origins of military metaphors and seeks to understand their cultural roots. Some scholars point to Pasteur’s germ theory and the development of immunology in the late ... More


The Yes: Value Monism

John Richardson

in Nietzsche's Values

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190098230
eISBN:
9780190098261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098230.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The ninth chapter begins presenting the values Nietzsche offers as lesson from his critiques of our values so far. It treats the center-piece of these new values, “the Yes.” He sets the goal of a ... More


Asymmetries in Value

Thomas Hurka

in Drawing Morals: Essays in Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199743094
eISBN:
9780190267544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199743094.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter holds that value pairs do not necessarily maintain symmetry, which does not hold true in many instances. Consider for example that pleasure and pain would presumably cancel each other ... More


Altruism, Pathology, and Culture

John W. Traphagan

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0190
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores the influence of culture in defining what is meant by the concept of altruism and how notions of pathology are shaped by cultural values that are used to define what is deemed ... More


Framing Ethical Behaviour

Joseph A. Selling

in Reframing Catholic Theological Ethics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198767121
eISBN:
9780191821318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198767121.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The complete moral event is a complex unity of various parts that can be examined independently. Traditional moral theology recognized this and incorporated it into its method. By suggesting that one ... More


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