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Development and Social Regulation of Stress Neurobiology in Human Development: Implications for the Study of Traumatic Memories

Kristen L. Wiik and Megan R. Gunnar

in Emotion in Memory and Development: Biological, Cognitive, and Social Considerations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326932
eISBN:
9780199870318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326932.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explores the impact of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis activity and glucocorticoids on memory processes while emphasizing the importance of developmental processes and ... More


Stress Effects on the Brain System Underlying Explicit Memory

Leslie J. Carver and Annette Cluver

in Emotion in Memory and Development: Biological, Cognitive, and Social Considerations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326932
eISBN:
9780199870318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326932.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the literature on the development of event memory and the brain system that underlies it. It describes what is known about the explicit memory system and its development, as well ... More


Neuroplasticity and Aggression: An Interaction Between Vasopressin and Serotonin

Craig F. Ferris

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter focuses on two neurochemical signals that control aggression—serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, or 5-HT) and vasopressin (VP). 5-HT and VP appear to play significant roles in the regulation ... More


Prenatal Ethanol Exposure and Fetal Programming: Implications for Endocrine and Immune Development and Long-Term Health

Joanna H. Sliwowska, Xingqi Zhang, and Joanne Weinberg

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses the adverse effects of prenatal ethanol exposure on neuroendocrine and immune function, with particular emphasis on the concept of fetal programming in the ... More


Stress and the Hippocampus

E. Ronald de Kloet

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Environmental stimuli perceived as stressors and processed in higher brain circuits including the hippocampus activate the release of several neuropeptides eventually leading to the secretion of ... More


Commentary on Part II The Inhibited Child “Syndrome”: Thoughts on Its Potential Pathogenesis and Sequelae

George P. Chrousos and Philip W.P. Gold

in Extreme Fear, Shyness, and Social Phobia

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195118872
eISBN:
9780199848232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195118872.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter describes fear and its neuroendocrine regulation. It specifically highlights the role of elevated cortisol and corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) in the regulation of fear responses, ... More


Field Techniques: Measuring Stress Responses in Wild Animals

L. Michael Romero and John C. Wingfield

in Tempests, Poxes, Predators, and People: Stress in Wild Animals and How They Cope

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780195366693
eISBN:
9780190456993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366693.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter presents some of the techniques that researchers have used to study stress in wild free-living animals. The major focus is on frequently used techniques such as capture stress, negative ... More


Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

Jie Jack Li

in Laughing Gas, Viagra, and Lipitor: The Human Stories Behind the Drugs We Use

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195300994
eISBN:
9780197562390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195300994.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry

Inflammation and immunity, like all other normal reactions of the body, are meant to preserve or restore health. They can nonetheless cause a range of uncomfortable ... More


Organization of the Endocrine System

Sergio R. Ojeda and William J. Kovacs

in Textbook of Endocrine Physiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199744121
eISBN:
9780197563045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199744121.003.0004
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Endocrinology and Diabetes

Multicellular organisms are endowed with coordinating systems that regulate and integrate the function of the different cells composing these organisms. Two main ... More


Neurobiological outcomes in the offspring of postnatally depressed mothers: Causes and consequences

Sarah L. Halligan

in Perinatal Psychiatry: The legacy of Channi Kumar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199676859
eISBN:
9780191918346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199676859.003.0019
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Postnatal depression (PND) is the most common psychological disorder to affect women in the postpartum period, with an estimated prevalence of 13% in ... More


The intergenerational transmission of stress: psychosocial and biological mechanisms

Carmine M. Pariante

in Perinatal Psychiatry: The legacy of Channi Kumar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199676859
eISBN:
9780191918346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199676859.003.0023
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

I met Channi for the first time when I was a senior house officer (trainee) in psychiatry at the Maudsley Hospital, and I worked under his supervision for ... More


Associations between prenatal stress, anxiety and depression and child behavioural and cognitive development. Is it causal?

Vivette Glover and Thomas G. O’Connor

in Perinatal Psychiatry: The legacy of Channi Kumar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199676859
eISBN:
9780191918346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199676859.003.0024
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

I (V.G.) first got to know Channi at the inaugural Indian Biological Psychiatry meeting In Bombay over 20 years ago. I was working on monoamine oxidase at ... More


Maternal Influences on Development, Social Relationships, and Survival Behaviors

Jill M. Mateo

in Maternal Effects in Mammals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501192
eISBN:
9780226501222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501222.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter presents an overview of potential maternal effects on behavioral development, including pre- and postnatal effects of social experiences, stress, and seasonality on the expression of ... More


Look How Far We Have Come: A Bit of Consilience in Elucidating the Role of Caregivers in Relationship to their Developing Primate Infants and Children

James J. McKenna

in Ancestral Landscapes in Human Evolution: Culture, Childrearing and Social Wellbeing

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199964253
eISBN:
9780199366828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199964253.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

By virtue of more problem driven rather than discipline driven, integrated research methods and theories both anthropologists and psychologists are elucidating the neuro-hormonal processes underlying ... More


Urban Evolutionary Physiology

Caroline Isaksson and Frances Bonier

in Urban Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198836841
eISBN:
9780191873843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836841.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Organisms living in urban environments are exposed to many novel, sometimes beneficial, but most often challenging conditions. These conditions include increased exposure to chemical pollution, ... More


Physiological Correlates of Welfare

Marian Stamp Dawkins

in The Science of Animal Welfare: Understanding What Animals Want

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198848981
eISBN:
9780191883682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198848981.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Bioethics

The idea that there might be physiological markers of welfare such as ‘stress’ or ‘feel-good’ hormones is a very attractive prospect for animal welfare scientists as it seems to hold out the prospect ... More


Mediators of Stress

L. Michael Romero and John C. Wingfield

in Tempests, Poxes, Predators, and People: Stress in Wild Animals and How They Cope

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780195366693
eISBN:
9780190456993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366693.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter provides an introduction to the major components of the neuroendocrine/endocrine systems that have major roles as mediators of stress—or rather, the responses to stress. This overview ... More


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