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Research and Methodological Issues in the Study of Sex Differences and Hormone-Behavior Relations

Lisa A. Eckel, Arthur P. Arnold, Elizabeth Hampson, Jill B. Becker, Jeffrey D. Blaustein, and James P. Herman

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter provides a conceptual and methodological overview of relevant issues in sex differences/sexual differentiation research, and provides guidance to investigators studying the role of sex ... More


Steroid Hormone Receptors and Sex Differences in Behavior

Toni R. Pak and Robert J. Handa

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses how gonadal steroid hormones contribute to broad sex differences in the behavior of adult animals and the underlying molecular mechanisms that mediate hormone action. During ... More


Sex Differences in Neuroplasticity

Csaba Leranth, Neil J. MacLusky, and Tibor Hajszan

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

In a concomitant study, using electron microscopic stereological calculation, Woolley and McEwen (Woolley & McEwen, 1992) have demonstrated that, even during the ovarian cycle there is a fluctuation ... More


The Sexual Animal

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses the role of gonadal hormones in the reproductive life of mammals. Topics covered include hormonal activation of sexual behavior, hormonal organization of sexual behavior, ... More


Gonadal Hormones and Human Sexuality

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses the relationship of core gender identity, sexual orientation, and libido to gonadal hormones. Data suggest that core gender identity and sexual orientation relate to the early ... More


Hormonal Influences on Brain Plasticity: II. Sex Hormones

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter discusses the actions of gonadal hormones on synaptic plasticity and cellular replacement, and the potential mechanisms involved in the hormonal actions. It begins by examining the ... More


Engendering the Brain

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter presents a synthesis of the discussions in the preceding chapters. Gonadal hormone influences on human brain development and human behavior, and the implications of hormonal influences ... More


Sex Differences in Motivation

Jill B. Becker and Jane R. Taylor

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter develops the thesis that sexually dimorphic development of the neural systems involved in motivation has evolved due to sex differences in care of young. It proposes that sex differences ... More


A Historical and Personal Perspective on the Aromatization Revolution: Steinach Confirmed 1

Per Södersten

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

About a hundred years ago, transplantation of gonads to hosts of the opposite sex was reported to cause behavioral sex reversal and when synthetic androgens and estrogens became available somewhat ... More


Maternal Influences on Development, Social Relationships, and Survival Behaviors

Jill M. Mateo

in Maternal Effects in Mammals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501192
eISBN:
9780226501222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501222.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter presents an overview of potential maternal effects on behavioral development, including pre- and postnatal effects of social experiences, stress, and seasonality on the expression of ... More


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