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 Atomic Alchemy and the Gold Standard

Mark S. Morrisson

in Modern Alchemy: Occultism and the Emergence of Atomic Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195306965
eISBN:
9780199785414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306965.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter explores the different cultural consequences of modern alchemy in relationship to monetary anxieties during the Depression. In particular, it narrates how the idea of modern alchemy ... More


Ideology and the Shadow of History: A Perspective on the Great Depression

Barry Eichengreen and Peter Temin

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The Great Depression is one of those seminal events in the modern world economy on which policy-makers and market participants rely when formulating their conceptions of how market economies behave. ... More


The Determinants of the Cost of Capital: Case Study Evidence

Paolo Mauro, Nathan Sussman, and Yishay Yafeh

in Emerging Markets and Financial Globalization: Sovereign Bond Spreads in 1870-1913 and Today

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199272693
eISBN:
9780191603488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272697.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter conducts a case study of spreads on sovereign bonds issued by Japan and Russia, two countries that introduced the gold standard in 1897. It is shown that Japanese spreads were relatively ... More


Introduction

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The gold standard is conventionally portrayed as synonymous with financial stability, and its downfall, starting in 1929, is implicated in the global financial crisis and the worldwide depression. A ... More


The Classical Gold Standard in Interwar Perspective

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book is organized chronologically to convey a sense of how events appeared to those who made the critical decisions that led toward the Great Depression. Chapter 2 begins with the prewar gold ... More


The Interwar Gold Standard in Operation

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This is the first of three chapters that consider the operation of the reconstructed gold standard system following World War I; it documents the decline in its credibility and in international ... More


International Economic Organization: Banking, Finance, and Trade in Europe Between the Wars

Charles H. Feinstein, Peter Temin, and Gianni Toniolo

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

Provides an overview of inter‐war international economic relations, with particular emphasis on the causes of the Great Depression of 1929–33. Four explanations for the failure of inter‐war policy ... More


Tentative Adjustments

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter traces the consequences of the disintegration of the gold standard system, contrasting economic recovery in countries that jettisoned gold with continued depression in countries that ... More


Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Barry Eichengreen

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The gold standard and the Great Depression might appear to be two very different topics requiring two entirely separate books, and the attempt to combine them here reflects Barry Eichengreen's ... More


The City of London and British Imperialism: New Light on an Old Question

Niall Ferguson

in London and Paris as International Financial Centres in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269495
eISBN:
9780191710162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269495.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter seeks to reassert the importance of Britain's formal empire in the ‘unofficial mind’ of the late 19th-century City of London, suggesting that even if they did not initially see ... More


Toward the Tripartite Agreement

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

By 1934, it was impossible to ignore the contrast between the persistence of depression in gold standard countries and the acceleration of recovery in the rest of the world; the continued allegiance ... More


The Glitter of Gold: France Bimetallism and the Emergence of the International Gold Standard 1848-1873

Marc Flandreau

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199257867
eISBN:
9780191601279
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257868.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The Glitter of Gold studies the so far unexplored operation of the international monetary system that prevailed before the emergence of the international gold standard in 1873. Conventional wisdom ... More


Cracks in the Facade

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This is the second of three chapters that consider the operation of the reconstructed gold standard system following World War I. It analyzes the role of the gold standard in the onset of the Great ... More


Crisis and Opportunity

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This is the third of three chapters that consider the operation of the reconstructed gold standard system following World War I. It describes the desperate attempts of policy makers to defend the ... More


The Dollar and the World Economic Conference

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter analyzes the critical period in the spring of 1933 when American policy was reversed and the dollar devalued. Roosevelt's abandonment of gold coincided with the World Economic ... More


The Onset of the Great Depression

Charles H. Feinstein, Peter Temin, and Gianni Toniolo

in The World Economy between the World Wars

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195307559
eISBN:
9780199867929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307559.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The descent into the depression left bankers, politicians, industrialists, and farmers seemingly helpless in the face of the successive currency and banking crises, growing stocks of unsold food, ... More


German and British Monetary Policy, 1919–1932

Theo Balderston

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

Balderston contrasts the exchange rate and monetary policies in Germany with those in Britain. He examines the economic and political determinants of the monetary and fiscal policies adopted in the ... More


Reconstructing the Facade

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter (like the previous one) looks at the fiscal war of attrition that fueled inflation in the 1920s; here, inflationary chaos elsewhere in Europe is contrasted with the experience of ... More


The Wartime Transition

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

World War I transformed the international economic and political environment. This chapter analyzes the major changes in domestic and international finance and their implications for the economic ... More


The Gold Standard and Public Finance, 1924–1931

G. C. Peden

in The Treasury and British Public Policy, 1906–1959

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207078
eISBN:
9780191677472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207078.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

Treasury officials successfully guided ministers to complete the post-war return to fiscal and monetary orthodoxy by restoring the gold standard. On the other hand, questions must be asked about the ... More


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