Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 23 items

  • Keywords: glucose x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Free Will, Consciousness, and Cultural Animals

Roy F Baumeister

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter points to a view of free will as a complex form of action control that is used (sometimes) by humans to achieve self-control and rational, intelligence decision-making, as well as making ... More


Positron Emission Tomography: Glucose Metabolism Studies in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

Thomas R. Henry

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Epilepsy poses unique problems and opportunities for cerebral imaging with positron emission tomography (PET). After reviewing PET methods in epilepsy applications, this chapter addresses the ... More


Positron Emission Tomography: Brain Glucose Metabolism in Pediatric Epilepsy Syndromes

Aimee F. Luat and Harry T. Chugani

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The advent of positron emission tomography (PET) scanning using 2-deoxy-2-[18F] fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) has significantly improved our understanding of the pathomechanisms of different pediatric ... More


Functional Imaging with FDG-PET in Mild Cognitive Impairment

Karl Herholz

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Assessment of regional cerebral glucose metabolism by FDG-PET at the resting state is a standard functional technique to assess cerebral function. An increasing body of evidence indicates that ... More


Promising Technological Frontiers in Monitoring and Treatment

David C. Klonoff

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0029
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The current technology for self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) levels has been well established since the 1980s. This practice is beneficial to patients with diabetes from both a clinical and an ... More


Enzymes of Carbohydrate and Energy Metabolism

Bernd Hamprecht, Stephan Verleysdonk, and Heinrich Wiesinger

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses enzymes of carbohydrate and energy metabolism in glial cells. These include enzymes of glucose metabolism, enzymes of glycogen metabolism, carbonic anhydrases, and enzymes of ... More


Obesity, Trace Metals, and Infection

Jerome O. Nriagu

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Trace metals are required in small quantities for a wide array of metabolic functions in the body. In terms of obesity, they can enhance insulin action through activating insulin receptor sites, ... More


Sleep and metabolic disease

J. Broussard and K.L. Knutson

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The epidemics of obesity and diabetes are increasing rapidly world-wide. Due to the potentially devastating consequences of these metabolic diseases, it is imperative that modifiable causes of both ... More


Effectiveness of Individual-Level Interventions to Prevent Vascular Complications

Amanda I. Adler

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter covers interventional studies aimed at lowering the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), nephropathy, retinopathy, blindness, lower-extremity amputation (LEA), peripheral sensory ... More


Electron Microscopy of Macromolecular Assemblies

Joachim Frank

in Three-Dimensional Electron Microscopy of Macromolecular Assemblies: Visualization of Biological Molecules in Their Native State

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195182187
eISBN:
9780199893416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182187.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Following an outline of the transmission electron microscope (TEM) and its working principles, this chapter starts with a description of specimen preparation methods for EM imaging, including ... More


Genetic haematological disorders

Sir David Weatherall and Elizabeth A. Letsky

in Antenatal and Neonatal Screening

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192628268
eISBN:
9780191723605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628268.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This main focus of this chapter is on genetic disorders of the structure or synthesis of haemoglobin — especially sickle cell disease and the thalassaemias, which are common enough in many ... More


Positive Psychophysiology: The Body and Self-Regulation

Suzanne C. Segerstrom, Timothy W. Smith, and Tory A. Eisenlohr-Moul

in Designing Positive Psychology: Taking Stock and Moving Forward

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195373585
eISBN:
9780199893263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373585.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

Self-regulation refers to control over one's emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. Failure of self-regulation contributes to many important individual and societal problems, including problems with ... More


Vascular and metabolic function across the life course

Debbie A Lawlor and Rebecca Hardy

in A Life Course Approach to Healthy Ageing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199656516
eISBN:
9780191748042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656516.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The pathophysiological process of atherosclerosis, which ultimately leads to cardiovascular disease, begins in childhood and young adulthood. This chapter describes the life course trajectories in ... More


Monoamines, glucose metabolism, and impulse control

Markku Linnoila and Matti Virkkunen

in 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Psychiatry: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192620118
eISBN:
9780191724725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192620118.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Many animal and human studies have explored biochemical concomitants of aggressive and self-destructive behaviours. A small number of these studies have used pharmacological manipulations to provoke ... More


Modulation of Emotional and Nonemotional Memories:: Same Pharmacological Systems, Different Neuroanatomical Systems

Paul E. Gold

in Brain and Memory: Modulation and Mediation of Neuroplasticity

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082944
eISBN:
9780199847877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082944.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter integrates and organizes pharmacological studies of memory by searching for generalizations or “rules” about the roles of hormonal and neurotransmitter systems in the regulation of ... More


Experimental Evolution from the Bottom Up

Daniel E. Dykhuizen and Anthony M. Dean

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the bottom-up approach used to understand the nature of natural selection, and begins by discussing a bottom-up analysis of the lactose system. The study of lactose metabolism ... More


The State of Cognitive Neuroscience: An Over-Optimistic Theory

Robert G. Shulman

in Brain Imaging: What it Can (and Cannot) Tell Us About Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199838721
eISBN:
9780199345373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838721.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The original claims of cognitive neuroscience, an offshoot of computer science and psychology, were of a logical brain in which mental concepts could be identified and localized. Reviews of the ... More


Brain Energy and the Work of Neurotransmission

Robert G. Shulman

in Brain Imaging: What it Can (and Cannot) Tell Us About Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199838721
eISBN:
9780199345373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838721.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Neuroimaging methods, fMRI, MRS, as well as positron emission tomography (PET), measure the rates of brain consumption of glucose and oxygen and of cerebral blood flow. In a single experiment MRS ... More


Glucose Detection from Skin Dielectric Measurements

Andreas Caduff and Marks Talary

in Dielectric Relaxation in Biological Systems: Physical Principles, Methods, and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199686513
eISBN:
9780191766398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686513.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter describes a biomedical application of dielectric spectroscopy for glucose detection from skin measurements. The chapter begins with a brief overview of diabetes as a disease and its ... More


Brain Aging and Cognitive Aging

Pamela M. Greenwood and Raja Parasuraman

in Nurturing the Older Brain and Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017145
eISBN:
9780262301336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017145.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The results of studies which examined the idea that a decline in physical functioning does not necessarily result in a decline in mental functioning are presented. Magnetic-resonance imaging studies ... More


View: