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The Golden Rule

MARCUS GEORGE SINGER

in The Ideal of a Rational Morality: Philosophical Compositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250210
eISBN:
9780191681264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250210.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the Golden Rule does not require anyone to do for another what he thinks he would want himself to do if he were that other. ... More


Other Key Sayings

Anna Wierzbicka

in What Did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137330
eISBN:
9780199867905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137337.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Offers new interpretations of many of Jesus’ most memorable sayings, bringing into sharper focus their originality, often obscured in the literature by various superficial parallels. For example, ... More


The Golden Rule

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter reviews the relevant anthropology, starting with the apparent universality of the golden rule — do as you would be done by — in hunter-gatherer societies. It points out that all pure ... More


Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice

Thomas L. Carson

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577415
eISBN:
9780191722813
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577415.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This book addresses questions in ethical theory and practical questions about lying, deception, and information disclosure in public affairs, business and professional ethics, and personal ... More


The Meaning of Life

Douglas V. Porpora

in Landscapes of the Soul: The Loss of Moral Meaning in American Life

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134919
eISBN:
9780199834563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134915.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Very religious people, it is found, are likely to feel that they know what the meaning of life is. While others generally believe firmly that life has meaning, they deny knowing what the meaning is. ... More


Introductory

F. A. R. Bennion

in Understanding Common Law Legislation: Drafting and Interpretation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199564101
eISBN:
9780191705465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564101.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This introductory chapter starts by explaining what is meant by ‘common law legislation’ in the title of the book. It then says that construing common law legislation has often been found to be ... More


Assessing Hare’s Theory

Gary E. Varner

in Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two Level Utilitarianism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199758784
eISBN:
9780199949465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199758784.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter provides a summary assessment of Hare’s theory, both as an empirical account of actual human moral thinking and as a normative theory of how we ought to think and act. The chapter argues ... More


The Fabric of Social Life: Mimicry, Fantasy, Fiction, and Morality

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Many of our distinctively human social traits are interwoven with simulational propensities. A stroll through simulation-related topics includes the psychological underpinnings of social bonds, our ... More


TOP‐DOWN MORALITY

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Implementing any top‐down ethical theory of ethics in an artificial moral agent will pose both computational and practical challenges. One central concern is framing the background information ... More


The Golden Rule and a Theory of Moral Reasoning

Thomas L. Carson

in Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577415
eISBN:
9780191722813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577415.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter develops a theory of moral reasoning in the form of rationality conditions for moral judgments. The chapter argues that moral judges must be: 1) consistent, 2) adequately informed by ... More


Abortion: The ‘Pro‐Death’ View

David Benatar

in Better Never to Have Been: The Harm of Coming into Existence

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199296422
eISBN:
9780191712005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296422.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The conclusions of the previous chapters are applied to the abortion question. Four kinds of interests are distinguished: functional, biotic, conscious, and reflective interests. It is argued that ... More


Justice, Ownership, and Law

Garrett Barden and Tim Murphy

in Law and Justice in Community

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199592685
eISBN:
9780191595653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592685.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter elaborates on the Roman law definition of justice given in Justinian's Corpus Iuris Civilis — the giving to each what is due. The question of justice is always of the form: What belongs ... More


Equilibrium Growth. (III) Normative Properties

Michio Morishima

in Theory of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281641
eISBN:
9780191596667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281641.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Devoted to establishing the optimality of competitive equilibrium paths of various orders. So far three kinds of equilibrium growth paths have been discussed in the book: the Cassel–von Neumann path ... More


The Optimum Rate of Investment and Growth

Maurice FitzGerald Scott

in A New View of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287421
eISBN:
9780191596872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287429.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Using post Second World War data for the USA and the UK up to 1973, marginal social returns to investment are tentatively estimated to have been about 13% per annum, and marginal post‐tax shareholder ... More


Implementing the Decision

James C. Raines and Nic T. Dibble

in Ethical Decision Making in School Mental Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199735853
eISBN:
9780199863457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735853.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

There is an important difference between “managing” the ethical predicament, rather than “resolving” it. Managing a problem does not mean that we can necessarily prevent all negative outcomes whereas ... More


Justice

Robert Stevens

in Torts and Rights

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199211609
eISBN:
9780191705946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211609.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

It is common to try to explain the law of torts through one or more of the instrumentalist goals it could be thought to pursue. These goals, such as compensation, deterrence, loss spreading and ... More


Deception and Withholding Information in Sales

Thomas L. Carson

in Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577415
eISBN:
9780191722813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577415.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The chapter argues that salespeople have prima facie duties to: (1) warn customers of potential hazards; (2) refrain from lying and deception; (3) fully and honestly answer questions about what they ... More


Berne 1793–1796: Reason and Freedom

H. S. Harris

in Hegel's Development

Published in print:
1971
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243588
eISBN:
9780191680700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243588.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter details Hegel's activities from 1793 to 1796. These include an account of his life in Berne, his initial views on of the ideal toward which men ought to aim as rational and social ... More


The City‐State in Greek Ethics

Nicholas White

in Individual and Conflict in Greek Ethics

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250593
eISBN:
9780191598661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250592.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

One of the main vehicles for the reconciliation of individual and social happiness that has supposedly been characteristic of Greek ethics is the concept of the polis. In the Hegelian tradition it ... More


Issues in Legal Interpretation

Christopher Hutton

in Language, Meaning and the Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748633500
eISBN:
9780748671489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633500.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This chapter looks at how lawyers and legal theorists have understood and sought to resolve problems in legal interpretation. Legal rules concerning interpretation are shown to be an assorted mixture ... More


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